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The New World

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lib hist

on 29 September 2015

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Transcript of The New World

Prince Henry The Navigator- Born on March 4, 1394 in Portugal was known for his achievements in exploration. He had many tools to navigate himself through the ocean. For example, he invented the caraval. The caraval was the ship of its time because it cut through the wind and waves and made it easy to steer. He often sailed to Africa for spices and other goods.

Africa- A large continent south of Europe with many deserts, savannahs, and dry climates. Along with many beaches along the coastline.
Marco Polo- Born in Italy on September 8, 1254. And no, he is not the game in the pool. He was an explorer who traveled from Venice to China by camel. It took him three years just to get there! But he did take note of some really cool stuff. He came back to Venice many years after the trip and had a book of information that would change the world forever. The book was called "Travels". People around the world was learn how to read just to get their hands on that book.

China- Is large country in Asia. It is also home to some of the oldest known civilization on planet Earth. It also holds some amazing architecture and plants.
Leif Eriksson- Born in the year 970 in Iceland, was a viking who sailed from Iceland to what is now known as Canada. He is the first known explorer to sail to North America, though he did not stay there very long. Until the 1400's, he was the only known explorer to land in North America

Iceland- Is a country with lots of grass and vegetation. Ironically it has almost no ice. It is located north of Europe.
Jacques Cartier- Born on December 31, 1491 in France, Cartier is known for making trips to Present day Canada and the United States. He is also the one who gave Canada its name. He is basically the Christopher Columbus of Canada. Cartier was in search for gold, spices, and other riches.He made multiple voyages in search of those jewels. But on his last voyage, he got too cold overnight and fled back to France, leaving his 100 plus men stranded in modern day Quebec.

Canada- A large country that borders the US to the north. Canadians are known for their patriotism and their love for hockey.
Christopher Columbus- Born in Italy on October 22, 1451, believed that he could reach Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic ocean. In the middle of one of his journeys, he came upon new land that many believed was not Asia. They spent years in the "New World" observing all of the objects and cultures that were not known in Europe at the time. He then began to bring back goods and trade with Spain and the surrounding countries. That soon became known as the Colombian Exchange. He is credited for being the first explorer to come across South America.

Caribbean- The Caribbean is a chain of islands between North and South America. They are to many exotic and beautiful plants and animals.
Spanish soldiers and their horses wore armor made of steel. The steel protected the soldiers from enemy weapons but was heavy and hard to wear.
This ship was called the caravel and it became the work-horse of many European explorers. It included triangular sails which enabled the caravel to sail into the wind, a large center rudder that made quick turns possible, and a smooth rounded hull that handled high seas well.
A compass works by detecting the Earths natural magnetic fields. The magnetic compass helped explorers by showing them which direction to go in, to find their destination.

The astrolabe was a device that enabled navigators to learn their ships location by charting the position of the stars. This device made it possible for sailors to travel the open seas without landmarks to guide them.
This technology called an hourglass, helped keep track of time.
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