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Grade 7B WW1 Timeline
Transcript of Grade 7B WW1 Timeline
World War 1 Time Line 7B
Pre World War I
After World War I
The New War Commander
The battles were getting much harder for the Allies because they were losing too many men. Lloyd George persuaded the French to appoint French General Robert Nivelle as the supreme war commander over Douglas Haig’s head in May 1917 (Haig was the British general). Haig was said to keep an eye on Nivelle just in case he was misusing the armies. Nivelle was born on October 15, 1856 and died after the war on March 22, 1924. Nivelle was already a general in the French army and he was a very good commander. He proved himself worthy of this title at the battle of Verdun, where he managed to force the Germans farther back. Sadly, a copy of his plans was stolen and he refused to believe it. He was stopped too late and around 200, 000 lives were lost because of him. He was replaced later on in the war because of the loss of men and trust in him.
USA joins the Allies
The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917 because of the German U-boat campaign and the casualties the Germans have cost USA. The US decided to go to war against the Germans even though they were originally a neutral country. The US joined the Allies a few years later and were one of the key factors in winning the war. Their troops were fresh and were not battle weary and fought hard for the Allies.
The Hindenburg line was the last and strongest of the German army’s defense. On September 18, 1918, they launched their first attack. After the first attack, about 1000 soldiers where either dead or wounded. On September 29, the Hindenburg line was finally broken. Australian and US troops spearheaded this battle, and they were given the task of breaking defenses in the center. This fight lasted four days and many people died. Eventually, the Allies broke through the third and final stage of the Hindenburg Line, and the Germans were forced to fall back.
With Germany actively seeking an armistice and revolution threatening, many people started to call Kaiser Wilhelm II to abdicate. He was reluctant himself to make this sacrifice, so instead, he lead his armies back into Germany from the Western Front. Kaiser’s abdication was announced by Chancellor Prince Max von Baden in a November 9, 1918 proclamation. Wilhelm formally abdicated and went into exile in Holland. His abdication proclamation was formally published in Berlin on November 30, 1918.
The Treaty of Brest- Litovsk brought the end of the war between Russia and Germany. Lenin ordered that the Bolshevik representative should put together a quick treaty from the Germans so that it could bring an end to the war. Lenin and Trotsky wanted to end the war but they disagreed on how to do it. Lenin wanted immediate peace while Trotsky was in the middle between Lenin and the other countries; he wanted both immediate peace and but also wanted to continue the war. Trotsky’s slogan was “neither peace, nor war.” This showed how he was torn between the two. Poland was where the peace terms were discussed. The war had ended and Russia lost lots of land. They had to pay about three billion roubles in war reparations.
Treaty of Versallies
Armistice with Turkey-
Mid- October, and 30 Octoner 1918
Mid October Armistice
The allies had taken almost all of German-occupied France and part of Belgium. By this time the als had managed to push out most olief the powers from France and Belgium.
30 Oct 1918- Armistice with Turkey
The allies had successfully pushed the Turkish army back and the Turks were forced to ask for an armistice. The terms of the armistice treaty allowed the allies access to the Dardanelles. This armistice had ended the war between the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, and the Allies. This armistice with turkey gave the Allies the right to occupy any state in the Empire and Turkey. The Ottoman Empire had surrendered their troops to the Allies and the army was disbanded.
The Armistice with Germany ends World War I. This was an agreement between the countries to not fight again, and it was this and the treaty of Versailles that had officially ended in World War 1. The armistice was signed on November 11th, 1918.
What is the treaty versailles?
The treaty of Versailles outlined Germany's punishments. And stated heavy laws and punishments n which Germany was to follow. This was decided by the league of nations.
