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the Ologies: Ontology, Epistemology & Methodology

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Scott Mayson

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of the Ologies: Ontology, Epistemology & Methodology

the Ologies
Paradigims
Positivist
paradigm
Research Paradigms
Dimensions
Objective & Subjective
Mixed Methods
Pragmatic approach
viewed as a set of basic beliefs that represent the world
Quantitative
two Camps OK!
and don't cross my line
=
Denzin & Lincoln (1998)
Constructivist
paradigm
based on Numerical Data
'Do' - 'Is'
=
Qualitative
Socially constructed through People active in
the everyday
'How' - 'Why'
Ontology
As a philosophy, ontology is concerned with assumptions about nature and reality
Epistemology
the study which investigates the:
possibility, limits, origin, structure, methods & truthfulness
of knowledge and how knowledge is acquired.
Methodology
is often confused with method.
in simple terms
ontology is about :
what exists,
what it looks like,
what components make it up
& how the components interact with each other.
Hitchcock & Hughes (1989)
A distinct way of approaching research
put simply
epistemology is concerned with how phenomena can be made known to the researcher
Walker & Evers (1988)
Methods are the tools!
Methodology is the overall guiding principle
Guba & Lincoln (1998)
Data in Numerical form
= classified & measured in objective way
through sets of rules, or formulae, or procedures
the terrior of mixed ologies
A comprehension of:
the purpose,
the focus,
the data,
the analysis
Subjectivist Approach
ontology = Nominalism
epistemology = Anti-positivism
human nature = Voluntarism
methodology = Ideographic
Objectivist
Approach
ontology = Realism
epistemology = Positivism
human nature = Determinism
methodology = Nomothetic
are tools to carry out relevant and valuable research.
Subjective - Qualitative
Objective - Quantitative
Overview
onstructing Reality
nowledge of the Reality
ays of Knowing the Reality
C
K
W
Asking questions of
"how things really are"
&
"how things really work"
nature of relationship between
inquirer & inquired

posit that if "real" reality is assumed

requires inquirer to be
"objectively detached"
or
"free from persional bias"
Methods for asking how an
inquirer can find out,

what they "want to believe"
or
what they "want to know"
Denzin & Lincoln (1998;201)
Denzin & Lincoln (1998;201)
Denzin & Lincoln (1998;201)
Guba & Lincoln (1989)
an inquiry of what differentiates
defensible belief from opinion
Brewerton & Millward (2001)
Voluntarist view:

that humans are completely autonomous and free-willed
Determinist view:

Humans and their activities as being completely determined by the situation or 'environment' in which we are located
Burrell & Morgan (1979; 6)
Burrell & Morgan (1979; 6)
A scheme for
analysing assumptions
“nomos” meaning “law”.
“idios” meaning “own” or “private”
Full transcript