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RUAE - Word Choice

by

Rebecca Phenix

on 2 November 2016

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Transcript of RUAE - Word Choice

RUAE: Word Choice
Learning Intentions:
Journalist
Thrifty
Newshound
Penny-pinching
Word Choice
is extremely when communicating ideas.
Success Criteria:
Today I am learning:
The importance of word choice to a writer
How to approach a
word choice question
To develop my
ability to analyse
I know I will have achieved this if:
I can clearly explain the connotations of words
I am gaining full marks on word choice questions
Connotation
Denotation
Vs
Ideas
Images
Feelings
Actual 'dictionary'
definition
EFFECTS
For example:
A mammal from South or Central America having hook-like toes on each foot to enable them to hang upside down on trees and feed on leaves and fruit.
SLOTH
2014:
National 5 past papers
2015:
Identify Choice Words
Explain Effect
Key:
Asylum seeker?
Refugee?
Immigrant?
Migrant?
Words imply so much meaning
Group Task:
thin, slim, lanky, skinny, gaunt, slender

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

aggressive, assertive, domineering, dynamic, pushy, forceful

________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

shrewd, egg-head, bright, clever, brilliant, cunning, smart,
intelligent, brainy

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____


Can you rank these words from the most positive to negative?
Word choice is important because the writer is trying to communicate ideas and give us particular impressions about someone/something. Therefore, words are specifically chosen.
In close reading
(For a particular effect)
Identify the word which is not 'neutral' but suggests meaning.

Explain the connotations/meaning
"The policeman
strolled
into the house".

The key word here is
strolled
as the writer could have chosen walked, marched or charged.
Q) Why did the writer choose
strolled
?
What impression does this give?




Q) How would the meaning change if the writer had choosen
'charged'?

What connotations does this have?
Top Tips for answering a word choice questions.
Once you have identifed a key word ask yourself...why
this
word, of all the possible available words. What makes it so... special?



It helps to
compare
this word to a more
neutral
word. E.g. Why 'sprinted' instead of 'jogged'?
Formula
Word Choice example
"A street urchin gnawed on the remains of a hamburger he retrieved from the bin. "
1. Identify word:
"Gnawed"

2. Definition (denotation):
means to nibble or chew.

3. Connotations:
This has connotations of an animal eating extremely quickly and almost labouring over the food.


4. The feeling/attitude this suggests:
Implying that the child ate in an animalistic fashion.
Q) How does the writer's use of word choice help you understand how the child ate?
Whole Class Exemplar
"The kitten's eyes sparkled as
it rolled over in a fluffy ball."
Q) Show how the writer's word choice creates an attractive picture of the kitten.
Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
Whole Class Exemplar
Q) Show how the writer's word choice conveys the sadness of the writer.
Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"I mourn the end of summer
and the arrival of autumn."
Whole Class Exemplar
Q) What impression of the brother is given in this sentence through word choice?

Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"My brother tackled the bullies like a dragon slayer."

Whole Class Exemplar
"As well as being resourceful, ants are also capable of being highly destructive.
Most ants are carnivorous. Many prey upon termites, raiding the great mounds and doing battle with the soldiers. If they win, they devour the defenceless workers and larvae."

Q) How does the writer convey the negative aspects of ants through word choice in the paragraph?

Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
Whole Class Exemplar
"One day, a grey rat squirted out of a bag of potatoes and Henry had leapt with fright, his heart exploding in his chest.
He was afraid of a lot of things - the closet door that never stayed closed in his bedroom, spooky movies about vampires - but most of all, the rats."

Q)  What is unusual about the writer’s use of squirted in this sentence? What does this suggest about the rat's movement?

Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
This has connotations of...
This might imply...
This might suggest...
When I think of this I have ideas about...
Group Exemplar
Q) Comment on the use of drifted in this sentence.

Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"I drifted away from my parents".
Group Exemplar
Q)  Show how the writer’s use of word choice reveals that the writer struggled to get into the drysuit.


Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"As I bent, buckled and squeezed myself into the drysuit, the threat of a dose of marine indigestion seemed a poor defence against the flat-eyed terrors of the deep."

Group Exemplar
Q)   Show how the writer’s word choice conveys the way his memories returned.



Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"Childhood memories of underwater programmes on TV flooded in, mixing with books and magazines on sharks."

Individual Exemplar
Q)  How effective is the use of the word “rocketed” in the sentence above?



Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"“Oil prices have rocketed in recent years.”

Individual Exemplar
Q)  Show how the writer’s use of word choice effectly reveals the way the journalists approached the actress.


Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"The pack of reporters encircled the actress snapping questions at her, desperate for some juicy morsel of gossip."

Individual Exemplar
Q)  Show how the writer’s use of word choice reveals How the headmaster entered the classroom.


Identify: _________________________
Denotation:_______________________
_________________________________
Connotations: ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Suggests: ________________________
_________________________________
"The headmaster charged into the classroom like a raging bull."

Directions:
Change the following pink words to words that have the same denotation but a different connotation to create a different mood in the paragraph.
Make sure your new mood stays consistent throughout the paragraph.
You may need to change other words to fit the context of the new mood.
Write your new paragraph out. We should be able to identify the mood you are trying to create:
Emily
entered
the
empty
room. As she
glanced
at the
curtains
, their red colour held her eye for a moment. At first, she
failed
to
notice

the
chair

between the two windows, but as she
looked

down, she was
surprised
to find a coin in the center of the
plush

cushion. The silver
shined

from the
dark blue
velvet. Before she picked it up, she
looked
around the room in
hesitation.

Was somebody
watching?
She wasn’t sure. So it should not have been a
surprise
to her when, as she

reached
for the
coin
, she heard a
loud thud
behind her.
Emily
pushed into

the
packed

room. As she
glared
at the
drapes
, their red colour held her eye for a moment. At first, she
struggled
to
glimpse
the
sofa

between the two windows, but as she
squinted
down, she was
astonished
to find a coin in the center of a
sale
cushion. The silver
beckoned
from the
emerald
velvet. Before she picked it up, she
scrutinised
around the room with
difficulty
. Was somebody
available to help?
She wasn’t sure. So it should not have been a
shock
to her when, as she
grappled
for the
money
, she heard a
cheery "May I help you?"
behind her.
My example:
Mood?
Learning Intentions:
Success Criteria:
Today I am learning:
The importance of word choice to a writer
How to approach a
word choice question
To develop my
ability to analyse
I know I will have achieved this if:
I can clearly explain the connotations of words
I am gaining full marks on word choice questions
Comic Relief:
http://www.sqa.org.uk/files_ccc/EnglishReadingforUAESQPH.pdf
Full transcript