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Joel

Survey of the minor prophet, Joel, according to Dan Melhus.
by

Ian Quinn

on 23 December 2012

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Transcript of Joel

JOEL REVIEW HOSEA IS WRITTEN TO ISRAEL BETWEEN 750-725 BC HOSEA MEANS "SALVATION" AND IS DERIVED FROM THE SAME WORD AS JESUS AND JOSHUA IS A CALL TO REPENTANCE AND A WARNING TO THE PEOPLE OF THE IMMINENT DESTRUCTION BY THE ASSYRIANS GOD'S LOVE FOR ISRAEL IS MIRRORED IN HOSEA'S RELATIONSHIP WITH GOMER. AFTER SHE LEAVES HIM AND COMMITS ADULTERY HE STILL LOVINGLY ACCEPTS HER BACK. BUFORD CHURCH OF CHRIST AUTHOR TIMELINE THEME BACKGROUND OUTLINE LESSONS JOEL EXTERNALS OF RELIGION ARE NOT TO BE REGARDED HIGHLY GOD DESIRES A CONTRITE HEART CLAMATY TENDS TO TURN MEN AND MAKE THEM MORE WILLING TO HEAR THOSE WHO LIVE AGAINST GOD SHOULD FEAR HIS COMING JUDGEMENT GOD IS MERCIFUL TO ALL GOD'S JUDGEMENT WILL BE JUST AND SEVERE TO THE DISOBEDIENT GOD'S PEOPLE ARE UNDER HIS PROTECTION AND NEED NOT FEAR DURING TIMES OF PERSECUTION THE NAME JOEL COMBINES GOD'S NAME YHWH (YAHWEH) AND EL (GOD), AND IS TRANSLATED AS "YHWH IS GOD." THIS WAS A COMMON NAME HE IS "THE SON OF PETHUEL." (1:1) SCHOLARS ARE UNSURE EXACTLY WHERE JOEL FALLS IN HISTORY. IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN WRITTEN AS EARLY AS 900 BC TO AS LATE AS 400 BC THIS COULD MAKE IT THE OLDEST OR THE YOUNGEST OF THE MINOR PROPHETS REASONS EARLY DATE - NO REFERENCE IS MADE TO ASSYRIA OR TO BABYLON. THE ENEMIES MENTIONED ARE THE PHILISTINES, PHOENICIANS, EGYPTIANS AND EDOMITES. THESE ARE NOT THE ENEMIES OF THE EXILE PERIOD. LATER DATE - ONLY JUDAH IS MENTIONED AND NOT ISRAEL. NO KINGS OR IDOL WORSHIP ARE MENTIONED WHICH COULD MEAN THEY HAD BOTH ALREADY CEASED TO EXIST. REPENT 1:5-7, 12-14; 2:12-15, 17; 3:4-7 WAKE UP, YOU DRUNKARDS, AND WEEP!
WAIL, ALL YOU DRINKERS OF WINE; WAIL BECAUSE OF THE NEW WINE,
FOR IT HAS BEEN SNATCHED FROM YOUR LIPS.
A NATION HAS INVADED MY LAND,
A MIGHTY ARMY WITHOUT NUMBER;
IT HAS THE TEETH OF A LION,
THE FANGS OF A LIONESS.
IT HAS LAID WASTE MY VINES
AND RUINED MY FIG TREES.
IT HAS STRIPPED OFF THEIR BARK
AND THROWN IT AWAY,
LEAVING THEIR BRANCHES WHITE. THE VINE IS DRIED UP
AND THE FIG TREE IS WITHERED;
THE POMEGRANATE, THE PALM AND THE APPLE TREE-
ALL THE TREES OF THE FIELD-ARE DRIED UP.
SURELY THE PEOPLE'S JOY
IS WITHERED AWAY.
PUT ON SACKCLOTH, YOU PRIESTS, AND MOURN;
WAIL, YOU WHO MINISTER BEFORE THE ALTER.
COME, SPEND THE NIGHT IN SACKCLOTH,
YOU WHO MINISTER BEFORE MY GOD;
FOR THE GRAIN OFFERINGS AND DRINK OFFERINGS
ARE WITHHELD FROM THE HOUSE OF YOUR GOD.
DECLARE A HOLY FAST;
CALL A SACRED ASSEMBLY.
SUMMON THE ELDERS
AND ALL WHO LIVE IN THE LAND
TO THE HOUSE FO THE LORD YOUR GOD,
AND CRY OUT TO THE LORD "EVEN NOW," DECLARES THE LORD,
"RETURN TO ME WITH ALL YOUR HEART,
WITH FASTING AND WEEPING AND MOURNING."
REND YOUR HEART
AND NOT YOUR GARMENTS.
RETURN TO THE LORD YOUR GOD,
FOR HE IS GRACIOUS AND COMPASSIONATE,
SLOW TO ANGER AND ABOUNDING IN LOVE,
AND HE RELENTS FROM SENDING CALAMITY.
WHO KNOWS? HE MAY TURN AND RELENT
AND LEAVE BEHIND A BLESSING-
GRAIN OFFERINGS AND DRINK OFFERINGS
FOR THE LORD YOUR GOD.
BLOW THE TRUMPET IN ZION,
DECLARE A HOLY FAST,
CALL A SACRED ASSEMBLY. LET THE PRIESTS, WHO MINISTER BEFORE THE LORD
WEEP BETWEEN THE PORTICO AND THE ALTAR.
LET THEM SAY, "SPARE YOUR PEOPLE, LORD.
DO NOT MAKE YOUR INHERITANCE AN OBJECT OF SCORN,
A BYWORD AMONG THE NATIONS.
