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STANDARDIZED TESTING

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by

Prisca Raymond

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of STANDARDIZED TESTING

WHAT IS A
STANDARDIZED TEST? a.A test that is administered and scored under uniform conditions

b.Commercially prepared exams that are developed for nationwide use. Standardized testing
Prisca Raymond
Janice Rivera
Elaine Ruiz standardized testing... things you just ought to know.... HISTORY CONTINUED
a.1908- Henry Goddard translate the IQ test in English

b.Used to assess students
c.U.S beings to test. HISTORY CONTINUED
a.Assessments were also utilized by the Government

b.1917- Robert Yerkes develops Alpha and Beta test for U.S Army

c.Intelligence Assessments which evaluates mental abilities of recruits; recruits ability at hand. HISTORY CONTINUED
a.1926- Carl Brigham develops Scholastic Aptitude Test.

b.Modified version of the Army Alpha test.

c.Believes it will predict success of students post High School education courses.

d.Harvard utilizes test for scholarship opportunities for students.

e.Used for college admissions. HISTORY CONTINUED
a.1950- McGraw Hill develops standardized test for schools.

b.Available K5- K12.

c.Assesses students’ readiness to advance to next grade level. WHAT CAUSED STANDARDIZED TESTING?
a. A need for the quality of Education to improve.

1. Improves teacher and classroom learning environment.

b. Believed to be a great way to provide scholarships

c. Bring equality among students.

d. Measure intelligence amongst the students.
a.Districts can easily figure out statewide curriculum

b.Multiple choices deter teachers’ bias against students.

c.Provides documented availability.

d.Claims to level playing field.

1.Makes every child hold accountability. PROS AND CONS OF STANDARDIZED TESTING
a.Aids students in preparation for success on high stakes test.
1.Ex: CAHSEE
2.SAT 9.

b.Identifies strengths and weaknesses of students

c.Monitors students’ progress

d.Assist in instructional planning

e.Evaluates effectiveness of educational programs PRO's CONTINUED
a. Gardner “evidence exists to indicate that assessment material designed for one target audience cannot be transported directly to another cultural setting; there are no purely culture-fair or culture-blind materials.”
1. Fails to take into account that there are different learners. PROS AND CONS OF STANDARDIZED TESTING
a.Norm-referenced test
1.Test what the student doesn’t know

b.Test at grade level
1.Student may not have acquired language proficiency

c.Results compared to those of same age and grade level. CONS’ CONTINUED CONS'CONTINUED

a.Results utilized for NCLB accountability purpose
1.Results may not be “valid and accurate”
(a)Stipulated otherwise.

b.Not sensitive to effective Instruction
1.Some teachers feel that they are forced to teach to the test.
(a)Overlooks curriculum
(1)Social studies, art, and music.
a. New forms test are on the rise
1. Authentic Assessments
(a) “describe the multiple forms of assessment that reflect student learning, achievement, motivation, and attitudes on instructionally-relevant classroom activities
(b) Based off real life instruction.

2. Performance Based Assessments
(a) A form of assessment where the student constructs a response orally or in writing. STANDARDS BASED ASSESSMENT VS.
AUTHENIC AND PERFORMANCE-BASED ASSESSMENTS AUTHENTIC ASSESMENTS PROS AND CONS
a.CONS
1.Subjective and anecdotal
(a)Based on classroom activities

2.Does not take into consideration for NCLB accountability purpose. PERFORMANCE BASED ASSESSMENTS PROS AND CONS
a.PROS
1.Provide in depth information about the individual students mastery of one skill or concept.

2.Know in advance criteria for assessment.

3.Students see connection between their efforts and learning success
(a)Become empowered, validated, motivated

4.Directly corresponds to classroom activity

5.Instrumental in monitoring student progress and instructional planning. PERFORMANCE BASES ASSESMENTS
PROS AND CONS
a.CONS
1.Too subjective and anecdotal to be subjective

2.Does not consider NCLB for accountability purposes.
a. PROS
1. Allows flexibility in curriculum planning.

2. Opportunity for constant evaluation.

3. Monitor individual student progress

4. Know in advance criteria for assessments

5. Assesses what the student does know

6. Empower, validate and motivate. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS PROS AND CONS PROS AND CONS PROS AND CONS PROS AND CONS HISTORY a.1905- Alfred Binet, French Psychologist invents first intelligence tests.

b.Called Binet also known as the IQ test.

c.Assessed students weakness in curriculum to improve teaching HISTORY PURPOSE a.Provides accurate and meaningful information on students level of performance

b.Performance is measured with students of the same age or grade level. Mrs. Rivera
Q: what would you say are the cons?
A: Cons- I think it's a waste of time. We are basically now forced to teach how to pass the test instead of focusing on the material itself. We can no longer do the fun stuff we want, or teach the way we want because we have to make sure that they are given enough time to practice their reading and math skills. Especially in the third grade, the teacher can no longer teach from textbooks because they are now given math and reading packets that they need to make sure the students do everyday for an hour, which basically takes away actual teaching time.Oh yeah another con is that in third grade if they do not pass the test, they are to repeat.

