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Judaism Over the Centuries

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Ria Nambiar

on 24 December 2015

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Transcript of Judaism Over the Centuries

Some Jews chose not to leave Jerusalem
After 60 years of the capture of Masada the Jews began another revolt
Once again, the Roman army defeated the Jews
After this rebellion in 130's the Romans banned all Jews from Jerusalem
If any Jew was caught in or near the city they would be killed
Jewish migration increased throughout the Mediterranean region increased
Traditions and Holy Days
Listen up! This will be on the test and… We have a super fun activity planned for you all!

Revolt Against Rome
The Zealots didn't think that the Jews should answer to anyone but God
They refused to listen to Roman officials
They urged Jews to rise up against the Romans
In 66 AD the Jews revolted
In the end the revolt against Romans was not successful
The Revolt lasted for 4 years and caused terrible damage
At the end, Jerusalem lay in ruins
Romans burned the Second Temple in 70 AD
About 1,000 Zealots locked themselves in a mountain fortress called Masada
Romans sent 15,000 soldiers to capture these Zealots
When the Romans broke through the Masada's wall they refused to be Roman slaves
Please no...
Talking
Reading
Writing
Messing with stuff
Not paying attention to the presentation
Questions until the end
STUPID QUESTIONS

Judaism Over the Centuries
By: Mia#10, Ria#17, Ishita #22

Result of the Revolt
After the capture of the Masada in 73 AD, the revolt was over
Romans killed most of Jerusalem's population
They took most of surviving Jews to Rome as slaves
The Romans took over the city
Thousands of Jews left Jerusalem after the destruction of the Second Temple
Most moved to Jewish communities in other parts of the Roman Empire
One common place was Alexandria in Egypt which had a large Jewish community
Passover
Jews in Spain and Portugal
Revolt, Defeat, Migration
A Second Revolt
Migration and Discrimination
Two Cultural Traditions
The Jews in Eastern Europe
Hanukkah
High Holy Days
Vocabulary
1.

Zealots
- Radical Jews who supported
rebellion against the Romans

2.
Rabbis
- religious teachers

3.
Passover
- A holiday in which Jews
remember the Exodus

4.
High Holy Days
- The two most sacred days of
Jewish religious observance -Rosh Hashanah and
Yom Kipper
T
H
E

E
N
D
!

Today, We will be playing an advanced version of musical chairs.
1. You will pace around the class while the music plays while we take away 3-5 chairs.
2.When you get out, we will ask you questions about this lesson. The first person to get it right will get candy.
3. When you get out stand near the chairs.
4.The last person who survives is the winner and gets
SPECIAL
prize.

GOOD LUCK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
ACTIVITY
THE WINNER IS...
Teachings of Judaism helped unite the Jews
After the conquest of Israel by the Romans many events threatened to tear the society
One threat to the Jewish society was the foreign rule
Many Jews in Jerusalem had grown tired of the foreign rule
The Jews thought if they could regain their independence they could recreate the kingdom of Israel
The Jews that were not living in Jerusalem their nature of Judaism changed
The Jews no longer had a single temple to worship
Leaders called rabbis had a greater role in guiding Jews in their religious life
They were responsible for interpreting the Torah and teaching
Yohanan ben Zaccai taught Judaism and taught them to be rabbis
Jews moved out of the Mediterranean region to other parts of the world
Jews were forced to leave by other religious groups who discriminated against them
Some Jews settled in Asia, Russia, and much later the United States
Jewish communities developed all around the world
Jews everywhere shared the same belief of Judaism
Communities in various parts of the world had different customs
The communities in different parts of the world began to develop different languages, rituals, and culture
The differences led to the creation of the two main cultural traditions that still last today
One of the two main traditions is Ashkenazim
It is made up of descendents of Jews who moved to France, Germany, and eastern Europe
These Jews had communities separate from non- Jewish communities
They developed customs that were unlike those of their neighbors
They developed their own language, Yiddish
Yiddish is similar to to German but is written in the Hebrew alphabet
Another Jewish cultural tradition developed during the Diaspora in Spain and Portugal
The descendents of Jews there are called the Sephardim
Their language,Ladino, is a mix of Spanish, Hebrew, and Arabic
The Sephardim mixed with the region's non-Jewish residents
Sephardic religious and cultural practices borrowed elements from other cultures.
Sephardim produced a golden age in Jewish culture in AD 1000's and 1100's
Jewish poets wrote beautiful works in Hebrew and other languages
Hebrew scholars made great advances in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and philosophy
Jewish culture is one of the oldest in the world
Jews feel a strong connection with the past and feel that understanding their history will help them better follow Jewish teachings
Their traditions and holy days help them understand and celebrate history
One Jewish tradition that is celebrated by people is Hanukkah, which falls in December
It honors re-dedication of the Second Temple during the revolt of the Maccabees
The Maccabees wanted to celebrate a great victory that the non-Jewish rulers convinced them to keep their religion
According to legend, the Maccabees didn't have enough lamp oil to perform re-dedication ceremony
Miraculously,the oil they had enough to burn for one day, burned for eight full days
Jews celebrate this event by lighting candles in a special candle holder called a menorah
Its eight branches represent the eight days through which the oil gets burned
Jews also exchange gifts on the each of the eight nights
Passover is celebrated in March or April
During Passover Jews eat only matzo, a flat, unrisen bread
They also celebrate the holy day with ceremonies and a ritual meal called sedar
During the sedar, participants recall and reflect upon the events of the Exodus
They take place each year in September or October
The first two days of the celebration, Rosh Hashanah, celebrate the beginning of a new year in the Jewish calender
On Yom Kipper which falls soon afterward, Jews ask God to forgive their sins
Jews consider Yom Kipper to be the holiest day of the entire year
Since it is so holy, Jews don't eat or drink anything for the entire day
Many of the ceremonies they preform for Yom Kipper date back to the days of the Second Temple
These ceremonies help many Jews feel more connected to their long past/ to the days of Abraham and Moses
Full transcript