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1951-1981: Aboriginal Rights Movement

A treaty research project for Native Studies 30
by

Matthew Shelest

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of 1951-1981: Aboriginal Rights Movement

Matthew Shelest
Native Studies 30 Documents Covered In The Aboriginal Rights Movement Major Changes During The
Aboriginal Rights Movement Theme of The Aboriginal Rights Movement Relationship with Canada "1951 - 1981: Aboriginal Rights Movement."
Canada in the Making. N.p.,n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.
<http://www.canadiana.ca/citm/themes/aboriginals/aboriginals12_e.html>.

Wand, Jordan. "Prezi." Prezi.com. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.
<http://prezi.com/mut_94txwynb/1951-1981-aboriginal-rights-movement/>.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Indian Act
White and Red Papers
The right to vote
The Drybones Case
The Calder Case
Integrating the aboriginal peoples
into the Canadian society and treating
them as equals The events that took place from 1951-1981
may have made either the Aboriginals
angry and upset or the Canadians angry
and upset, but in the end the relationship
between the Canadian Government and the
First Nations peoples came out stronger
than ever before. They felt more as friends - trying to help each other and make each
others lives better - than they did as
enemies - trying to destroy each other. 1951-1981: Aboriginal Rights Movement Universal Decleration of Human Rights The Canadian Government signed
this act which made them review
how they treated the aboriginals. Indian Act The changes to the Indian Act
allowed cultural rituals such
as the potlaches and pow-wows
to be practiced again. It also
allowed Aboriginals to have
alcohol on their reserves and
sue the Government over land
claims. The White Paper In 1968, the Government of Canada created
what is known as the White Paper. This
document argued that Canada should be
done with creating treaties between the
Government and the Aboriginals. It also
stated that the Government did not agree
with the land claims the Aboriginals made
because they were too broad and unspecific. Citizens Plus/The Red Paper After the White Paper was released the
Aboriginals fought it with what they
called the Citizens Plus or The Red
Paper. This paper pretty much disagreed
with everything the White Paper stated.
Once the Red Paper was released an
Aboriginal group along with some other
Canadians met with the Government and
got them to change some of their policies
and positions. When Prime Minister John Diefenbaker
named James Gladstone the first Native
Senator in 1958, it made great headway in
the aboriginals movement to vote. Then in
1960, Mr. Deifenbaker finally decided it
was time, and he allowed non-enfranchised
Aboriginals to vote in federal elections. The Right To Vote The Drybones Case Joseph Drybones, an aboriginal man from the
Northwest Territories, was found drunk in a
Yellowknife hotel lobby in 1969 and was arrested.
This may seem like a suprise seeing as the Indian
Act states that Aboriginals are now allowed alcohol,
but it also states that it is only allowed on their
reserves. Now, although Drybones knew of this rule,
he drank at the hotel anyways, because there were
no reserves in the Northwest Territories. Since
Drybones was arrested hefound this rule unfair and
fought it all the way to the Supremem Court where
the rule in the Indian Act finally fell into disuse. The Calder Case Bibliography Frank Calder helped the Aboriginal
Rights Movement by sueing the British
Columbia Government over land claims
and making the Canadian Government
reconsider its federal Aboriginal policy
once again. Theme The overwhelming theme of the Aboriginal Rights Movement was to create a society where the Aboriginals were not greater than the Europeans, they were not lesser than the Europeans but they were equal to the Europeans. They could do everything that everyone else did and had the same rights as the Canadians.
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