Q: what would you say are the pros?
a: none alternatives Mrs. Rivera
Q: what would you recommend could be done instead of the FCAT?
A: i think that instead of the FCAT students should just take chapter tests and end-of-course tests. It will be much more easier for teachers to see what areas he/she might need to reteach or focus on more.


Berwick Augustin... Lakeview Elementary... 5th Grade Reading/Language Arts
Q: If in the position to do away with Florida's standardized testing, would you completely dismiss this form of testing or would you bring about a new way of analyzing student progress? Would this determine if they graduate or not?

Answer: I would definitely monitor the students' progress and abilities in various subjects through testing but I would completely dismiss the process of putting so much emphasis on specifically passing a test. Standardized testing has been in Dade County Public Schools for over 20 years. When I was in school, we were tested but it didn't hold so much weight. The majority of us passed because we were being taught the foundational skills necessary for our grade levels. By the time graduation came around we were equipped to perform, do well, and move on. I believe that's the way it should be; challenging kids to higher heights is a must but the process of adding politics and economics in the mix change the dynamics and put more emphasis on everything else but education.

Berwick Augustin... Lakeview Elementary... 5th Grade Reading/Language Arts

Q. As a teacher at the ELEMENTARY SCHOOL level where Standardized testing can affect whether a student passes or not. How does it affect the students performance in the classroom?

Answer:I teach at the elementary level and it does affect whether a student passes or not (3rd grade). It definitely affects students' performance in the classroom because they succumb to the pressure of passing the test. They're beginning to be programmed to focus on passing a test as opposed to opening up their brains to be educated. I've witnessed a second grade student throw up because of nervousness and anxiety before a standardized test. I've also seen high performing students fold and score low on these exams due to fear. Lastly, towards the end of the year students shut down after FCAT testing is over because they've come to believe that's all school is about. James Lubin, Dr. Michael M. Krop High School, I teach all grade levels 9-12, and I teach Culinary Arts
Q: As a teacher of an elective course how does Florida standardized testing affect your classroom studies?

Answer: I would have to say that Florida's standardized testing affects my instruction in a manner that is involuntary. By involuntary I mean, there is a certain time of the year where instruction is interrupted to integrate a school- wide initiative to help students prepare for standardized testing. I have to admit that the administration at my school is flexible and open to the various ways that each teacher/department can contribute to the greater good. My class is both academic as well as practical. There are endless possibilities as to how I can incorporate the core curriculum into my instruction and I find it a challenge I embrace.

Berwick Augustin... Lakeview Elementary... 5th Grade Reading/Language Arts

Q: Does standardized testing influence the curriculum and the way you approach the subject? Does your teaching style have to adapt around it?
Answer: Yes, standardized testing does influence the curriculum and the way I approach teaching because I have to follow a weekly pacing guide that focuses on teaching the kids how to pass a test. Furthermore, teachers are constantly under watch by administrators, district and state employees who come into classrooms unexpected to monitor whether or not we're following the summoned processes. I do my best to make sure I teach the kids more than just FCAT but we are limited as an educator under these systems.  Sadker, D., & Zittleman, K. (2010). Teachers, school, and society. (9th ed., pp. 208-213). Newyork, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Cathy, D. (n.d.). Hastac. Retrieved from http://hastac.org/blogs/cathy- davidson/2011/09/02/where-did-standardized-testing- come-anyway
 
 
WHITE, D. M. (2009, October 05). Standardized testing vs. authentic assessment [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/kjb33/blogs/critical_issues_in_literacy_education/2009/10/standardized-testing-vs-authentic-assessment.html
 
 
Choice, E. T. (n.d.). The pros and cons of standardized tests, authentic assessment, and performancebased tests. Retrieved from http://www.savingamericasyouth-itstime.com/Pros_and_Cons_of_Standardized_Tests.pdf
 
Oliverab. (n.d.). Xtimeline. Retrieved from http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/The-History-of-Standardized-Testing-in-Education
 
 
Educational foundation. (1996-2012). Frontline. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/where/three.html
 
Standardized tests. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.education.com/definition/standardized-tests/  
Augustin, B. (2012, October 27). Interview by P.R Raymond [Personal Interview]. Standardized tests.
 
Lubin, J. (2012, October 26). Interview by P.R Raymond [Personal Interview]. Standardized tests.
 
Ruiz, M. (2012, October 21). Interview by E Ruiz [Personal Interview]. Standardized tests. Cited Page a. At risk students placed at greater risk

b. Lower graduation rates

c. Higher test scores does not mean more learning

d. Standardized testing affects the curriculum;becomes shrinked

e. Tests fail.

f. Teachers are stressed

g. Abondment of history, drama, and the arts. 7 REASONS WHY STANDARDIZED TEST ARE NOT WORKING
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