The Treaty of Versailles
This occurred on Germany had to first accept the blame for causing the war; this was called the war guilt clause. In terms of reparations, Germany was to pay for the damage caused by the war. The figure of £6,600 million was set some time after the signing of the treaty. Furthermore, The Germans Military had decreased: Army - was to be reduced to 100,000 men and no tanks were allowed from then on navy - Germany was only allowed 6 ships and no submarines Airforce - Germany was not allowed an airforce Rhineland - The Rhineland area was to be kept free of German military personnel and weapons. Germany also lost land to a number of other countries. For example, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, European and more. The League of Nations took control of Germany's colonies. Lastly, but not least The Treaty of Versailles did NOT bring peace to Europe after 1919 (although it might be claimed that its terms were never carried out). It certainly helped the rise of Adolf Hitler to power in Germany, and may have cause World War II. Germany was a part of the League of Nations, but withdrew later on.
• World’s largest ship in World War I.
• Transported people between Liverpool, England and New York City.
• Launched in 1907 at the time of fierce competition for the North Atlantic Trade.
• In 1915, On May 7th it was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat.
• 1198 passengers died, there were 1,959 people in total.
• 764 survivors
• German shipping line tried to control the lucrative passage of continental emigrants.
• It had 50% more passengers than other ships. (It was the largest ship)
• Incident was all over newspapers.
• By launching this ship, Germans broke laws.
• British broke Cruiser Rules as well.
• The sinking incident caused problems and protest in the US.
One of the major reasons US joined the War.
By: Sachin Sayal
The German advance through Belgium to France did not go as smoothly as the Germans had hoped. The Belgians put up a good fight destroying railway lines to slow the transport of German supplies. Despite a French counter-attack that saw the deaths of many Frenchmen on the battlefields at Ardennes, the Germans continued to march into France. They were eventually halted by the allies at the river Marne. British troops had advanced from the northern coast of France to the Belgian town of Mons. Although they initially held off the Germans, they were soon forced to retreat. The British lost a huge number of men at the first battle of Ypres. By Christmas, all hopes that the war would be over had gone and the holiday saw men of both sides digging themselves into the trenches of the Western Front.
Battle of Marsurian Lakes
• Leading up to WWI Italy sided with Germany and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance.
• She (Italy) should have joined with these countries in 1914.
• In result, she turned out to be disastrous during WWI.
• Allies persuaded Italy to leave the Triple Alliance with German Empire and Austria-Hungary.
• In 1919 she ended with her ‘reward’ (not really and accomplishment) the Versailles Settlement.
• Italy was a follower…not a leader. She would always wait to see how the war progressed.
• On April 26th, 1915 Italy entered war and joined the Triple Entente. (Britain, France and Russia)
• Many Italians supported the government’s choice in staying out of the war in 1914 (the first year).
• Nationalists were against the government’s choices though.
• Italy declared war on Austria.
• Italy was unsuccessful to invade Austria-Hungary.
• Although Italy had many more soldiers fighting, Austria-Hungary’s army held a better ground position and were more forceful.
• Austria-Hungary was bettered armed and prepared.
• Italy was extremely poorly armed.
Other Key Points
By: Amy Bradford
What is the Dardanelles?
Dardanelles is a narrow strait in the northwestern part of Turkey. It connects to the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara.
What was the Gallipoli Campaign?
The Gallipoli Campaign (known as the Dardanelles Campaign) was war fought between France, Turkey, Russia, and England.
Having defeated the Russian Second army, the Germans turned their attention to the Russian First army at Masurian Lakes. Although the Germans were unable to defeat the army completely, over 100,000 Russians were taken prisoner. The Masurian lake district is located in northeastern Poland. The success of the Battle of Masurian Lakes, coming so soon after Tannenburg, did a great deal to raise even further the popularity of Hindenburg and Ludendorff in Germany.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Early, Middle,and Late 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was 51 years old when he and his wife were shot dead by Gavrilo Princip while visiting Bosnia. There were many attempts to kill the archduke and his wife. First, Gavrilo attempted to bomb Franz’s car. The second attempt was a success, and Gavrilo assassinated Franz Ferdinand with a shot. Gavrilo also killed Sophie, Ferdinand's wife.
Reinforcements were sent to Italy
because they had lost some many men in field while trying to hold the line between Italy and the Central Powers. Reinforcements from France and Britain were sent to hold the lines.
Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863-28 June 1914) was an Archduke of austi-Ese, Austro Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia.
Archdune Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
The German U-boat campaign
The Germans were very desperate because they were slowly losing the war. On December 22, 1916, Admiral von Holtzendorff proposed “breaking Britain’s back” by sinking around 600, 000 tons of ship per month, that Britain would run dry and be forced to surrender. They were not worried about the Americans, because they would sink them before they got to Europe. They pushed their limits and declared to the world that they would sink any cargo or passenger ship in sight. The Germans put this plan to action in 1917. Many ships were sunk because of this and after the many casualties that had happened, countries were very reluctant to send cargo to Europe. The Germans did this to wear down the British. Lloyd George ordered the cargo ships to have a convoy ship with them to stop the attacks. The British fought back and the navy left the Germans after the leave of a German general.
Germany declared War on France
By: Shayan Novin
The captain of Germany was Kaiser Wilhelm II, the captain of Austria-Hungary was Franz Josef until his death in 1916, the captain of Bulgaria was Kat Belangarno, the captain of Russia was Tsar Nicholas II until 1917 and the March Revolution, the Provisional Government took charge until the Worker’s Soviet (Bolsheviks) took power from them in the October Revolution and installed Vladimir Lenin as Russia’s new leader.
Russians asked Britain and France to help beat the Turkish, since the Turkish were going to attack.The British were able to land a number of marines in the Gallipoli region of the Dardanelles. But later after, they were unable to succeed in the mission though.
This assassination was an immediate cause of WWI because every country that was involved had alliances, and then those alliances grew into larger alliances, which brought in more countries. Due to these alliances, one small battle containing only two countries became a major battle containing many countries.
The French intended to take control of the 38 mile long Dardanelles channel and to conquer Constantinople. They did succeed.
The W. front Passchendaele took place at Western Front. To many soldiers, this was called the Battle of Mud. Sir Douglas Haig had thought of attacking Passchendaele through Flanders, but the Battle of the Somme occupied his time during 1916. But one year later, Haig felt able to launch an attack like it. His main aim was to destroy the German submarines.
Unfortunately, for British, Germany had been attacked for ten days straight with shells, so any hope of surprise form the Germany was lost. Because of this, when British and her allies attacked Germany, she was fully prepared. When the British attacked, the shell craters made by the Allied shelling filled with water and did not allow advancing men the opportunity to hide in them. When British only gained very small things, Haig blamed the lack of progress on Hubert Gough and not on the weather. He then put Gough and his men to a front further north and put Herbert Plumer in charge. Plumer fought a series of small battles within Flanders. These gave British forces the advantage in the territory to the east of Ypres, causing Suaad Hagi to be convinced that the Germans to be on the Verge of being destroyed. Germans used mustard gas to assist them and the attempt by the Allied breakthrough failed. This war was really costly and together, Germany and the British lost 570, 000 men.
Vladimir Lenin- Russian Leader
The German advance through Belgium to France did not go as smoothly as the Germans had hoped. The Belgians destroyed railway lines to slow the transport of German supplies. Despite a French attack that saw the deaths of many Frenchmen on the battlefields at Ardennes, the Germans continued to march into France. They were eventually halted by the allies at the river Marne. British troops had advanced from the northern coast of France to the Belgian town of Mons. Although they initially held off the Germans, they were soon forced to retreat. The British lost a huge number of men at the first battle of Ypres. By Christmas, all hopes that the war would be over had gone and the holiday saw men of both sides digging themselves into the trenches of the Western Front.
Tsar Nicholas II- Russian Leader
Franz Josef- Austria-Hungary Leader
April 1918 RAF FORMED
The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service were merged to form the Royal Air Force. The Royal Flying Crops and the Royal Naval Air Service, become one, and an old rivalry is ended in a single identity of uniform. The Royal Air Force is the oldest independent force in the world. The largest bomb of the war was dropped by the Royal Air Force, weighting at 1650lbs. The RAF claimed 68 enemy aircrafts.
