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Health and Medicine in the Elizabethan Era

description of sanitation, health, and medicinal practices of the 16th & 17th century
by

selena vargas

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Health and Medicine in the Elizabethan Era

By Megan E Hoier and Selena V Vargas Health and Medicine in the Elizabethan Era Medicinal Knowledge Knowledge about sanitation and other medicinal treatments was limited
People believed that disease could be spread by terrible odors
People believed that diseases of the body were results of a bad soul
Populations increasing while sanitary conditions worsening Diagnosis and Treatments Medical Treatment available to the wealthy
doctors in large cities
no doctors in small villages and towns
Doctors wore large, creepy masks to keep disease out Black Plague Small Pox Extra Information physicians based philosophies on greek philosophers Aristotle and Hippocrates
Main diseases caused by lack of sanitation
Diet also caused-mainly meat, which carried diseases
peasents and servants malnourished
lack of vitamin C
Works Cited www2.springfeild.k12.il.us/schools/springfeild/eliz/elizabethanmedicine http://www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages
Interactives-Anneberg Foundation 2012 Uroscopy: determining illnesses based of of a persons urine color/odor four humors/fluids of the body blood
phlem
chloer (yellow bile)
melancholy (black bile) If the humors became imbalanced, a person was said to be ill. Doctors would cure patients by adding or removing bile or blood. since illness was said to be a result of sins of the soul, people were told they would be cured with non-medical options such as prayer, meditation and pilgrimages. many remedies herbal
treatments included potions
potions included urine, earthworms, and animal feces many potions made to relieve pain or cause drowsiness during surgery often ended up killing patients and Surgery Was performed as a last resort performed by barbers little to no anesthesia carried by fleas, lice and rats
transmitted by rodents
physicians had no clue why it was happening
came to Europe by sea in October 1347
Trading ships docked in the middle east carried the disease
people on the ships either dead or very sick when they arrived
people that survived were covered in black boils and could not keep food down worst outbreak
2 years before Shakespeare was born
Queen Elizabeth caught small pox
completely bald and forced to wear a lot of make up Makeup that was widely used contained lead www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-medicine-and-illness.htm www.history.com/topics/black-death
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