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Designer Babies

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by

Zack Wankowski

on 29 July 2013

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Transcript of Designer Babies

Designer Babies
A baby who's genetic makeup was artificially selected to create the perfect child
The term "Designer Babies" came from "Designer Clothing" and implied the accommodation of children.

Agar, Nicholas . "Designer Babies: Ethical Considerations." ActionBioscience. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2013. <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotechnology/agar.html
Ahmad, Mona, et al. "Designer Babies: The Good and the Bad." Weebly.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://designerbabies.weebly.com/cons.html>.
Designer Baby." Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, 16 May 2013. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Designer_baby>.
"Designer babies- Good or Bad?." Designer babies. N.p., 10 June 2009. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://designerbabies-jtcc.blogspot.com/2009/06/designer-babies-good-or-bad_10.html>.
Ly, Sarah, "Ethics of Designer Babies". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2011-03-31). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/2088.
Parry, Wynne. "Designing Life: Should Babies Be Genetically Engineered?." Live Science. N.p., 18 Feb. 2013. Web. 27 July 2013. <http://www.livescience.com/27206-genetic-engineering-babies-debate.html>.
Steere, Mike . "Designer babies: Creating the perfect child." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. N.p., 30 Oct. 2008. Web. 27 July 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/2008/TECH/science/10/30/designer.babies/
Edmonds, Molly. "How will we have children in the future?." HowStuffWorks "Science". N.p., n.d. Web. 29 July 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/human-biology/future-children1.htm>.
Parry, Wynne. "Designing Life: Should Babies Be Genetically Engineered?." Live Science. N.p., 18 Feb. 2013. Web. 27 July 2013. <http://www.livescience.com/27206-genetic-engineering-babies-debate.html>.
Works Cited

Options
Principles Respected
Principles Threatened
Principles Violated
Principles Respected
Principles Threatened
Principles Violated
Summary
Principles
Respected
Principles Threatened
Principles Violated
Everyone can use this technology
Some people can use this technology
No one can use this technology
Respect to equal opportunity
Respect the right to use technology
Respect the right to life
Respect the right to freedom over one's body
Do not harm others
Ethical Principles
Respect the right of life
Respect the right to equal opportunity
Respect the right to freedom over ones body
Do not harm others
Pursuing best interest of the child
Respect the right to use technology
Pursuing the child's best interest
Pursuing the child's best interest
Respect the right to use technology
Respect the right of life
Respect the right to equal opportunity
Respect the right to freedom over one's body
Do not harm others
Respect the right of life
Respect the right to equal opportunity
Do not harm others
Respect the right to freedom over ones body
Pursuing the child's best interest
Respect the right to use technology
Designer babies: A baby whose genetic makeup was artificially selected to create the perfect child
Ethical principles considered:
Respect the right of life
Respect the right to equal opportunity
Respect the right to freedom over ones body
Do not harm others
Right to use technology
Pursuing best interest of the child
3 options proposed
Everyone can use it, some people can use it, and no one can use it

Process
Well Known Cases
Collins family: Intended to conceive a girl after two boys to have a balanced family
Nash family: Conceived 15 embryos to see which one had genetic markers that matched their daughter. When their son was born, they used his blood and bone marrow to treat the older daughter with a rare bone marrow disease. They now have two healthy kids.
The process of creating a designer baby is known as Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)(Also known as embryo screening)
Involves taking a 3 day old embryo and pulling one of its cells to test genetic markers for diseases
Embryos that are in the clear are put into the womb, if they don't meet the parents specifications, they are thrown away
More about the process
Most often used to screen cancer
Determines viable embryos and determines which are prone for miscarriage
Used to create "savior siblings" or genetic matches for sick siblings in need of transplants
Some clinics have begun using this technology to select traits like gender
What people think
In a survey done by NYU school of medicine, 75% of people support using PGD
Others want to use it to test potential athletic ability, improved intelligence, and anticipated height
We are against designer babies
There would be no individuality, create a larger gap between classes, and create a society of superficiality
Also unnatural, there is no such thing as a perfect child
Conclusion
Advantages
Disadvantages
Prevent a child from getting a disease by altering the gene
Treatment of disease, by the newborn providing stem cells to treat a sick sibling
Better family health, by modifying genes it can eliminate hereditary illnesses
Treatment costs $19,000, only wealthy could use it
Create an even bigger divide between social classes
No guarantee that it works
Everyone would be the same, no individuality
Various moral issues
Moral Issues
No such thing as a "perfect child" and sends the wrong message
Causes parents to have higher expectations and be disappointed if they do not receive their idea of the perfect child
Embryos that don't meet parents specifications are thrown away
Questions?
Allows parents to determine height, intelligence, athleticism, hair color, eye color, weight, personality, and much more
Allows parents to have complete control of their child's life
What this technology can do
Full transcript