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The Ethiopian Revolution
Transcript of The Ethiopian Revolution
By: Ceili Robbins & Starr Nitschke
All of these conflicts were made worse when a drought occurred in the Northeast. At that time, mutinies, demonstrations, and uprisings broke out. This prompted the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie and he soon went into hiding with his family. He died later that year, originally of natural causes. Many believe he was murdered in some way.
After Selassie was overthrown, the military took power, under Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Haile-Miriam. So, that was when the military dictatorship started in February of 1974.
"Revolution and Military Government." Ethiopia:~a
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When Mengistu was ruling, he made several changes.
-He began to expel Americans and organized radical economic changes.
-He also arrested people who disagreed with him.
He also adopted socialist policies and established a close relationship with the Soviet Union.
-Then, in 1975 a large-scale reform was started which broke up estates of the former nobility.
-The military killed many of their Ethiopian opponents during this time.
-Once again severe drought occurred in the North and nearly a million people died.
-In 1987, Ethiopia adopted a constitution that provided a return to civilian government.
-Although a parliament was elected, military leaders still held power.
Problems such as:
-Unequal distribution of wealth
-Extensive official corruption
-Little effort to develop the countryside
-High rates of urban unemployment
-The simmering war with Eritrea
All of these things factored into Emperor Haile Selassie's growing unpopularity.
1.What year did the revolution begin?
2.Who took over after the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie?
3. Name 3 conflicts that prompted the revolution.
4. Approximately how many people died during the second drought of the revolution?
5. Ethiopia adopted a constitution that provided a return to what type of government?
1. The revolution began in 1974.
2. Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Haile-Miriam.
3. Unequal distribution of wealth, extensive official corruption,
little effort to develop the countryside, high rates of urban
unemployment, famine, social problems, the simmering war
with Eritrea are all possible answers.
4. Nearly one million died during the second drought of the
5. Ethiopia adopted a constitution that provided a return to a civilian government.