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Kilauea

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by

Oli Mats

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of Kilauea

Kilauea
Extreme Environments
Where it is difficult or impossible for a human to survive because of the harsh conditions of the environment. Here are some examples of harsh conditions: Extremely high or low temperatures, no gravity and no air.

Kilauea Volcano is considered a extreme environments for the following reasons:
-could erupt any minute
-very unpredictable
-hot lava

Reasons it is difficult or impossible to survive there.
Kilauea can erupt at any moment so people around the volcano might not have enough time to leave. Also the temperature can get extremely hot. Another reason is that there are poisonous gases which can kill you.

The clothes you would need to pack:
-Heavy boots, jeans,hats, and a long sleeved shirt to protect yourself from sharp dried lava
-Heavy work gloves, fire retardant suit and a gas mask when working with fresh lava
Food you would need to bring:
Light foods such as breads, biscuits...etc
Also you would need a water bottle. At least one litre of water per person.
Ancient people explored this environment for many reasons

They thought that "Pele" the Hawaiian goddess of fire was making the volcano erupt. So they would explore to find out more about her and they would pray to her to stop the lava flows.
Also they explored the volcano to find new areas to live, find food/water and other resources.
Kilauea Volcano is the world's most active shield volcano (a domed volcano with gently sloping sides). It is located on the Big Island of Hawaii. The crater is 3,646 ft deep.
Kilauea Volcano
Bibliography
http://www.kilaueaadventures.com/
http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/
http://united-states-volcanoes.wikia.com/
http://www.basicplanet.com
http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/
http://www.livescience.com/
http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/
http://informationonvolcanoes.weebly.com/
volcanogeek.wordpress.com
Here is a picture of the lava from the erupting volcano:
Technology makes it easier to explore and learn about volcanoes for the following reasons:
-Special thermometers were developed to give us precise measurements of the temperatures. These temperatures would usually melt regular thermometers.

- NIRST is a satellite. It tells us the temperature both outside and inside the volcano. It was designed in Quebec and it was launched in 2011.

-Their are also some tools to help us find out how much lava is below the ground.


Transportation
To get to a volcano you can either take a car or a helicopter. A helicopter would probably be better just in case the volcano erupts. So you would be of the ground, which is safer then on the ground where the lava could burn you.
Here is a map of Kilauea Volcano:
Kilauea is also part of a curved line of volcanoes on the Big Island. Mauna Kea and Kohala are also part of these volcanoes.
Communication
Drawbacks
There are many drawbacks to exploring Kilauea. One is that the volcano can erupt at any time so it would be hard to leave the volcano on such short notice. Another reason is if you touch the lava you can get seriously burned if your not wearing the right protection. The lava can get up to 2,000 degrees. Also poisonous gases can be released from the volcano which can cause death.
Explorers
Katia and Maurice Krafft explored volcanoes. They were respected and envied by other explorers. They devoted their life to documenting volcanoes. The Kraffts have seen over 100 volcanoes erupt in their lives. Also they have over 300hrs of film footage and over 1000 photos.They both died on June 1991 cause by a pyroclastic flow (fragments of rock erupted by volcano) on Mount Unzen.
Explorers would usually bring their phones with them but only use them for emergencies. To talk to other people on the volcano they would use walkie talkies. Also they would bring note books or a tape recorder to record their thoughts.
By Olivia Matsui
Dangers of Kilauea
There are many dangers of Kilauea even when the volcano isn't erupting. Ash could get in your lungs which can cause breathing problems. Poisonous gases could kill you. Also the volcano can cause earth quakes.
Expedition team
My team and I are going on a expedition to explore Kilauea Volcano. We would need the following to survive there:
People today explore volcanoes for many reasons. They want to find out why the volcano erupts and when it is going to erupt. Another reason is because they want to find new resources and more of the resources they already have, such as Bauxite.
Kilauea Volcano:
Location: Big island of Hawaii
Meaning of name: spewing or much spreading
Latest eruption: January 3rd 1983
Type of volcano: Shield Volcano


Facts about Kilauea
-oldest dated rock is 23,000 years old

-oldest eruption was 300,000-600,000 years ago

-the latest eruption was called "Pu'u'O'u"
Which means "hill of the "O'o bird"

-Kilauea was formed under a hot spot under the crust
Full transcript