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Civil Rights Movement Timeine
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement Timeine
Civil Rights Movement Timeline
The thirteenth amendment was declared on April 8, 1864. It abolished slavery. The thirteenth amendment also abolished involuntary servitude. It was passed by the senate.
The fifteenth amendment prohibits the federal and state governments denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude. It was ratified on February 3, 1870. It was the last of the reconstruction amendments.
Integration of the Armed Forces
The Execution Order 9981, was an order issued on July 26, 1948. It was ordered by President Harry Truman. It abolished racial discrimination in the USA armed forces. It led to the end of segregation in the services.
Brown vs Board
Brown vs Board was a court case in which the court declared state laws for separate public schools was unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson decision of 1896. It was a very big landmark in history.
Emmett Till is murdered
An african american fourteen year old boy was murdered after reportedly flirting with a white women. It happened in Mississippi. He was visiting family. This was a tragic event in history.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is an african american civil rights organization. The first president was Martin Luther King Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Rosa parks refused to move for a white person to take her seat. She was arrested. Her actions sparked a chain of revolutionary events.
By: Scarlett Woodward
The fourteenth Amendment was one of the reconstruction Amendments. It was adopted on July 9, 1868. It addressed citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws.
Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in a "white" car of the East Louisiana Railroad. Plessy was very white, but was considered black so he was suppose to sit in the colored car. It was a decision in the jurist prudence, "separate but equal."
Plessy vs Ferguson
Southern Christen Leadership conference (SCLC) is founded
Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"
The little rock nine was created to promote the ideals of justice and equality for everyone. Little rock nine was a group of african american students who enrolled in Little Rock Central High school. There were many problems.
Greensboro Sit ins
The Greensboro sit ins were a series of nonviolent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina. The sit ins led to the Woolworth Department Store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is founded
One of the organizations of the Civil rights movement was SNCC. Student Nonviolent Coordinating committee was a large organization with many supporters in the NOrth who helped raise funds. SNCC played a major role in the sit ins and freedom rides.
More than seventy percent of africans americans voted for Kennedy. John F. Kennedy appointed african americans to high level positions in administration and strengthened Civil Rights Commission. He was assassinated during his time as president.
John F. Kennedy Becomes President
Freedom riders were civil rights activists who rode segregated public buses. They said that segregated public buses were unconstitutional. The freedom rides and the violent actions they provoked, called attention to the disregard for the federal law.
Interrogation of the University of Mississippi "James Meredith"
The Ole Miss riot of 1962 was fought between southern segregationist civilians and federal forces. This was a result of James Meredith enrolling into the University of Mississippi. James Meredith was the first black student at the University of Mississippi.
MLK arrested and jailed in Birmingham, Alabama "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"
Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for demonstrating without a permit. MLK was jailed for eleven days. During that time, MLK wrote his famous letter"Letter from a Birmingham Jail"
March on Washington DC "I have a Dream" speech
The march on Washington was for jobs and freedoms. Martin Luther King gave his famous speech "I had a Dream" at the Lincoln Memorial. He called for an end to racism in the United States. There were 250,000 citizens there.
16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed
The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism. The explosion killed four young girls, and injured twenty two other people. This marked a turning point in the united states civil rights movement. It helped support the Civil Rights Act of 1964
John F. Kennedy assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President
John F. Kennedy was assassinated at 12:30 pm at Dealy Plaza by Lee Oswald. Lyndon B. Johnson became president after the assassination of JFK. Johnson served two years as president.
Twenty Fourth Amendment "Poll Tax abolished"
The twenty fourth amendment prohibits both congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax. This amendment was proposed in1962, It was ratified in 1964.
Voting Rights Act 1964 passed
The Civil Rights act outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national , and religious minorities, and women.It also ended unfair voter registration and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and public facilities. The act was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964.
Three civil rights workers murdered in Mississippi
James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Micheal Schwemer shot at close range by members of the Mississippi White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. The three had been working on the "Freedom Summer" campaign. They were trying to let african americans vote.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
The voting rights act prohibits discrimination in voting. was signed by Lyndon B. Johnson. Congress later amended the act five times to expand its protection.
Selma to Montgomery Marches
They were attempts to march from Selma to Montgomery. It was three marches. During the first march marchers were attacked by police with tear gas and clubs. The second march attempt ended with the marchers turning around. The marchers finally made it to Montgomery on their third march attempt.
Malcolm X is shot to death
Malcolm X was the 34Th leader of a militant black nationalist movement. He was shot to death on February 21st at Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom by Talmadge Hayer. Malcolm X was shot 21 times
Black Panthers are founded
Black Panthers was a black revolutionary socialist organization. It was founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. It called for protection of black neighborhoods from police brutality
Stokely Carmichael coins the phrase "Black Power"
Stokely Carmichealwas a civil rights activist and national chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. In a speech in Mississippi he coined the term black power. "Black Power" is race pride.
Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated
Marin Luther King was a leader of the african american civil rights movement. He won the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel on April 4, 1968 by James E. Ray
Civil Rights Act of 1968
It provides equal housing opportunities, regardless of race, creed, or national origin. It made it illegal to threaten, injure, intimidate or interfere anyone because of race, color, religion, or national origin. The act was signed by Lyndon B. Johnson.