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Transcript of Futurism
a movement of art associated with the early 20th century
it had a very strong presence in the years leading up to World War One
once World War One broke out the Futurist group declined because many artists decided to fight in the war
Characteristics/The Beginning of Futurism Art
started by Italian poet and playwright Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in 1909
began as a literary movement, but soon encompassed the arts
popular in Italy where Futurists advocated revolution in society and art
Futurist were obsessed with technology and knowledge
their art focused more on motion in time and space and was more analytical
Major Events During Futurism
the decline in society and art of Italy in the beginning of the20th century encouraged Futurists to become more radical and promote revolution
the beginnings of Fascism during this time time propelled the Futurist artists to work even harder to make their points about rebelling
the start of World War One led to the end of Futurism because Futurists got what they wanted, a revolution, and joined the war cause
The People of Futurism
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti was an Italian poet and playwright who named this period of art. He was a very prominent figure during this time.
Die Bruke was an artist during this time who along with others was focused on crating a new, more enlightened era
Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni, and Gino Secerini are all popular Futurist artists.
Italy's Fascist leaders and rebellious reformers influenced Futurists and encouraged them to "rebel" in the art world
During this period of art there was a big focus on movement.
Simultaneity of views became popular to show movement with shapes.
This spilled over to sculpture. Artists became solely focused on depicting movement.
Artists came up with different ways to more efficiently depict movement and make it the center of the artwork
Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
1912, oil on canvas, 2'11 3/8" by 3'7 1/4", Giacomo Bella
The viewer is suppose to focus on the dog and the owner. Balla showed motion by repeating shapes; the dog's legs, tail, and leash. This is an example of simultaneity of views. The artwork shows how fascinated Futurist artists were with depicting motion.
This artwork fits into the Futurist movement because the focus is on motion. The viewer is suppose to look at the dog and feel like it is moving.
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
1913, Bronze, 3'7 7/8" high by 2'10 7/8" by 1'3 3/4", Umberto Boccioni
This piece highlights the formal and spatial effects of motion so much that the figure disappears behind the blur of movement shown. This sculpture can be compared to the ancient sculpture, Nike of Samothrace, because of the empahsis on motion. However a comparison reveals how much the modern work differs from the ancient one. Bocciono went above and beyond to highlight movement. The amount shown is incredible and is the focus of the artwork.
This sculpture fits in the Futurist movement because it captures motion and that was the goal of every Futurist artist. When you first look at the sculpture you immediately see the motion and then the human it represents.
By Madison Dewey
When did Futurism occur?
1915, oil on canvas, 3'10" by 2'10 1/8", Gino Severini
A high-tech armored train with a huge cannon protruding from the top is depicted. In the bowels of the train there are soldiers with guns aimed at an unseen target. The painting reflects the Futurist faith that war does good. The artist doesn't depict the bad parts of war so the viewer doesn't think of them. Severini incorporates movement by depicting everything in facets and planes. This artwork makes it seem like war is the answer to all disagreements.
This artwork describes the Futurist period both artistically and politically. It makes it look like war is the answer and incorporates a lot of motion which were the two main goals of Futurist artists.