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Copy of CHAPTER 3 - SYSTEM THINKING

CS2463A & CS2463B
by

Phi Yen VU

on 25 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of CHAPTER 3 - SYSTEM THINKING

Chapter 3
System Thinking

CORE CONCEPT
7 Types of System Thinking
Chapter 3
System Thinking
Dynamical Thinking
System
Dynamic
Dimension
Model Dimension
Feedback/Feedforward
Dimension
Pragmatical dimension
- Thinking in dynamical process
- Recognizing pattern over time
Time Delay Concept
- Action to stop movement
- example: iron
Oscillation Concept
- Repetitive variation, typically in time
- Thinking in models requires to construct, validate and develop models to present reality
- Example :
- Thinking in loops: interrelated structures, indirect effect,
- Goes beyond one way cause - effect relationship
Feedback
Feedforward
Reinforcing
Balancing
R
- Come from our ability to anticipate the future
- Example: when you aspect to succeed, your energy will maximize to help you and make you likely succeed.
- Finding "leverage point"
- The right action, the right time, the right place.
- Example: Jusco One Utama doing a sale, at the end of month.
Closed Loop Thinking
Interrelated processes instead of one-way relations
Eg : Badminton
Generic Thinking
Operational Thinking
Scientific Thinking
Making things quantifiable & testable
Eg : Water molecule
O
H
H
Thinking in stock and flow structures
Eg : Water in a cloud
Structural
Thinking
Continuum Thinking
Algorithmic Thinking
Need logical and systematic thinking
Eg : Programming
Thinking in "big picture"
Balancing short-term
and long term - term perspectives
Recognizing the
dynamic,complex and
interdependent nature of system thinking
Taking into account
of both measurable and non-measurable factors
Principle of System
Thinking
System = elements / components + relationship
Thinking = Mental process take place in brain / body system

System thinking
Holism (Constructivist)
- Behaviour determined by
system as whole
Reductionism (Reductionist)
- Behaviour of subsystem
Mental Process Relevant
To System Thinking
Analysis
Break things into smaller parts - study each problem separately.
3 Steps
Mental Process
Take the thing
apart
Determine what
the
parts are
Reassemble the
parts to
reestablish
the whole
Example : molecule
Synthesis
In design phase - you synthesize and have a holistic view.

Example : Composing a song , develop building
Holistic Thinking
Look at both analysis and synthesis

Example : Riding in a helicopter
Hard System
Soft System
Dialectic System
(Combination)
System Thinking Approach
Hierarchically organized set of elements.
Totally with emergent properties.
With standing perspective.
Properties of elements at given level are reducible.
System Thinking
As a Perspective
As a Set Of
Tools
As a Special
Language
See event
Study Pattern
Respond to event
Help to communicate with other about system :
Wholes rather than parts & their interconnections
Circular feedback
Terminology that describes system behaviour.
Understand system's structure and behaviour.
Communicate with other about your understanding.
Design high-leverage intervention.
Example:-
Causal Loop
Behaviour over time graphs
Stock and flow diagram
Systems archetype.
PRESENTED BY
Get the causality and the understanding of behavior to reveal the nature of the process
Eg : Milk production should include cow
Seeing generic structures beyond specific symptoms
Eg : Find area of circle with its radius=5cm
Finding ways between the "black and white" extremes
Eg : Rather than waiting in long queue, Ahmad buy Plusliner bus ticket online
Anis Suraya
Siti Mariam
Nursabrina
Erma Shafiqa
FROM : CS2463A & CS2463B
Full transcript