The allies of Germany during the Battle of Sommes were Bulgaria (joined 1915) Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire (joined 1915). This group was referred to as the triple alliance or the central powers.
Germany declared war because it had completed the Schlieffen plan that had been drawn since 1879 and was designed to attack France. The plan worked on the basis that they would be at war with Russia and France at the same time. The Germans thought that France would be weak and easy to capture, whereas Russia would be much stronger, but very slow to mobilise. So in essence the Germans could nip over to France, defeat it, and then come back and finish off the Russians.
It cost France, Russia and Britain 141,113 killed and wounded men. The Turkish only lost 195,500 men.
The Schlieffen Plan
The Royal Air Force is the oldest independent force in the world. The largest bomb of the war was dropped by the Royal Air Force, weighting at 1650lbs. The RAF claimed 68 enemy aircrafts.
Germany's flag during WWI
Turkey entered the war on the 29th of October, 1914. They joined the Central Powers to form the Triple Alliance with the signing of the August 1914 Turco-German Alliance. The Leader of Turkey at the time was Captain Pasha.
By: Shayan Novin
The two reasons why the Ottoman Empire got involved with World War 1 was the Germans pressure and the opportunism of Turkish minister of war, Enver Pasha. Enver Pasha was the Ottoman military office, a leader of the Young Turk Revolution. He was the main leader of the Ottoman Empire in both Balkan Wars and World War I. The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913. By the history of Captain Pasha, you can already see some experience of war.
Turkey won the battle which lasted for 8 months, 2 weeks, and 1 day. (February 1915-January 1916)
Enver Pasha- The Turkish Leader
This the a picture of the Turco-German Alliance
British declaration of War
By: Wesley Guo
Early stages of the War Time: Late 1914
Battle of Verdun
US soldiers in tanks
Winston Churchill was born in 1874. He was born into a wealthy and famous family. He was the grandson of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. Churchill went to the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst and gained a commission in the Fourth Hussars. He is famous as a war leader and a writer about his war campaigns.
Winston Churchill had many roles in World War 1. At first, he started as the First Lord of the Admiralty, which meant he was in charge of the navy and everything it did. He was later removed from that post after the Gallipoli disaster. He then rejoined the army and commanded a battalion on the Western Front. Then, after a change in the Government, he became the Minister of Munitions for the rest of the war.
Battle of the Amiens
The Battle of the Amiens was the beginning of the end of the German armies. It was an extremely powerful force. They attacked along the Western Front. On July 24, while the battle was in session, the Allies commanders went to Bombon for a meeting. The director commanded the Fourth Army. Rawlinson had a multi-national army with America, Australian, Canadian and British divisions. He was given 530 British and 70 French tanks. He also was given control of the French First Army, now the French would take part in an attack.
The Gallipoli Campaign
By: Amy Bradford
Second Battle of Ypres
• Began on April 21, 1915 and ended on May 25, 1915
• It was used primarily to change the course of allied attention from the Eastern Front.
• It was also used to test a chlorine gas called mustard gas. This broke the rule of war which is the use of chemical weapons.
• Marked the Canadians' first major engagement.
• It was a battle for control of the Flemish town of Ypres.
• The poem “In Flanders Field” was written following the Second Battle of Ypres.
Zeppelin Bombin World War 1
• A Zeppelin is a rigid airship made by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin.
• The first Zeppelin raid happened in January 1915, which was on England.
• From the first raid until the end of WWI there were over 50 raids on United Kingdom by Germany.
• Zeppelin bombings were usually called zeppelin raids.
• In the beginning zeppelins had the advantage because they could go to a higher altitude than the anti-aircraft and carry a good amount of a bomb-load. It was a disadvantage from nighttime and weather conditions and cause the zeppelins to have less bombing accuracy.
• Zeppelins were known as baby-killers from the civilian casualties which made it an object of hatred.
