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Erik Erickson's Stage's Psychosocial Development
Transcript of Erik Erickson's Stage's Psychosocial Development
Illinois State University The Human Life Cycle (1968) The Eight Stages of Life "If what can go wrong in each stage, can we say what should have gone and can go right?" Infancy
Radius of Significant Relationship: Maternal Person
Must show the child that she is trustworthy enough to satisfy and regulate needs
Virtue of Hope
Needed to instill optimism, security and confidence
If this stage is not fulfilled properly the child will begin to feel mistrust in the world and worthlessness. Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt Early Childhood
Radius of Significant Relationship:Paternal
Sense of self-control with out loss of self esteem confidence in free will.
explore and see who they are
A sense in over-control and loss of self control cause shame and doubt
estrangement of being exposed
looked at disapprovingly
unsure of one's will Play age
Radius of significant relationship: Basic Family
Teach child where play ends and purpose begins
Child will begin to take initiative
lead others and take control
inner voice of self-observation, self guidance and self-punishment
Guilt over goals contemplated and acts done.
due to lack of control or criticism Initiative vs Guilt School Age
Radius of Significant Relationship: Neighborhood,School
Children receive systematic instruction of some kind
Sucessful completion in this stage will result in a feeling of competence
prepares child for a hierarchy of learning
dexterity and intelligence in completion of tasks
Failure to complete this stage can result in feelings of inadequacy
despair over lack of skill or status among peers can discourage from further learning. Industry vs. Inferiority Adolescence
Radius of Significant Relationship: Peer Groups and Outgroups
Particular strength is fidelity :opportunity to fulfill personal potentialities in context which a young person can be true to ones self and other
need to be affirmed by peers
confirmed by teaching, creeds and ideologies
Hindered sense of who they are will result in role confusion Identity vs. Role Confusion Intamacy vs. Isolation Young Adulthood
Radius of Significant Relationship: Significant others
Young adult will be able to commit themselves to affiliations and partnerships although they may call for compromises and sacrafices
Danger of this stage is psychosocial isolation
avoidance of contacts which commit to intimacy Adulthood
Radius of Significant Relationship: Shared House hold
Generativity simply put is concern with establishing and guiding the next generation.
The strength of care emerges
Failure to complete the milestone of continuing the generations will lead to stagnation and feelings of uselessness. Generativity vs Stagnation Old Age
Radius Of Significant Relationship: "Mankind"/ "My Kind"
Successful completion of this stage shows ripened "wit"
knowledge, understanding and good judgement
Virtue of Wisdom acquired through the lifetime
Lack of success in this stage will often result in a hidden fear of death
Despair arises when they feel time is too short to alternate routes of integrity.
Bitterness and disgust are results of failure in this stage Integrity vs. Despair Age Range
Successful acquisition of a virtue
Failure resulting in a negative attribute Basic Principles of Theory 16 year old
Sophomore in High school
Family Composition: Lives with Father and brother and has been in her fathers custody since she was 2 years old. Parents were never married. "Elizabeth" Severe Depression
Drug Abuse Presenting Problem Disruption in Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
Blatantly has expressed she does not feel
there are trustworthy people in the world
Views the world as a negative place
Possibly due to the lack of relationship with her mother. Erik Erikson's Psychosocial stages of Development Applied to "Elizabeth" Disruption in Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Complicated family dynamic has led to her father being over controlling and has not led for much room for Elizabeth to establish self-control and self-esteem.
"Impulsive Defiance" is a result of failure at this stage which shown in the numerous physical and verbal altercation Elizabeth has had with her father.
This is due to frustrations of feelings of disapproval. Application Continued. It is common that drug abuse can be a result of failure in Identity vs. Role Confusion stage.
person begins to feel overcome with role confusion may turn to drugs as an easy self-destructive preoccupation or activity.
Elizabeth has expressed frequently that she has always had trouble trying to find her place in school. Application to Drug Abuse *"cross disciplinary method pf ascertaining the value of concepts not immediately conducive to simple measurement" Psychosocial Strength depends on:
total process which regulates life
sequence of generation
structure of society
Each person will translate order in own terms of main concerns. Conclusion References
Erikson, E. H., & Schlein, S. (1987). The Human Life Cycle (1968). A way of looking at things: selected papers from 1930 to 1980 (pp. 595-610). New York: Norton.
Hergenhahn, B. R., & Olson, Matthew H (2007). Erik H. Erikson. An introduction to theories of personality (7th Edition) (pp. 88-90). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Randall M., J. (2011). Psychosocial Development and First Substance Use in Third and Fourth Grade Students: A Short-Term Longitudinal Study. Child Development Research, doi:10.1155/2011/916020