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5 Events that Shaped Canada's Identity
Transcript of 5 Events that Shaped Canada's Identity
Juno Beach #3
We learned about Juno Beach in our 1930s to World War II unit. Juno was the code name chosen randomly for a five-mile stretch of coastline in Normandy, France. The Allies stormed the beaches of Normandy on D-Day June 6th 1944, with a force of 150 000 men to get to the fortified area behind the beach. This primary source is a video that was taken on D-Day and it showcases the Canadian soldiers landing on the coast of Normandy. The video is important because it shows the Canadian troops who were going to fight against the German soldiers, helping the Allies win the Second World War. This is significant to Canada's identity because once the Canadian soldiers were able to get passed the heavy
gun fire on the beach and move inland, they were able to gain
the upper hand against the Nazi's and defeat them. The 3rd
Canadian Division progressed further inland than any of the
allies on D-Day, showing that the Canadian army won't back
down from a fight and will try their very best to succeed.
Canada fought hard, 14 000 men were able to land but 340
were killed in battle. The Canadian troops landings was one
of the most successful operation on D-Day and was a turning
point for the Allies in World War II.
MS St.Louis #2
As we were learning about our 1930s and World War II unit we also
learned about the MS St.Louis, a ship with Jewish refugees from Germany
seeking asylum from the Nazis. On May 19 1939, 937 German Jews
boarded ocean liner MS St.Louis in hopes of finding somewhere safe to live.
They went country to country and when they finally arrived in Canada
they were expecting to be accepted into the community, but were turned
away and told to go somewhere else. This is because during the second
World War Hitlers antisemitic views had spread worldwide and Canada was
no exception. As a result they only let 5 000 Jewish immigrants into
Canada during the war. Once the war was over Canada was one of the first
countries to change its mind and open its doors to Jewish people in need of help and over a decade later there were 2 million immigrants, including thousands of Holocaust survivors. In the past few months Canada has been accepting Syrian refugees and by the end of the year there could be as many as 50 000 refugees, proving that Canada has changed its views as time went on. There is some continuity but on a much smaller scale, the Canadian government only permits 250 000 immigrants in yearly, some think its not enough and some think that its too much but everyone is allowed their opinion. Overall the rejection of the MS St.Louis reflects Canada's identity because we were able to learn from it and we improved our immigration policy. So now people from all over the world who are in need can come to this country. Today Canada welcomes almost a quarter of a million permanent immigrants from various countries making Canada a very proud and diverse nation.
Vimy Ridge #5
For our World War I to the 1920s unit we learn about the battle of Vimy Ridge, this battle was fought solely by Canadian soldiers. Vimy Ridge is located in France but was taken over by Germany in the beginning of World War I and turned into a German defense post. Four divisions of the Canadian Corps fought together for the first time against the German soldiers. The Canadian attacked from over the ridge and captured the German army but in the
process more than 10 500 Canadian solders were killed and wounded. In April 1917
before and during the event, the Canadian Corps must have been nervous, like anyone
would when they're preparing for battle, but at the same time they must have felt
proud because they were fighting on behalf of their country. They were extremely happy
once they won but at the same time were sad because of the fellow soldiers who had
died fighting. In honor of those Canadians who lost their lives at Vimy Ridge, France
made a memorial that stands at the top of the hill overlooking the field. Back then
people in Canada might have said that it was a successful battle that will change and
influence our country, and that we should celebrate in honor of the events that
happened on that day. Today 99 years later people still think and learn about the battle
and its significance to this country. People now as well as before think about the brave
soldiers that fought and lost their lives on April 1917 at Vimy Ridge. This is an
important event that showcases the Canadian identity because during the First World
War we were still apart of the British empire but this battle was fought purely by
Canadian soldiers. It was our chance to show the world that we're capable of greatness
without Britain's help and we that we can hold our own. It was a small victory but it
was a very important one for our country's history.
French English Relations #4
In our 1980s to the present unit we learned about French-English relations between Quebec and Canada's government specifically the 1995 Quebec referendum. The main reason that Quebec called for a referendum was because the 1982 Constitution Act was signed without Quebec's approval. Several attempts were made to fix the problem, Prime Minister Mulroney tried to alter the constitution to get Quebec to sign at Meech Lake. Although Quebec agreed and signed the papers no other province did because they thought the government was meeting all of Quebec demands but none of their own. In 1992 a second attempt called the Charlottetown Accord was made to include a little bit of everyone's demands, there was a national vote but the overall vote was NO by 54.4%. After all of this, Quebec held a referendum that asked one simple
Do you want to be apart of Canada
?" Once the polls
were in 50.58% voted that they wanted to stay in Canada and
49.42% voted that they wanted to leave. The consequence or
outcome of the referendum was that Quebec voted to stay a part
of Canada and be recognized for their differences. This event
developed Canada's identity because the French settled in Canada
before the British and founded Quebec. The French influence is
very important to Canadas history and identity.
Constitution Act 1982 #1
During the Cold War to the 1980s unit we learned about the Constitution Act of 1982. This document is historically significant because it transferred control over the amendments in the Constitution from Britain to Canada. Canada was once a British colony but when the paper was signed on April 17, 1982 Canada officially became its own country. The Constitution Act is important to Canada's identity because within the Constitution there is the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The Charter is an important part because it outlines the basic laws and human
rights in Canada. Within the document it states the rights of Canadian
Aboriginals and their treaties. This forms our identity because our Aboriginal
peoples have been on this land centuries before the French and British settled
here so it's important that they're apart of makes up Canada. In the Constitution
it states that Canada's official languages are English and French, this shapes our
identity because it recognizes our French background and is taught in schools
and is used throughout Canada. Finally, it also states that every Canadian
citizen has the right to express themselves, the right to a democratic government,
the right to live and find a job anywhere in Canada, and many more. This is why
the Constitution Act of 1982 is important to our history and to Canada's identity
as a country.