This is the Ottoman Empire during 1914
The Germans advance through Belgium to France did not go as smoothly as planned. The Belgians destroyed the railway lines to slow down the supplies for the Germans soldiers. The Germans continued to march through France, they were halted y the allies of France at the river Marne. The British troops were initially holding off the Germans but then forced to retreat. The British lost many men at the first battle of Ypres. By Christmas, all hopes of the war ending was gone. Men of both sides stared digging themselves into the trenches of the Western Front.
On August 4th 1914, Great Britain declared war on Germany. Britain, led by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith, had given Germany a demand to get out of Belgium by midnight of August 3rd.
By doing this, the German military hierarchy had doomed Belgium to an invasion. Because Germany stayed in Belguim, Britain declared war on Germany.
The Western Front was a place where the trenches were dug. These trenches stretched from the North Sea to the Swiss frontier with France. The line was unchanged for most of the duration of the war.
Prime Minister Herbert Asquith
The Western Front
The German Journey
Early Stages of War
Austria Declared war on Serbia
The Western Front Cambrai was a battle mostly between the British and the Germans. This battle was the first battle to use tanks, making it modern warfare. This battle lasted from November 20th 1917 – December 7th 1917. This battle changed many things like tactics in weapons, learning new things to attack, etc. This battle first was a battle of “Hit the tank and run” tactic, into a full out attack of clashing together 1000 guns, 9 tank battalions, six infantry division and five cavalry divisions.
Battle of Jutland
The battle of Jutland was the first and only major Naval Battle of the whole War. The fighting consisted of British, Canadian, Australian and German navies. The British Admiral Sir John Jellicoe was in charge of the Grand Fleet, and the German Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer was in charge of the High Seas Fleet. The battle started with the Germans attempting to make an attack along the Scottish coast. The Germans confident in their codes did not know that the British knew they were coming and prepared for an attack. The first major event of the battle was the first encounter of British and German ships. The British Admiral Betty decided to chase the fewer German ships south towards their main fleet. The second phase saw Betty’s forces now fleeing to the north with German Dreadnoughts on his tail. At the half way point of the battle both sides though the battle was going to plan. In the third phase the Germans got a surprise from the British. They thought they had outrun the British only to be bombarded by Jellicoe’s fleet. In the fourth phase the Germans were forced to retreat to the Baltic, due to heavy fire from the British ships. In the final phase the Germans finally managed to escape because Jellicoe’s fleet was trying to avoid torpedo strikes from the German light fleet. The battle was won by the British even though they suffered more losses.
Canada and The Battle of Juttland
This was a major achievement for Canada, to be able to join the war with only two old ships to be involved in the largest and most controversial naval battle of the war. Canada was credited for their involvement in the battle giving the Canadians a new level of pride and a reputation of hard hitting soldiers.
The Battle of
By: Eric Fernandes
June 1 1916
The First Aeroplane Raid
The first aeroplane was reported to be in London on November of 1916. Germans used to use zeppelins to strike fear in the British home front and attack military bases. During the war zeppelins became increasingly ineffective due to them being huge targets, sensitive to weather and the invention of planes with guns. The Germans then started using planes, as they were smaller and faster. A well known one would be the Gotha. Fights between to airplanes are called dog fights. Both The Allies and the Entente spawned many ace pilots, arguably the most famous one being the Red Baron of Germany.
By: Lawrence Volodarski
Lloyd George British Prime Minister
Lloyd George came into office December 7th, 1916. He was considered the third greatest British prime minister of the 20th century. He is regarded as the founder of the British welfare. He was a key player at the Paris Peace Conference. He is so far the only British prime minister to have been Welsh. He helped shape the world after the end of the war. He agreed with the American president’s ideas to preserve peace in Europe, but the British public wanted Germany to be sorely punished. To get elected again he did not side with Woodrow Wilson.
