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1984

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Transcript of 1984

1984
by George Orwell

Why "1984"?
Despite the reason why Orwell titles the book 1984 is never revealed, the year 1984 takes place 35 years after the book's publication date, 1949. Surprisingly, the time between the year 1914, when "world war" was not conceivable by anyone at that time, and the book's publication year is also 35 years. From 1914-49, many horrible events, such as both World War I and II, have inevitably happened.


Altering the Past
The Ministry's power over the past is a very significant part of
1984
's dystopia. As one of the perpetrators himself, Winston helps get rid of evidence in the past to contradict new statements established by the Party. People in this society are slowly losing their identity -- the past keeps "changing," and people can never remember what truly happened. People such as Winston and the old man at the beginning of the book who survived "the Revolution," starts losing their memories; memories, what defines who they are, are becoming more and more vague. These victims of the altering past are losing their old way of life and their memorable experiences that are worth cherishing in the future. The totalitarian government is willing to sacrifice its peoples' past to prevent anyone proving the Party's lies and to ultimately achieve infallibility.
Author's Intent--
THEMES
Orwell conveys his messages to his readers in very intricate ways...
What exactly is George
Orwell's message?
---
Style and Tone
Symbolism
Again, many symbols exist in the story. Below are two of them:
General Details:
This category will cover
basic facts about the
story.
Rhetorical Devices
Two major literary devices Orwell used throughout the book are ironies and foreshadowing.
Project by:
Ethan
English 10 Acc

Setting
Throughout the story, details given by Orwell are
vague, but characters believe that the year was
1984.
The story primarily happened in a dystopian London
(in a superstate known as Oceania). Places include
the Ministries that run the country, Mr. Charrington's
house, the torture chamber (Room 101), etc.
Characters
Winston
Winston is the protagonist followed by the
third-person limited narrator. At first Orwell
portrays him as an intellectual who questions the
way the Party functions but does not know what
to do. After Winston meets Julia, his motives to
'defeat' the Party intensifies as he uncovers the
reassurance he gets from Goldstein's book.
However, in the end, Winston succumbs to the
Party (O 'Brien) after going through torture,
interrogation/psychological manipulation, and
ultimately losing his humanly traits (betraying
Julia, and wants her to replace him in torture).
Julia
When Orwell first mentions Julia, he portrays
her as a mindless follower of the Party and its
motives. Interestingly, this was contrary to who
she actually was. When Winston got to learn
more about Julia, she exhibits strong dissatis-
faction to the Party and hates the "purity" or
"innocence" that the Party is indoctrinating into
their people.
O 'Brien
Orwell first portrays O 'Brien with a
sense of disloyalty. Winston also notes that "[O 'Brien] was thinking the same thing as [Winston] himself." Towards the end of the novel, Winston is gravely wrong; O 'Brien, a devout Inner Party member, believes the opposite of Winston's opinions, yet has the capability of seeing through thoughts and expressions of his torture subjects.

Foreshadowing
Irony
The book itself is filled with
ironies. Below are a few
examples:
Newspeak Language
Orwell introduces a new language in this novel that
possesses several oxymoron. One of the most prominent one is "blackwhite." The Party shallowly defines the term as a mere contradiction of basic facts. However, "blackwhite" also refers to the Party's indoctrination upon its people, making people such as Winston or the proles assimilate the fact that black IS white and forget what they knew.
The contradiction is a clear illustrate of how the Party, or simply a representation of totalitarian government, attempts to brainwash its people.
Mr. Parsons
When Winston saw Mr. Parsons
captured by the police, Mr. Parsons is content that he recognizes the betrayal inside him (when he said "Down with Big Brother"). However, he is also proud of his daughters reporting his 'disloyalty' to the Party.
Mr. Parsons's ironic attitude (especially being proud) conveys Orwell's perspective what totalitarian governments can do to young children and the common
people's perceptions.
The story foreshadows Winston's torture session through what O 'Brien said to Winston, where they will meet in"place where there is no darkness." Orwell's usage of foreshadowing is to give false optimism to readers, Winston, and Julia. Winston and the readers would interpret "no darkness" as O 'Brien's master plan of destroying the Party. However, O 'Brien's interpretation of "no darkness" is different ; what he meant is truly brainwashing
undedicated Party members to truly believe in the motives of the Party.
The Telescreens
The telescreens seen throughout the book represents the loss of privacy. Solely by judging Winston's actions, the telescreens make him feel uncomfortable. When he first meets up with Julia in Victory Square, Winston's discretion is portrayed as he makes sure that the telescreens cannot see his private meeting with Julia. Winston is not only careful about the telescreens but also paranoid of a telescreen's presence in distant places such as Julia's hideout in nature.
Orwell depicts how the government's overly-obsessive observation (ha, alliteration) affects people and their daily lives.
The Prole Woman Outside Charrington's
Although Winston called this woman 'beautiful' in front
of Julia as he observes her physical features, Winston's interpretation of that unnamed woman's beauty will differ from his perception of Julia's beauty.

