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Rhetorical Devices

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Megan Fromme

on 30 September 2012

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Transcript of Rhetorical Devices

Rhetorical Devices Megan Fromme Two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels(abab) but in an inverted order(abba); from the shape of the Greek letter chi(X). Chiamus "Love's fire heats water,
water cools not love."

Sonnets (Number 154) In rhetoric, a figure in which an affirmative is expressed by negation of the contrary. Litotes "That edge was not useless
to the warrior now."
Beowulf Episode 23 The harsh joining of sounds. Cacophony 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

From Jabberwocky by
Lewis Carroll The addressing of a person absent or dead, or personified abstraction absent or present. Apostrophe "To what green altar, O mysterious priest, / Lead'st thou that heifer lowing at the skies, / And all her silken flanks with garlands drest?"
from "Ode on a Grecian Urn" by John Keats The repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses. Antistrophe "...and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth…"
— Abraham Lincoln The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses Anaphora Seemes Maddam, nay it is, I know not seemes,
Tis not alone my incky cloake coold mother
Nor customary suites of solembe blacke
Nor windie suspiration of forst breath
No, nor the fruitfull riuer in the eye,
Nor the deiected hauior of the visage…
The use of superfluous or redundant words, often enriching the thought. Pleonasm "From that day mortal, and this happie State/ Shalt loose, expell'd from hence into a World/ Of woe and sorrow"
Paradise Lost by John Milton The substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant. Euphemism An assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth in it. Paradox The substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is actually meant Metonymy King Richard: What says he?
Northumberland: Nay, nothing, all is said. His tongue is now a stringless instrument
Shakespeare King Richard II "Cowards die many times before their deaths."
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar Act II, scene ii : line 32 'The pen is mightier than the sword' refers that the power of literary works is greater than military force.
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