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Bracey Rallentoniz

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Mountains

Mountains By: Bracey
3rd hour, Mr. Blocks Environmental Science
October 21st, 2013

Mountains are defined as: An area of land that rises abruptly from the surrounding region. Mountains are found on every continent on Earth.

Mountains Resoure Availibility

Organism Interaction
Mutalism: A relationship between two species, in which both benefit.
Organism Interaction Slide
Abiotic Factors
Abiotic Factors: Describe the non- livivng Factors of the enviorment
This is the Polylepis Forest
These are Wild Potatos
Biotic Organisms: Describes Living Factors in the environment.
Biotic Organisms
This a bristlecone pine tree
This is green moss
This is a heath plant
This is a snow leopard
This is a Black bear
This a mountain goat
This is a wild Yak
This is a vicuna
is an abotic factor that effects the mountain biom. Wind has the ability to abrade surfaces that are not in channels, and can change the landforms. They also move soil around. This is both good and bad. Abrade: scrape or wear away by friction or erosion.
Is an abotic factor that effecrs the mountain biome and the living organisms around it. Water is needed to hdyrate the living organisms in the area.
Snow is an abiotic factor, that effects mountains, Snow: atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes or lying on the ground as a white layer. Some snow on mountain Caps will, eventually melt, and then turn into small streams/ creeks. While some on mountains will turn into lakes or rivers. Example of Snowy Mountains: Mount Olympus & Himlayas
Climate is an abiotic factor found in basically every city, continent, state, mountains, lake, stream. Climate is very usfull. We use climates to predict how, cold/ warm seasons could be! For example by having daily weater we could predict the seasonal weather of Mount Alsealy. If on monday the weather of 60*F, Tues, 64* F, Wens 67* F, Thurs 68*F and Fri, 70*F, we could predict that the average winter on Mount Alsealy, the average tempature is about 65* F.
the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level. Altitude effects the mountain in many ways; Determaine's climate; which if your higher up in the mountains the colder it will be, it also means, the higher you are in the air, its going to be hard to breath, because the oxgyen, will be bad because, you're so high
Intersting Facts or Fun Facts
The highest mountain in the known universe is Olympus Mons, a giant volcano on Mars, almost three times the height of Mount Everest.

About 80 per cent of the planet’s fresh water originates in the mountains. All the world’s major rivers are fed from mountain sources.

Mountains cover about one-fifth of the world’s land surface, occur in 75 per cent of the world’s countries and provide homes to at least one-tenth of the world’s people.

The top 109 highest mountains in the world are all in Asia and 96 of them are in the Himalayas.

Some of the highest mountains are at the bottom of the sea. Hawaii is at the top of a volcanic mountain in the Pacific Ocean, with more than half the mountain below water.

Enviormental Issues

Northern Sweetvethc
Canada Buffalo Berry
Dall Sheep
Golden Eagle
Primary Consumers
red breasted nuthatch
Sharp Shinned Hawk
Douglas Squirrel
American Marten
Secondary Consumers

Bald Eagle
If the population of douglas squirrel was depleting in the area, due to not enough nutrients for the animal, then what would of the population of American Martens, like to eat the Douglas Squirrel ( American Martens like small mammals like the douglas squirrel and the snowshoehare) Then what would happen to the American Martens that like to consume the animal.
The picture displays, two mountain lion's that are eating the young mule deer. In the picture you might notice that the mountain lions are benifiting why the deer is not.
Organisms Interaction Slide
Predation: The preying of one species, on another, its the relationship between two species, in which one is being eaten, and the other is eating the animal
Parasitism: A relationship between, two species in which one species, the parasite, benefits from the other species, the host which is harmed.

Example: blacklegged tick, which as you can see are on the young black bear, will directly cause poor health and loss of production to their hosts by many parasitic mechanisms. Ticks also transmit numerous kinds of viruses, bacteria and protozoa between animals. In this case the bear is the host and the ticks are the Parasite.

Protozoa:Protozoa refers to the micro-organisms that are classified under the unicellular eukaryotes. They are single celled organisms that only divide within a host organism. They cause diseases like malaria.
mechanism: is a system of causally interacting parts and processes that produce one or more effects.
Organims Interaction Slide
Competiton: A symbiotic relationship between or among living things for resources, such as food, space, shelter, mate, ecological status, etc.
The coyotes above are competing for the left overs of bison carcass. The animals are represting competition, for food.
Organisms Interaction
Commensalism: a relationship between two organisms, in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
The pinesiskin bird and the pine tree have a fairly good relationship together. The two have a very symboitic relationship together because the pinesiskin will eat any harmful insects, that could harm the tree.
Many lichens can be found in alpine regions. They often grow directly on rock outcrops and are an example of mutualism between a fungus and cyanobacteria. A lichen is not a single organism, but the result of a partnership (mutualistic symbiosis) between a fungus and an alga or cyanobacteria

Both organisms benefit from this association as the algal(cyanobacterial partner) possess the green pigment chlorophyll, enabling them to use sunlight’s energy to make their own food from water and carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. They also provide vitamins to the fungus. Cyanobacteria can make amino acids directly from the nitrogen gas in the atmosphere.
The fungus, in turn, protects its partners from drying out and shades them from strong sunlight by enclosing the photosynthesizing partners within the body of the liche
Lichens: a simple slow-growing plant that typically forms a low crustlike, leaflike, or branching growth on rocks, walls, and trees.
The map shows were mountains are found on the world.
Food Web Slide
Mountains are often the major water sources for surrounding continental areas. An accumulating snow pack in the winter melts in the spring and summer, helping to even out the runoff through the year. If there are glaciers, they provide even greater water storage and regular runoff, but with climate change and global warming, they are fast disappearing. Dams are often built in mountain areas to generate hydroelectric power and for flood control.

To maintain these important functions of mountains in water management, care must be taken to maintain vegetation cover in watersheds, or erosion and landslides or avalanches may result. Mountain lakes and streams are naturally poor in nutrients and are particularly susceptable to pollution.
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