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Staph and MRSA
Transcript of Staph and MRSA
do to you? As mentioned previously, it can cause many life-threatening diseases, including: Toxic Shock Syndrome Abscesses Blood poisoning A form of pneumonia Most cases of infectious arthritis Staph also causes many less serious conditions, including: Styes Pink eye Bloody diarrhea And less serious skin infections: Boils and impotigo Scalded Skin Syndrome Staph of the species staphylococcus aureus are a very common cause of: Pus-filled boils Infection of cuts and wounds in the skin Internal infections after surgery Most blood poisoning 60% of all cases of osteomyelitis Toxic shock syndrome This is staphylococcus aureus. Staph bacteria attack in a variety of ways: Once inside a cut or wound, they secrete toxic substances "Sounds like a nasty disease, huh? Well, there's more, and that's why I'm here to tell you about it." "The world is coming closer to doom everyday, and with so many recent and and serious cases lately, I'm here to help you become more aware of what staph and MRSA, (a type of staph), can do to you and how to prevent them. "MRSA. Here's what I'm here to tell you about. It stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus." "Methicillin is an antibiotic. But MRSA is not just resistant to methicillin. It's resistant to all of the common and even some of the rare antibiotics." "How has MRSA become resistant?" MRSA has become resistant to common antibiotics due to decades of often unnecessary antibiotic use. For years, antibiotics were prescribed for colds, flu, and other viral infections that don't respond to these drugs. Even when antibiotics are used correctly, they contribute to the rise of drug-resistant bacteria because they don't destroy every germ they target. Quoting the Mayo Clinic, "Bacteria live on an evolutionary fast track, so germs that survive treatment with one antibiotic soon learn to resist others." MRSA is resistant to certain antibiotics called beta-lactams. These antibiotics include methicillin, oxacillin, penicillin, and maoxicillin. In the community most MRSA infections are skin infections. However, in healthcare settings, more severe or life-threatening infections occur most frequently among patients. " So you told me about staph in general, and about MRSA being resistant, but what does MRSA do?" "Right. This may take a while." Infections start as small red bumps that resemble pimples, boil, or spider bites They can quickly turn into deep, painful abscesses that require surgical draining Sometimes the bacteria remain confined to the skin, but they could burrow deep into the body, causing potentially life-threatening infections in: Bones Joints Surgical wounds The bloodstream Heart valves Lungs Most MRSA infections occur in health care settings (When it occurs in these settings, it's known as health care-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) HA-MRSA infections are generally associated with invasive procedures or devices, such as: Surgeries Intravenous, (or inside the veins), tubing Artificial joints Another type of MRSA occurs among healthy people It's called community associated MRSA, or CA-MRSA It starts as a painful skin boil, and it's spread by skin-to-skin contact "This looks bad" "It is. For humans." "How do you treat it? If MRSA's such a terrible disease, how do I know that I'll survive if I get it?" "Treatment options. Well... A study led by R. Monina Klevens of the CDC found that: Invasive MRSA infections were more common than health experts had thought In the U.S. in 2005 there had been about 94,000 cases of invasive MRSA which resulted in about 19,000 deaths. Both health care-associated and community-associated strains of MRSA still respond to certain antibiotics In some cases, antibiotics may not be necessary: For example, doctors may drain an abscess caused by MRSA rather than treat the infection with drugs If you want to prevent MRSA, all you need to do is follow a few simple steps, including: Washing hands Keeping wounds covered And other easy examples of proper hygiene Well, that's not really so bad. I mean, MRSA is a horrible disease, but it's not hard to prevent." "Yes. There are very few diseases that can't be cured by positive attitude, high awareness, and fear of Chuck Norris." "Yes, of course." "Your honor, thank you for coming into the studio today!" "Thank you for having me here." This has been a Dr. Daniel "Chuck Norris" Burgess presentation Thank you for watching! 2013 Channel e Productions A news reporter interviewing Dr. Daniel Burgess, (Chuck Norris).