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Lithuania

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Teliza Henderson

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of Lithuania

Culture, Traditions, Language
Present Lithuania
Works cited
History
Communist rule
Lithuania
LITHUANIA
Citations
"Lithuania ." History. 2005. <http://www.infoplease.com/country/lithuania.html>.
Citations
http://econc10.bu.edu/economic_systems/Economics/Economic_History/FSU/lithuania_soviet.htm
http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Lithuania.html
1410
1569
1990
1918
1386
1251
Poland & Lithuania
The united countries conquered the powerful Teutonic Knights at Tannenberg
Formally united
Poland and Lithuania formally united after forming a confederation after almost 200 years
Declared Independence
Independence movement
United
Lithuanians became united under the rule of Mindaugas
United again
Poland and Lithuania became united
Through marriage, a Lithuanian ruler became king of Poland
Through the 14th and 16th century, Poland and Lithuania became part of medieval Europe's largest empires.
Poland and Lithuania extended from the Black Sea almost to Moscow.
After the collapse of Russia and World War I, Lithuania declared independence
Russia, Austria, and Prussia partitioned Poland in 1772,1792,and 1795
After Poland and Lithuania became separated, Lithuania fell under Russian rule after 1795
Russia tried to emerge Lithuania in Russian culture and language
However, Lithuania continued to resist against Russian rule
Vytautas Landsbergis was elected president
The same day the supreme council restored Lithuania's independence.
The Lithuanian movement reemerged in 1988
The remembrance of life during soviet regime is an important part of Lithuanian culture
traditions
Language
culture
Lithuanian is the most prominent language
6% speak Polish
8% speak Russian
Lithuanians usually marry in their 20's
Rural weddings are much more elaborate and may last for two days
Parents usually meet newly weds at the door with salt, bread, and wine glasses filled with water
If invited to a Lithuanian home bring flowers, wine, or sweets to the host
It is impolite to leave food on the plate, it signals the meal was not enjoyed
Lithuanians like to play many sports
Cultural events are usually attended specifically when including national songs and dance
Lithuanians have a likeness for nature
Death is celebrated in three phases
The deceased is dressed and laid out for public viewing for three days and nights. People who come to bring flowers arrive in even numbers
Burial ceremony is next and a luncheon
Lithuanians visit graves on birthdays or on All Souls' Day
Independence day is celebrated on February 16
Midsummer's Eve is celebrated on June 24, it celebrates summer
Lithuanians respect tradition
Lithuanian is an Indo-European language
Politics
The political system includes a central government
Some major political parties include Homeland Union Party, the Christian Democrat Party, Social Democrat Party, and the Liberal Party
The constitutional court and supreme court are apart of the Judicial branch
District and Local court judges are appointed by the Parliament
Bribery and corruptness are present in Lithuanian government
Government
Parliamentary Democracy
Made up of 141 seats
The president handles approving and dismissing laws made by the Parliament
The prime minister is appointed by the President
The government is involved the United Nations and the World Trade Organization
Economy
The unit of currency is Litas
Economy is based on agriculture
Beets, flax, cereals, and livestock breeding are an important part of the economy
Commercial activity like woodworking or light industry are becoming common
Lithuania is dependent on other countries for fuel and raw materials
Job insecurity, bad labor protection laws, and high unemployment are economic problems
Capital of Lithuania
Education
Children as young as three go to kindergarten or nursery school
It is required for children to complete nine years of schooling
Many children attend music, art, and athletic schools
For higher education: six universities, seven academics, and two institutions
Social Service & Change Programs
There are social service programs available for all levels of society
There are many national youth groups and peer support groups
The involvement of governmental and nongovernmental organization help because most programs are in the beginning stages
Vilnius, is the capital of Lithuania
It is southwestern part of the country, near the Neris and Vilnia rivers
It has been the capital since the 14th century
During, 1919 to 1939 Kaunus became the capital during Poland's annexation of southern Lithuania
Josef Stalin
Held power from 1945 until 1953
He deported tens of thousands of people to be deported to Siberia
The reason for their deportation were because of them being intellectual or well-learned
Reforms were made to make Lithuania dependent economically and politically on the Soviet Union
Literacy
Reading was illegal during the late 19th century and 20th century
People still read especially literature of national movement
Economy
The fast growth of industry did not help economy
Soviets proclaimed all land to be publicly owned
A set amount of land was given to the poor
Civilization of land was forbidden
Large landowners had to pay higher taxes
People on collective farms lived in poverty
Lithuanian People
Resistance
During the deportation some people ran to the woods known as forest fighters"
Many of people of the National Lithuanian Resistance perished in prison or concentration camps
1 million Lithuania lives were lost due to deportations, executions, incarcerations, murder of the political opposition and forced emigration
The genocide of Jews were going on at the same time
600,000 prisoners were taken from Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
Many were deported to remote villages
http://www.sepc.lt/softlanding/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55&Itemid=61
http://www.infoplease.com/country/lithuania.html?pageno=1
Full transcript