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History of the Catapult
Transcript of History of the Catapult
Prezi I have created on the
History of Catapults. I do
hope you learn lots about its
interesting history! Have fun,
and most importantly,
Enjoy! History of the Catapult Catapults have been around for centuries; in fact they were even around before castles!
Greece invented the crossbow, in a Greek colony called Syracuse, around 400 BC. The catapult was also invented in Greece, and was known to have been around in the first century, BC.
Over the centuries, many countries have adjusted and changed the design and structure of the catapult. Three main catapults known today that were used during medieval times were; the Trebuchet, the Ballista and the Mangonel. (More information on these catapults are explained later in the Prezi.)
Did you know….....
Alexander the Great used very large crossbows, firing 5 meter arrows to win his empire between 340 and 323 BC!
Catapults were introduced to England around 1214.
A long time ago, before modern day weapons were in use, (when catapults were used), it was proved that the catapult was the most useful weapon in war! Catapult in use
during World War I
French men firing
hand grenades across
land. Different types of Catapults The Mangonel The Mangonel was yet another
kind of Catapult, and propelled
projectiles from its massive bucket,
at the end of a collossal timber arm. The Trebuchet The Trebuchet was
another type of Catapult,
which was very big, and had
a lever and a sling. It was
able to fire very large stones,
with a weight of up to 200 pounds (about 90 kg) which could
reach distances of up to 300 yards (about 74 meters). The Ballista The Ballista was a
Catapult very much like
a giant crossbow, and
functioned using tension.
The word 'Ballista' comes
from 'Ballistes', meaning 'throw'. The Ballista The Mangonel The Trebuchet Slingshots 'Slingshots' are similar
to catapults, (in terms
of flinging an object at
something), only 'slingshots'
are not quite so harmful.
They are a lot smaller in
size, only fitting in your
pocket, and big enough to
hold in your hand when in use. Definition of a Catapult in Macquarie Junior Dictionary: The definition of a catapult in the Macquarie Junior
Dictionary today is: "A Y-shaped stick with a length
of elastic joined to the prongs, used for shooting
stones at things".
It's funny how today a Catapult is referred to as a
"slingshot"! A slingshot Modern Day Use of Catapults: Catapults are not used in War today. They
are merely used for fun, well, a majority of the
time they're used for fun! You can even make a catapult
yourself! But it is amazing how catapults were once used
as weapons in war, and how now they are used for fun!
It really just shows how catapults have changed with their
uses over the centuries. When was the last time
Catapults were used as
weapons in War? The last time Catapults
were used in war was
in World War I (1914-1918). These
Catapults threw hand grenades. World War I What's the difference between Ancient Catapults and Simple Catapults? Well for a start, it's a lot harder to build
an ancient type of catapult. Not only would
it take you at least 6 months to build, all
the materials and equipment needed would be
very hard to keep on top of. Whereas with
Simple Catapults, (one you make out of office
supplies), it would only take you about a week
to construct. Plus you'd only need pencils and
rubber bands! Simple Catapult Ancient Catapult Bibliography: www.wikipedia.org
www.stormthecastle.com/catapult/the-history-of-the-catapult.htm Thanks for Watching! Hope you learnt lots! And most of all....
I hope you enjoyed it! Thanks! By Eden term 2 2011 Here's a video
of how to make
a simple Catapult
out of office supplies! * I also used a book
called: "2000 Things You
Should Know About World History"