The prole woman represents optimism. Her energy to sing represents her passion for life, contrary to how Party members will never sing. Her tough, wide, yet sturdy body represents the vigor required in rebels in the future that will be determined to take down the Party. Winston hopes that the myriad amount of children this prole woman is taking care of have inherited her traits and will use it to destroy the Party.
Ambiguity
Even at the end of the novel, many facts are not established and questions that readers have are not answered. Throughout the story, Winston is not aware of many things. He always thought that O 'Brien, a mastermind behind the torture chambers, was on his side, being enemies of the Party. If Julia never gave Winston the small slip of paper, Winston will never know who the dark-haired girl he sees everyday in the Ministry is and think that she is either a spy or a Thought Police.

This vague tone grabs the readers' attention. As readers pose more and more questions, the ambiguity makes them more eager to finish the story.

The Horrors of Totalitarian
Governments
In
1984
, the mysterious Party, Ingsoc., has absolute control over the society in "Airstrip One." It has control over so many aspects of its citizens' life that there is no way for a rebellion to ever occur. Telescreens, hidden microphones, and the unknown high officials make coordination for a rebellion nearly impossible. The Party completely takes away many basic human rights and privileges, such as freedom of speech, privacy, memories, (and, still experimenting, the sensations of orgasm).

With the creation of this abominable society, Orwell sees totalitarianism in the form even the Nazis' have not achieved. The misery manifested by fascism will continue shape into more and more extreme governments, and this vicious cycle will go on.
Why
1984?
(cont.)
Orwell presents the possibility of
the world establishing Ingsoc., the most extreme totalitarian government ever conceived, in a time span of 35 years. If 35 years is long enough for two world wars to happen, it is highly possible that humans move to the farthest and most distant of the political spectrum in that time span. George Orwell envisions a dark, sinister future that awaits civilization as he speculates in an era where human misery exists in every corner of the world.
Personal Response
1984
is an intriguing story that communicates with the reader in a very special way. Through third-person limited, Orwell brings readers to a dark, sinister world through Winston's eyes and thoughts. Although Orwell weaves Winston's train of thoughts and opinions intricately to match the plot progression, this ingenious author does not completely want to put readers into Winston's shoes. Instead, Orwell wants readers to also think by their own and delve into the subtle messages he wish to convey through his symbols and motifs.

1984
also brings lots of interesting and unexpected twists. George Orwell deliberately reveals minimal facts so that readers can discover together with Winston Orwell's mysterious world. The dark-haired girl Winston thought of murdering eventually became his lover; O 'Brien, another "conspirator" against the Party, is actually a torturer for the Minster. There are so many surprises in this classic novel that even an expert at predicting plot will find himself startled as realize that behind the picture in Mr. Charrington's room is a telescreen.
PLOT
Exposition:
Orwell presents an omnipotent totalitarian government to readers, featuring "Hate Week,"
telescreens, different ministries, etc.

Winston finds out that the young, dark-haired girl named Julia also believes that the Party is flawed and that action must be taken!
Rising Action
Winston's love affair with Julia definitely escalates, as they tell each other their opinions and motives regarding the mysterious Party.


However, the Thought Police discovered Winston and Julia as heretics and sent them to the Ministry of Love.
Climax
Winston finally submits to the Party's motives after being tortured in Room 101 with rats (his phobia).
Falling Action
Winston, like other members
of the Party or proles, is now cheering for the Oceania's victory over Eurasia. He does not doubt what Big Brother presents on the telescreen anymore.
Resolution
Winston unexpectedly gets shot by an armed guard while "loving Big Brother." Readers can infer that Winston has been vaporized, and cease to exist in past records.
Pessemistic
Even though slightly optimistic at times, the story is written in a hopeless tone. Many times throughout the story, Winston acts negatively. He vaguely remembers his last memories with his mother; his memory becomes more and more fuzzy as he feels hopeless of losing his memory, as well as being unable to do anything about it. He would often sigh when he is unable to find out more about his dystopian world. In the end, when Winston confronts O 'Brien in the Ministry of Love, he capitulates his hatred to Big Brother and hopelessly submit to the Party's ideals.
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