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Personality

Lesson 16/17
by

Jason Whetten

on 31 October 2018

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Transcript of Personality

Personality
This lesson you will...
Define personality
Act as Freudian Psychoanalysts
Compare the types of Unconscious
Define Psychosexual stages
Explain Defense Mechanisms
Evaluate Projective Tests

What is Personality?
Defense Mechanisms
Ego Protecting Itself
Trait Theory
Humanistic Theory
Focus on the Healthy
Lesson
16/17
Therapy
What does therapy look like?
ID, EGO, &
SUPEGO
Personality Development
Sex is defines as any process that involves the build-up of tension, followed by an action to relieve or release the tension

For example: Sneeze, Orgasm, Bowel Movement, or scratching an itch.
Psychosexual Stages
Psychosexual Stages
Fixation: Continued attempts to meet the needs of a previous stage, OR attempting to use tension reduction strategies that worked in previous stages to reduce tension in current stage.
What causes a fixation?
ORAL

Neo-Freudianism
Psycho-social not sexual
Collective Unconscious
ASSESSING
the
Unconscious
Be a

Psychoanalyst
Modern Research
VALID?
Social-Cognitive Theory
Personality is the product of traits and environment
We choose different environments
We react differently to environments
We create different environments
THE SELF
Self-Esteem

Self-Efficacy

Overall Worth
Competence on a task
SPOTLIGHT EFFECT
SELF-SERVING BIAS
Individualistic Culture
VS
Collectivist Culture
PERSONALITY
Collectivism:
Trustworthy, Honest, Generous, and Sensitive
Individualism:
Assertive, Strong, Independent
Characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior
ANAL
PHALLIC
LATENT
GENITAL
Repression
Regression
Reaction Formation
Projection
Rationalization
Displacement
Denial
Sublimation
iClicker Review
Charles, a married heterosexual male, is sitting at the mall when a woman walks by and he can't help but stare. Which of the following "voices" in his would be voiced by the ID?
A. You can look, but don't touch
B. You FOUL CHEATING MONSTER! You shouldn't even look at another woman!
C. You should get with that, who cares what your wife thinks

Superego?
Ego?
iClicker Review
June has to have constant control over her life at all times and resents people telling her what to do. June is fixated in what psychosexual stage?
A. Oral
B. Anal
C. Phallic
D. Genital
iClicker Review
Dorothy deep down LOVES donuts. However, her ego keeps her on a very strict diet to please her superego's desire for thinness. Dorothy's partner Stephanie eats donuts occasionally and Dorothy is constantly telling at her such a fat slob and Steph's desire for donuts means that she is weak.
What Defense Mechanism is Dorothy demonstrating?
A. Projection
B. Reaction Formation
C. Displacement
D. Regression
E. Denial
Is Personality Stable Across a Lifetime?
Evidence?
Or Does Personality change based on situation?
If we change so much based on the situation, does personality really even exist?
What do these men have in common?
Born in 1954 or 1955
Personality? or just situation?
Situation:
Military post with a very ambiguous chain of command
Leaders are not visible or active
Lack of training or preparation
Lack of Discipline (little uniforms, no saluting, etc.)
High Psychological stress
High Level of Boredom
ABU GHRAIB
Bottom Line:
Differences in wealth, education, career, all based on situations you were in
Anyone can achieve anything if they are in the right situation
No blame for people who were in the wrong situation
What points from this argument can we agree on?

What are some problems with this argument?
Person - Situation Debate
A. Everyone changes from situation to situation and therefore there is no overarching "personality" that remains stable

B. We all have a stable personality that is manifest differently based on the situation. This personality becomes more consistent as we age
Twin Studies
How do they work?
The Jim Twins
Global Twins
At 39 years old:
Both married to a woman named Betty
after divorcing a woman name Linda
Both had sons named James Alan(Allan)
Pet dog names "Toy"
Law enforcement training
Part-time deputy in Ohio
Bad at spelling, good at math
Carpentry, block lettering, mechanical drawing

Vacationed on same beach in Florida
Tension headaches
Height and weight
Train set in basement
Genes?
Oskar and Jack
Raised in Germany (Nazi Youth) or Raised in the Caribbean (Jew)
When they first met:
Both wearing same glasses and shirt
Like spicy food and sweet liquors
Absentminded
Fall asleep watching TV
Think its funny to sneeze in a crowd
Flush the toilet before using it
Store rubber bands on their wrist
Read magazines back to front
Dip toast in coffee
Same "tempo and temperament"
Nurture/ Situation
Nature/ Personality
What do we actually know
when we say that we "know"
a person?
Sigmund Freud
Value of Psychoanalysis
What have you heard?
Talk Therapy
Unconscious Thought
So... Personality is real...
How do we assess it?
Which you is the real you?
Self Report
Others Report
Environmental Reports
So... What are we going to do?!
What are our priorities?
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
What is self-actualization?
How do we get there?
Describe this Object
Brain Matching
Medulla

Cerebellum

Basal Ganglia

Thalamus

Hypothalamus

Frontal Lobe


Logic and Thinking

Sensory Router

Four F's

Breathing, Heartbeat

Balance and Smooth Movement

Movement
Imagine that you took a trip with some friends. You traveled down a winding road in the mountains. You got car sick while traveling on this road. While riding in the car, you ate an apple. Now, you have nausea when you see an apple. You do not eat apples anymore.
What is the Neutral Stimulus?
What is the Conditioned Response?
Review
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rorschach_test
Change in Midterm Grade
53/60 or 88%
Give the Average
Thoughts?
iClicker
Which of the "Big 5" has to do with being unorganized and late all the time?
A. Openness
B. Conscientiousness
C. Extroversion
D. Agreeableness
E. Neuroticism
https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html
IAT Test
Psychic Determinism
Big FIVE Correlations:
Higher Conscientiousness = better health
Higher Neuroticism = more depression, more careful of germs
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Openness Predict grades
Best Romantic Partner?
Low Neuroticism
High Agreeableness
High Conscientiousness
High Extroversion
Low Agreeableness and Low Openness = More Prejudice
What about Dog Preference?
Low Agreeableness, High Conscientiousness, and High Neuroticism = Aggressive Dogs (Pit Bull or Boxer)
What about Movie Preference?
High Neuroticism = Sci Fi and Soap Operas
High Openness = more foreign films and intellectual documentaries
High Agreeableness = avoid action movies, prefer romantic comedies
High Extroversion = less TV overall, more reality TV
What about Myers-Briggs?
There's an APP for that!
Five-Factor Model
of Personality
Full transcript