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Code Breakers of WW1
Transcript of Code Breakers of WW1
: The art of coding
: Process of deciphering code messages
Before World War I Code breaking was not essential
World War I essentially created "Signals Intelligence"
Accelerated race between code breakers and makers
WHAT IS CODE BREAKING?
Utilization and inception of wireless communication
Military reliance on cyphered correspondence
Absence of formal code breaking operations
ROOM 40, LONDON 1914
Birthed intellectual warfare
Took war off the fronts
Thwarted major political and military strategies
Prevented further casualties
Established the world of espionage
Escalation of coding technology
Led to programming and computerization
World War II
THE ENIGMA, 1920
GERMAN U-BOAT, 1914
ZIMMERMANN TELEGRAM, 1917
Arthur Zimmermann's telegram to Mexico is intercepted
Proposal to break blockade with "unrestricted submarine warfare"
Proposed that Mexico invade US
US declares war on Germany
German expertise in coding
British Navy recovery of U-boat Code books
Was main conflict in giving supplies to Russians
Large role in the Zimmerman Telegraph
Invented 1918 by German engineer Arthur Scherbius
One of the earliest forms of a computer
Made encryption faster and more efficient
Led to the invention of the Colossus WW2
Established by Alfred Ewing for Admiralty
Resulted from seize of Handelsschiffscerkehrsbuch (HVB)
Developed Pianola, Flowcharting, and Direction Finding Radio Equipment
Tracked location of U-Boats, intercepted and decoded telegrams