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Animalia Biology project

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by

Kyle Depperschmidt

on 5 March 2012

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Transcript of Animalia Biology project

The Kingdom Animalia
Project by Kyle Depperschmidt, Meaghan Ford, Karli Wilson, and Aileen Withers
Splits into 9 major phyla
primitive and up and up to advanced
Phylum Porifera
Phylum Cnidaria
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Phylum Nematoda
Phylum Mollusca
Phylum Annelida
Phylum Arthropoda
Phylum Echinodermata
Phylum Chordata
Common name is sponge
Sponges are asymmetrical
Sponges do not have any tissues or organs
Porifera is the scientific name
Class Hydrozoa
Class Scyphozoa
Class Turbellaria
Class Cestoda
Class Trematoda
Roundworm is the common name
Parasitic in nature
No segmentation
Caenorhabditis elegans is the scientific name
Class Polylacophora
Class Gastropoda
Class Bivalvia
Class Cephalopoda
Class Polychaeta
Class Oligochaeta
Class Hirudinea
Subphylum Crustacea
Class Arachnida
Class Malacostaca
Class Asteroidea
Class Ophiuroidea
Class Crinoidea
Class Echinoidea
Class Holothuroidea
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha
Class Conreicthyes
Class Osteicthyes
Class Amphibia
Class Reptilia
Class Aves
Class Mammalia
Segmented worms that are bilaterally symmetrical
Protostomes
Earthworms fall under this phylum
First of the phylums to have a true coelom.

though there are many forms, they all have a three part body plan. The body plan consists of a foot, a visceral mass, and a mantle

Octopi, Nautilus, and snails fall here
Leech is the common name
usually suckers at both ends
flattened body
Hirudo medicinalis is the scientific name
Earthworm is the common name
Few setae
Head not well developed
Lumbricus terrestris is the scientific name
First of the phyla to have joints on appendages

Have exoskeletons made of chitin

take aerial, terrestrial, and aquatic forms

insects, spiders, and crabs fall here
Feather Duster is the common name
Parapodia
Many Bristles (setae)
Sabellastarte indica is the scientific name
Radially symmetrical

Most have distinct tissue

Jellyfish and Sea anemones go in this phylum
Hydra is the common name
Most have polyp and medusa stages in life
Nerve net
Hydra vulgaris is the scientific name
Jellyfish is the common name
Exclusively marine
The medusa stage is prominant
Aurelia is the scientific name
Class Anthrozoa
Sea anemones is common names
Medusa stage absent
can be solitary or colonial
Cribrinopsis fernaldi is the scientific name
Planarian is the common name
Mostly free-living aquatic or terrestrial forms
Some are parasitic
Dugesia is the scientific name
Common names is chitons
Have elongated body
reduced head similar to ancestral mollusks
Chaetopleura apiculata is the scientific name
Tapeworms is the common name
Parasitic
No digestic system
Taenia saginata is the scientific name
Snails are a common animal
Visceral mass is twisted during development
Has distinct eyes and tentacles are usually present
Gastropoda is the scientific name
Fluke is the common name
Internal parasites
Mouth at anterior end
Fasciola hepatica is the scientific name
Oyster is a common name
Have two shells connected by a hinge
have no radula (rasping tongue)
Crassostrea madrasensis is the scientific name
Squid is the common names
Foot modified into tentacles
Uses jet propulsion
Teuthida is the scientific name
Sow bugs is one of the common name
Typically 5 pairs of legs
two pairs of antennae
Oniscus asellus is the scientific name
Spider is the common name
Terrestrial
Uses book lungs and tracheae for respiration
Araneae is the scientific name
Deuterostomes
Adults are radially symmetrical
Starfish go here
Parasitic
Unsegmented worms
Roundworms go here
Coeloms present
Have a notochord
Lancelets go here
Bilaterally symmetrical acoelomates
Without true segments
Flatworms go here
Body wall consists of two cell layers
Choanocytes line internal cavity to be used as food-filtering cells
Sponges go here
Predominantly aquatic
Mandibles
Crabs go here
Sea cucumber is a common name
Elongated, thickened body
Tentacles around mouth
Parastichopus califonicus
Sand dollars is one common name
Spherical body
Five-part body plan still apparent
Echinarachnius parma is the scientific name
Feather star is one common name
Mouth faces upward
Surrounded by many arms
Cenometra bella is the scientific name
Basket star is a common name
Usually has 5 delicate arms/rays
The central disk is covered with a loose-fitting skin
Gorgonocephalus eucnemis is the scientific name
Sea stars is a common name
Mouth directly downward
Double rows of tube feet on each arm
Asterios forbesii is the scientific name
Most of the notocord is replaced by spinal column composed of vertebrae that protects the dorsal nerve
reconizable head containing head
Fish go here
lamprey is a common name
Fish without true jaws
No paired fins
Lampetra tridentata is the scientific name
Shark is a common name
Fish with jaws and paired fins
cartilaginous skeleton
Carcharodon carcharias is the scientific name
Fish that have actual bones
also have well developed jaw
common names include tuna and salmon
Salvelinus namaycush (trout) is the scientific name
Frog is a common name
Gills present at some stage
Slimy skin
Rana temporaria is the scientific name
Have scales and real teeth
first of the chordates to have amniotic eggs (eggs that don't need to be kept wet)
crocodiles fall here
Crocodylus niloticus is the scientific name
Bird is the common name
Four-chambered heart
body covered by feathers
Aves

Mammals are characterized by:
have Hair
Production of milk by modified sweat glands, which are called mammary glands
are endothermic
breath with lungs.
most give birth to live young, except for three species
House cat goes here, Felis domesticus
Order Rodentia
Order Chiroptera
Order Marsupialia
These mammals have two continuously growing incissors in their upper and lower jaws. must be kept short by gnawing

Things like hamsters and squirrels go here
Bat is the common name
Leathery wings
One of few mammals capable of flight
Chiroptera
Order Insectivora
Eyes are usually very small. They have sharp teeth and long pointed snouts

Hedgehogs go here
Koala is a common name
Endothermic
Pouches to hold young
Phascolarctos cinereus is the scientific name
Order Carnivora
These mammals have very sharp canine teeth and an acute sense of smell

Wolves!!
Order Primates
Chimpanzees and humans are some common names
Four main stages in life
Uses sweat glands to "cool off"
Homo sapiens (humans) is the scientific name
Order Artiodactyla
Order Cetacea
Terrestrial herbivores with an even number of foes

Llamas! Watch out! They spit!
Dolphin is a common name
Long head with elongated snout
Its body tapers to its tail or fluke to create a streamline body shape
Delphinus tropicalis is the scientific name
Order Lagomorpha
Four incissors in upper jaw, wholly herbivorous

Rabbits go here
Order Pinnipedia
Order Edentata
Walrus is a common name
Thick leathery skin
Long tusks
Odobenus rosmarus is the scientific name
Order Pholidota
Reduced teeth with limbs made for digging

Sloth go here
Order Perissodactyla
Elephant shrew is the common name
Long pointed head
Trunk-like nose
Rhynchocyon cirnei is the scientific name
Have large scales of keratin covering their body

pangolins go here
Order Sirenia
Order Monotremata
Manatee is a common name
Wrinkled body
Long body with flippers
trichechus (only genus) is the scientific name
Only mammals to lay eggs. there are only three species of monotremes with platypus being the most commonly known
Ornithorhynchus anatinus is the scientific name
Class Proboscidea
Have a trunk, which is a long extension of the nose
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