WHY SHOULD THEY SAY AMONG THE PEOPLES,
'WHERE IS THEIR GOD?'" "NOW WHAT HAVE YOU AGAINST ME, TYRE AND SIDON AND ALL YOU REGIONS OF PHILISTIA? ARE YOU REPAYING ME FOR SOMETHING I HAVE DONE? IF YOU ARE PAYING ME BACK, I WILL SWIFTLY AND SPEEDILY RETURN ON YOUR OWN HEADS WHAT YOU HAVE DONE. FOR YOU TOOK MY SILVER AND MY GOLD AND CARRIED OFF MY FINEST TREASURES TO YOUR TEMPLES. YOU SOLD THE PEOPLE OF JUDAH AND JERUSALEM TO THE GREEKS, THAT YOU MIGHT SEND THEM FAR FROM THEIR HOMELAND. SEE, I AM GOING TO ROUSE THEM OUT OF THE PLACES TO WHICH YOU SOLD THEM, AND I WILL RETURN ON YOUR OWN HEADS WHAT YOU HAVE DONE THE PLAGUE IS COMING DEVASTATION OF JUDAH SUMMONS TO REPENTANCE THE DAY OF JEHOVAH BLESSING PROMISED TO ISRAEL JUDGEMENT ON THE NATIONS JUDAH SHALL DWELL FOREVER 1:2-20 2:1-17 2:18-32 3:1-16 3:16-21 V. 2-7 HEAR THIS, YOU ELDERS;
GIVE EAR, ALL INHABITANTS OF THE LAND!
HAS SUCH A THING HAPPENED IN YOUR DAYS,
OR IN THE DAYS OF YOUR FATHERS?
TELL YOU CHILDREN OF IT,
AND LET YOUR CHILDREN TELL THEIR CHILDREN,
AND THEIR CHILDREN TO ANOTHER GENERATION.
WHAT THE CUTTING LOCUST LEFT,
THE SWARMING LOCUST HAS EATEN.
WHAT THE SEARMING LOCUST LEFT,
THE HOPPING LOCUST HAS EATEN,
AND WHAT THE HOPPING LOCUST LEFT, THE DESTROYING LOCUST HAS EATEN.
AWAKE, YOU DRUNKARDS, AND WEEP,
AND WAIL, ALL YOU DRINKERS OF WINE,
BECAUSE OF THE SWEET WINE,
FOR IT IS CUT OFF FROM YOUR MOUTH.
FOR A NATION HAS COME UP AGAINST MY LAND,
POWERFUL AND BEYOND NUMBER;
ITS TEETH ARE LIONS' TEETH,
AND IT HAS TEH FANGS OF A LIONESS.
IT HAS LAID WASTE MY VINE
AND SPLINTERED MY FIG TREE;
IT HAS STRIPPED OFF THEIR BARK AND
THROWN IT DOWN;
THEIR BRANCHES ARE MADE WHITE. V. 12-13 "YET EVEN NOW," DECLARES THE LORD,
RETURN TO ME WITH ALL YOUR HEART,
WITH FASTING, WITH WEEPING, AND WITH MOURNING;
AND REND YOUR HEARTS AND NOT YOUR
GARMENTS.
RETURN TO THE LORD YOUR GOD,
FOR HE IS GRACIOUS AND MERCIFUL,
SLOW TO ANGER, AND ABOUNDING IN
STEADFAST LOVE;
AND HE RELENTS OVER DISASTER V. 18-19 THEN THE LORD BECAME JEALOUS FOR HIS LAND
AND HAD PITY ON HIS PEOPLE.
THE LORD ANSWERED AND SAID TO HIS PEOPLE,
BEHOLD, I AM SENDING TO YOU
GRAIN, WINE, AND OIL,
AND YOU WILL BE SATISFIED;
AND I WILL NO MORE MAKE YOU A REPROACH AMONG THE NATIONS. V. 1-2 "FOR BEHOLD, IN THOSE DAYS AND AT THAT TIME, WHEN I RESTORE THE FORTUNES OF JUDAH AND JERUSALEM, I WILL GATHER ALL THE NATIONS AND BRING THEM DOWN TO THE VALLEY OF JEHOSHAPHAT. AND I WILL ENTER INTO JUDGEMENT WITH THEM THERE, ON BEHALF OF MY PEOPLE AND MY HERITAGE ISRAEL, BECAUSE THEY HAVE SCATTERED THEM AMONG THE NATIONS AND HAVE DIVIDED UP MY LAND V. 16-17 THE LORD ROARS FROM ZION, AND UTTERS HIS VOICE FROM JERUSALEM, AND THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH QUAKE. BUT THE LORD IS A REFUGE TO HIS PEOPLE, A STRONGHOLD TO PEOPLE OF ISRAEL. SO YOU SHALL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD YOUR GOD, WHO DWELLS IN ZION, MY HOLY MOUNTAIN. AND JERUSALEM SHALL BE HOLY, AND STRANGERS SHALL NEVER AGAIN PASS THROUGH IT. LOCUST, DROUGHT AND FIRES ARE CALAMATIES OFTEN MENTIONED IN JOEL. SOME THINK THESE LOCUST ARE AN INVADING ARMY. THERE PROBABLY WERE LITERAL LOCUSTS AND JOEL USES THESE FOR HIS MESSAGE. IS OFTEN IS A REMEMBERED BOOK BECAUSE OF PETER'S AFFIRMATION ON PENTECOST THAT THE OUTPOURING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT WAS THE FULFILLMENT OF JOEL'S PROPHECY (JOEL 2:28-32, ACTS 2:17-21) JOEL IS WRITTEN TO JUDAH.
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