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Greek heroes

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Katarzyna Wasylak

on 30 June 2016

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Transcript of Greek heroes

Greek heroes
Prometheus
Sphinx's riddle
"What goes on four feet in the morning, two feet at noon, and three feet in the evening?"
Deadalus and Icarus
Oedipus

Delphi oracle
Orpheus
Achilles
Jason
Odysseus
"A thing there is whose voice is one;
Whose feet are four and two."
What gets wetter and wetter the more it dries?
Towel

You throw away the outside and cook the inside. Then you eat the outside and throw away the inside. What did you eat?
A chicken.

What can you catch but not throw?
A cold.

I can run but not walk. Wherever I go, thought follows close behind. What am I?
A nose.

What goes around the world but stays in a corner?
A stamp.
Give me food, and I will live; give me water, and I will die. What am I?
Fire.
The man who invented it doesn't want it. The man who bought it doesn't need it. The man who needs it doesn't know it. What is it?
A coffin.
Other riddles:
Compose your own riddle about one of the Greek heroes/their adventures.
It shouldn't be longer than 3 lines.
Odysseus and the Cyclops Part II
Truth of Troy: Trojan War Story
The Storyteller Greek Myths (1990) S01 EP01 (Greek Sub)
Aristotle's definition of tragedy:
“A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with in­cidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.”
The elements of tragedy:
1.
Imitation
-(mimesis)-the attempt to capture the essence of reality in artificial form.

2.
Pity
-(eleos)-the feeling of pain one experiences when watching others suffer.

3.
Fear
-(phobos)-the sense of panic or loss of self in terror

4.
Purgation
-(catharsis)-
the purification and purgation of emotions—especially pity and fear—through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration.
Catharsis
a personal error in a protagonist’s personality that brings about his tragic downfall in a tragedy. This defect in a hero’s personality is also known as a
“tragic flaw."

Aristotle used the word in his “Poetics” where it is taken as
a mistake or error in judgment.

The term envelops wrongdoings which may be
accidental or deliberate.

One of the classic hamartia examples is where a hero wants to achieve something but, while doing so, he commits an intentional or accidental error and he ends up
achieving exactly the opposite with disastrous results
. Such a downfall is often marked by a reversal of fortune.
HAMARTIA
Hubris
A typical example of hamartia in tragedies is “hubris” which is
excessive pride and ego
in
a hero’s character which ultimately brings his tragic downfall in a tragedy.
In Greek tragedies, the
“hubristic” actions
of a hero, in a powerful position, cause his shame and humiliation.
Niobe, Arachne, etc.
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