Lloyd George Becomes the British Prime Minister
By: Lawrence Volodarski
December 7 2013
In the months of August and December, the French counter-attacks were very effective and resulted in the recapture of Fort Douaumont and Fort Vaux. After a large-scale artillery bombardment, the French retook their lost territory and captured over 11, 000 German soldiers. The French won the Battle of Verdun by a small margin in terms of their losses, and several German officers had been sacked from their position because of their defeat. In the end, the battle caused an enormous amount of casualties. As per recent estimates, the battle was the source of over 700,000-980,000 deaths, with each side contributing evenly to this total. This conflict became known as one of the bloodiest and costliest fights in history.
The Battle of Verdun was fought on the Western front between the German and French forces just north of the French city of Verdun in northeastern France. The battle was launched by the Germans as an attempt to “bleed the French dry” but lasted for nine months of inconclusive fighting. By the end of February, the Germans had created a strategy that included attacks on the city of Verdun and the right bank of the Meuse. The French troops began to gather in Verdun and by the start of March had stationed over 20 military divisions in the area.
At around March 29, the French artillery heavily bombarded the German infantry and the battle was in full swing. The German troops were able to make substantial advances, but their attacks were well contained by the French defenses. After carefully alternating attacks, the Germans captured Fort Vaux in June. However, the German forces had been slightly reduced, as artillery and infantry had been reallocated to Somme as reinforcements. From June 23-August 17, the region of Fleury changed hands 16 times. In early July, the Germans made their final push to capture Fort Souville, but suffered a hefty amount of casualties from the French counter-Attacks. The German army was now drastically reduced, but there were attempts to deceive the French into anticipating larger attacks, which would result in more troops stationed in Verdun, but less in Somme.
By: Anik Babul
The Battle of Verdun
February 21-December, 1916
Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was fought between the British and French forces and the German forces. The Allies had already made a commitment to military divisions in the Somme since 1915, and made plans for a Somme offensive with contributions from France, Britain, and Italy. As the Battle of Verdun had just started, a large portion of the French forces was diverted to Verdun. Therefore, the British took on a more dominant role in the fight.
The first day of the battle saw Germany be pushed back far past their line of defense. However, the British also lost over 60, 000 soldiers on the first day. All of Newfoundland’s military had been killed. The most notable part of the battle was the use of the first tank. Air forces were also an important part of the battle. After almost 5 months of brutal fights in “no man’s land”, the exhausted German forces withdrew and the battle came to a stop.
July 1-November 18, 1916
The allies only gained six miles of land, failing to reach their goals. British General Douglas Haig is often criticized for organizing the attack in such a costly manner. A major member of the Allied Forces was Canada, who fought very well in this battle, but also suffered many casualties. This battle is known today as one of the bloodiest in the history of mankind and was known as “Das Blutbad”, or the bloodbath, in Germany. Over 1 million men were killed in the Battle of the Somme.
By: Anik Babul
The Battle of Tannenberg
The Battle of Tannenberg was an engagement between the Russian and the German Empires in the first days of World War One. This battle took place in East Prussia, in the Eastern Front. Russia’s Second Army, commanded by Paul von Rennenkampf, (consisting of 206,000 men) fought against Germany’s Eighth army, led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludenorff which consisted of 166,000 men. The battle of Tannenberg was fought between August 26 1914 and August 30 1914. Even though this battle only lasted five days, it was Russia’s worst defeat due to the number of men lost in battle. In fact, the Russian army didn’t fully recover from its loss of men until the spring of 1915 (the following spring)
This Battle resulted in many casualties and losses. For the Russians, about 50,000 people were either killed or wounded and 500 guns were captured. For the Germans, 5,000 people were killed and 7,000 people were wounded
Paul von Rennenkampf
Russian Prisoners after The Battle of Tannenberg
Early 1916- Winston Churchill
The Winston Churchill was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from the years 1940- 1945. He Widely regarded as he was one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century. Churchill was born into the aristocratic family, of the Dukes of Marlborough. They are a branch of the Spencer family. Churchill’s father (Lord Randolph Churchill) was a politician who served Chancellor of the Exchequer. His mother, (Jennie Jerome), was an American socialite, as a young army office. He gained his fame as a war correspondent and also wrote many books about his people.
