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SİMPLE PAST TENSE

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by

Merve Yeşilyurt

on 19 April 2014

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Transcript of SİMPLE PAST TENSE

QUESTION (?)
Interrogative sentences, while the subject is used before the auxiliary verb did. Verb (V1) are used.
(Soru cümleleri yaparken, did yardımcı fiili özneden önce kullanılır. Fiil yalın halde (V1) kullanılır.)
POSİTİVE (+)
Simple Past Tense in a positive cümlelerin the subject after V2 are used.
(Simple Past Tense olumlu cümlelerininde,özneden sonra V2 kullanılır.)
ANSWERS
1.
Saw
2.
Did,come
3.
Went
4.
Wasn't
5.
Were
6.
Gave
7.
Didn't sleep
8.
Swam
9.
Did,visit,were
10.
Were
11.
Killed
12.
Didn't go
13.
Dalled,asked,happened to know

EXAMPLES
SİMPLE PAST TENSE (GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN)
NEGATIVE (-)
Simple Past Tense in negative sentences, the subject did not after the auxiliary verb and pure forms of verbs (V1) are used.
(Simple Past Tense olumsuz cümlelerinde, özneden sonra didn’t yardımcı fiili ve fiillerin yalın halleri ( V1) kullanılır.)
Where is it used?(Nerelerde kullanılır?)
•The works completed in the past to indicate the start.(Geçmişte başlayıp tamamlanmış işleri belirtmek için.)
My mother baked a cake yesterday.
(Annem dün pasta yaptı.)


REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS (Düzenli ve düzensiz fiiller)

RULE 1
: If a vowel, and then comes the letter e,-d jewelry is added.(Bir sesli harf ve ardından e harfi geliyorsa, -d takısı eklenir.)
dance - danced
erase - erased

RULE 2
: If you come a consonant followed by a vowel, final consonant is written twice and jewelry-ed is added.(Bir sesli harf ve ardından bir sessiz harf geliyorsa, sondaki sessiz harf iki kere yazılır ve -ed takısı eklenir.)
plan - planned
stop - stopped
RULE 5
: a consonant at the end of the word and the letter comes from behind-y,-y letter is discarded and the word is added to the end-ied. (Kelimenin sonunda bir sessiz harf ve arkasından -y harfi gelirse, -y harfi atılır ve kelimenin sonuna -ied eklenir.)
Worry - worried
Reply - replied
REGULAR VERB
I went to a movie yesterday but I
didn’t
enjoy it.
(Dün bir filme gittim ama beğenmedim.)

- It
didn’t
snow yesterday.
(Dün kar yağmadı.)
I
didn’t
see a movie yesterday.
(Dün bir film seyretmedim.)

She
didn’t
wash her hands.
(O, Ellerini yıkamadı.)

Did
you sleep well last night?
(Dün gece iyi uyudun mu?)


Did
Julie have a good time at the party yesterday?
(Juile dün partide iyi vakit geçirdi mi?)

Did
you see the postman this morning?
(Bu sabah postacıyı gördün mü?)
1.
I _____(see) John two minutes ago.
2.
_____ you _____ (come) home early yesterday evening?
3.
We are going to California for holiday this summer. But we _____ (go) to Turkey for our holiday last year.
4.
He _____ (not/be) ill yesterday eveni
5.
They _____ (be) really angry when they saw
me.
6.
My teacher _____ (give) us a lot of homework.
7.
David _____ (not/sleep) last night, because he was really ill.
8.
My father _____(swim) in the pool all day yesterday.
9.
your friend _____ (visit) you when you _____ (be) on holiday?
10.
There _____ (be) many instances of her clumsiness.
11.
Another day, she accidentally _____ (kill) two small ducklings.
12.
Emma _____ (not go) to school when she was ill.
13.
He _____ (call) her and _____ (ask) if she _____ (happen to know) where they _____ (be).

•Successive events in the past to describe.(Geçmişte birbirini izleyen olayları anlatmak için.)
During my holiday I swam, lied down in the sun and went out at nights.
(Tatil süresince yüzdüm, güneşlendim ve akşamları dışarı çıktım.)
•In the past a certain time / more experienced over time / to describe the events.
(Geçmişte belli bir süre /zaman içerisinde devam yaşanmış /olan olayları anlatmak için.)
I lived many years in London.
(Yıllarca Londrada yaşadım.)
FIRAT İŞLEK 11/M-1643
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