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Code Breakers of WW1

A history of the beginning of scientific espionage
by

Amy Renne

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Code Breakers of WW1

CRYPTOGRAPHY
: The art of coding

CRYPTANALYSIS
: Process of deciphering code messages

Before World War I Code breaking was not essential
World War I essentially created "Signals Intelligence"
Accelerated race between code breakers and makers
WHAT IS CODE BREAKING?
CAUSES
Utilization and inception of wireless communication
Military reliance on cyphered correspondence
Absence of formal code breaking operations
EFFECTS
ROOM 40, LONDON 1914
INFLUENCES
Birthed intellectual warfare
Took war off the fronts
Thwarted major political and military strategies
Decreased suffering
FUTURE IMPACTS
Prevented further casualties
Established the world of espionage
Escalation of coding technology
Led to programming and computerization
World War II
WORKS CITED
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_cryptography
http://www.vectorsite.net/ttcode_04.html
http://51713941.weebly.com/history-of-cryptology.html
http://eandt.theiet.org/magazine/2014/06/the-first-intelligence-war.cfm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/enigma_01.shtml
http://histclo.com/essay/war/ww1/intel/com/si/w1sic-brit.html
http://www.militarian.com/threads/room-40-ww1.6956/
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26963624
http://www.uboat.net/wwi/
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germans-unleash-u-boats
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-one/10531084/Secrets-of-Kents-WW1-German-u-boat.html
THE ENIGMA, 1920
GERMAN U-BOAT, 1914
ZIMMERMANN TELEGRAM, 1917
Arthur Zimmermann's telegram to Mexico is intercepted
Proposal to break blockade with "unrestricted submarine warfare"
Proposed that Mexico invade US
US declares war on Germany
German expertise in coding
British Navy recovery of U-boat Code books
Was main conflict in giving supplies to Russians
Large role in the Zimmerman Telegraph
Invented 1918 by German engineer Arthur Scherbius
One of the earliest forms of a computer
Made encryption faster and more efficient
Led to the invention of the Colossus WW2
Established by Alfred Ewing for Admiralty
Resulted from seize of Handelsschiffscerkehrsbuch (HVB)
Developed Pianola, Flowcharting, and Direction Finding Radio Equipment
Tracked location of U-Boats, intercepted and decoded telegrams
Full transcript