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Pronatalist and Anti-natalist policies.
Transcript of Pronatalist and Anti-natalist policies.
What is pronatalism?
The term is taken from the Latin word “natalis” which means birth.
Pronatalism is the encouragement of child birth (usually in a certain country).
It promotes motherhood and childbirth in a positive manner for social reasons and also for the nation as a whole.
Most pronatalist countries suffer from a declining population and adopt these policies as a way of controlling the population size.
Japan is a great example of a pro-natalist country. It is the first Asian country (along with South Korea) to struggle with a declining birth rate. Japan's Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rates have both been steadily declining because of Japan’s strict attempt at cultural preservation and purity.
What is Anti-natalism?
Anti-natalism assaigns a negative view to birth.
It discourages women to have lots of children.
Most anti-natalist countries suffer from over population that is taking a toll on the country, socially and economically
Pro- Natalist policies.
In Japan there are three main policies that try to encourage women to have more children: Child allowances, day-care support and childcare leave.
Also there is a tax reduction according to the number of children in the household.
The positive portrayal of mother hood and the encouragement of children has also helped
The marriage age in the world has increased because women are now more independent.
Working and raising a family is almost impossible in Japan because of the amount of commitment needed in their jobs
Lack of support for mothers.
New generation obsessed with Anime and Manga that does not want real girlfriends as they have virtual girlfriends.
Why is the birth rate so low?
8.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
9.27 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
China is one of the most well known Anti-natalist countries.
It contrasts to Japan, which is interesting as they are both in the same area of the world.
In 1953 the population of China was 583 million, in 2010 the population of China was 1.335.
Birth rate: 12.25 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
Death rate: 7.31 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
Why is the birth rate so high?
In the 1950's Mao Zedong encouraged big families as he thought the bigger the Chinese population the stronger they are.
Advances in technology mean people are dying older and there is a lower mortality rate.
There is already a high population, which means naturally more children are going to be born.
The most famous anti-natal policy in China is their one child policy, which means each family can only have one child. This was introduced by Mao Zedong in 1979.
Contraception is encouraged and also abortion is encouraged to women who already have a child.
There are money bonuses to families who have only one child.
Free birth control and family planning is offered.
Couples have to apply for marriage certificates.
Anyone housing more than one child lose money benefits.
"The granny police" were hired by the government to spy on young couples to make sure they only have one child.