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Chronic Kidney Failure

Senior Project
by

Alexis Anderson

on 12 May 2011

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Transcript of Chronic Kidney Failure

Renal/Kidney Failure
What are the advantages and
disadvantages of renal therapy
treatments for chronic kidney
failure?
(A)
Diagram of a kidney and its location
Functions of the kidney
Definition of renal failure and chronic renal failure
Causes of chronic renal failure
(B)
Symptoms of CKF
Stages of CKF
Statistics of CKF occurrence
C) Types of renal therapy treatment
1. Transplantation
Definition
Advantages and disadvantages of transplantation
D) Dialysis
Definition
Types of dialysis
Advantages and disadvantages of dialysis
Summary
Recommendations
Questions and comments
(Chronic Kidney Failure)
Essential Question
Functions
of the
kidney
Symtptoms of CKF
Diabetes (48,871)
Hypertension ( 30,657)
Kidney diseases
Fetal developmental problem
Kidney Infection
Age-more common around people of age 60 and over
Illegal drug abuse
Physical Injury
Overuse of over-the-counter painkillers
Types of renal therapy treatments for
chronic kidney failure
Transplantation
Dialysis
Transplantation
Overview
Conclusion
left
right
Functions of the kidney
Human-Kidney-Anatomy,
2010.
Introduction
Stages of chronic kidney failure
stage 1
stage 2
stage 3
stage 4
stage 5
Renal failure (Kidney Failure) is also known as End Stage Renal Disease, ESRD.
Statistics for chronic kidney failure occurence in America
Transplantation is the surgical act of removing one organ from one person (donor) and placing it into another person. (worldwebnet.princeton.edu).
In this case, a kidney would be that organ.
Dialysis
Dialysis is a scientific term for the movement of substances across a semi permeable membrane by a process called diffusion.
(100 Questions and Answers about Kidney Dialysis by
Laurence E. Stam).
There are two (2) types of dialysis
Hemodialysis
Peritoneal Dialysis
Hemodialysis is a type of treatment that uses an artificial kidney known as a hemodialyzer, to remove waste and extra chemicals and fluid from the blood.
(National kidney foundation)
According to medilexicon's dictionary, renal failure
is loss of renal function, either chronic or acute, that results in azotemia and syndrome of uremia.
GFR rate is normal. However,
evidence of kidney disease has
been detected.

GFR rate is lower than 90ml,
and evidence of kidney disease
has been detected.

GFR rate is lower than 60 ml, regardless
of whether evidence of kidney disease has
been detected.

GFR rate is lower than 30 ml, regardless of whether evidence of kidney disease has been detected.
GFR rate is lower than 15 ml. Renal failure has occured!!
What causes chronic
kidney disease?
•26 million American adults have CKF and millions of others are at increased risk
Chronic kidney disease has a disproportionate impact on minority populations, especially African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and American Indians
America took account for 14,482 deaths as a result of chronic kidney failure
African Americans constitute about 29 percent of all patients treated for kidney failure in the U.S.
The information presented above was gathered from the
NationalKidneyFoundation.org and NationMaster.com
In peritoneal dialysis, the blood is cleansed inside the body. (American society of nephrology)
Pros and cons of Transplantation
more freedom, energy and productivity
provides a better quality for life
A woman may be able to conceive a child after having a successful transplant
a man may experience erection again
(Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, 2009 - 2011)
Advantages:
requires major surgery
you may need to wait for a donor
your body may reject the kidney
You’ll need to take immunosuppressants
http://www.livestrong.com/article/135946-advantages-disadvantages-kidney-dialysis/
Symptoms of chronic kidney failure
Conclusion

Unexplained headaches
Insomnia
Hypertension
Blood in urine
Trouble erecting
Fatigue
Sudden change in body weight
Loss of appetite
Disadvantages:
depression
time
fatigue
Disadvantages:
provides a chance to live
less restrictions on diet
reduces the need for medication
Advantages:
reduce protein levels
Hemodialysis
Peritoneal Dialysis
Advantages
Disadvantages
A scientific diagram of the kidney
Location of the kidneys
What is chronic kidney failure?, 2009
by Christian Nordqvist
needle-free treatments
more flexible diet
easier to travel
patients may experience higher energy levels and better sleep
increase the risk of peritonitis
provides a chance to live
What is chronic kidney failure? What causes
chronic kidney disease?, 2009 by Christian
Nordqvist and Kidney and Urologic Statistics
for the United States
Comprehensive-Kidney-Facts.com,
provides a chance to live
Alexis Anderson
Advantages and disadvantages of kidney dialysis, 2011. (livestrong.com)
(A brochure created by DaVita Inc,2009)
kidney functions, 2006 taken from renalinfo.com
-in March,2010, 83,950 people were waiting for a kidney
What is chronic kidney failure?
What is renal failure?
Full transcript