April 1916- Romanian enters war
In the year 1916, after Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary, formally entering World War 1, Romanian armies cross the border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire into Transylvania, to declare war. As Romanian armies opened a front of the war in Transylvania, all the British forces pressured Germany at the Somme River, and Austria faltered against Russia in the east side. Transylvania was ethically Romanian, but it was part of Hungary at the time. By attacking Transylvania, Romania opened a new front. Erich von Falkenhayen and August von Mackensen worked together, commanding the German effort against Romania. Eventually Germany defeated Romania and Romania had to sign a peace treaty where it lost land. The Treaty of Versailles reversed the land lost and also gave the much desired of Transylvania back to Romania.
The first Zeppelins appeared over the English coast. A zeppelin is a large German dirigible airship of the early 20th century, long and cylindrical in shape and with a rigid framework. Zeppelins looked like very air blimps in the air. Zeppelins were used during World War I for reconnaissance and bombing. Bombing raids cause would cause large damage if they had hit.Ferdinand von Zeppelin became interested in constructing a balloon that he called the “Zeppelin” after the Franco-Prussian war. Zeppelins were used mainly for raids during battles during the war, and some were even used to transport weapons and materials. The Zeppelin could fly at about 21 kilometres in 1 hour. It flew at about 390 metres from sea level. However, Zeppelins were not very accurate because only 10% of their bombs actually hit their targets. Zeppelins were used in most wars after the Franco-Prussian war.
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Japan declared war on Germany
In the first week of World War I Japan proposed to the United Kingdom, its ally since 1902, that Japan would enter the war if it could take Germany's Pacific territories. On 7 August 1914, the British government officially asked Japan for assistance in destroying the German raiders of the Kaiserliche Marine in and around Chinese waters. Japan sent Germany an ultimatum on 14 August 1914, which went unanswered; Japan then formally declared war on Germany on 23 August 1914.
Japanese Sea Carrier
The Serbian army fought the Battle of Cer against the invading Austrians, beginning on 12 August, occupying defensive positions on the south side of the Drina and Sava rivers. Over the next two weeks Austrian attacks were thrown back with heavy losses, which marked the first major Allied victory of the war and dashed Austrian hopes of a swift victory. As a result, Austria had to keep sizable forces on the Serbian front, weakening its efforts against Russia. Because of the help given by Turkey to the German attack of Russia, Russia declared war on Turkey.
Russia declared war on Turkey
On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Russia supported Serbia, making the war delayed. After the war, this made Germany warn Russia, still only partially mobilized, that to continue to attack against Austria-Hungary would mean war with Germany. When Russia refused to Germany's demands, Germany started to begin its own mobilization. Germany then declared war on the czarist empire on August 1st. France and Britain then supported Russia. On August 2nd, the first German army units crossed into Luxembourg as part of a long-planned German strategy to invade France through neutral Belgium. This started the declaration of war between Germany and France.
Germany declared war on Russia
Resources for the Treaty of Versailles and the armistice signed
Introduction to 1918
The war in1918 begins to calm down, 1918 starts of with the Battle of Amines, than the making of the Royal Air Force, The Kaiser Abducted, the Hindenburg Line, the armistice with turkey, the armistice signed, and lastly, the Treaty of Versailles
Conclusion of 1918
The Battle of the Amines brought a harsh start to 1918, but as the year progressed, the war started to end, and as the armistice was signed and the treaty of Versailles was put into place, the war came to and end, but in just 2 decades after this war lead to the terrifying war- World War II
Duffy Michael(August 22nd, 2009) Feature Articles- Armistice Retrieved: December 13th, 2013 from:
Unknown Author(2010) Treaty of Versailles, Retrieved: December 16th, 2013 from:
Unknown Author(2010) Treaty of Versailles, Retrieved: December 16th, 2013 from:
Resources for Turkey Armistice
Unkown Author (2012)Turks send British officer to renegotiate armistice terms. Retrieved December 11th, 2013 from:
Duffy Michael(August 22nd, 2009), Time line- 1918 Retrieved: December 9th, 2013 from:
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