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Transcript of P2MA
I guess Geography of Europe When the last Roman dictator died in A.D. 476 Rome fell apart into smaller kingdoms. Europe is a continent, but it is also a very large peninsula made up of smaller peninsulas. Because of this Europe lies within three-hundred miles of an ocean or sea. Trade and fishing was very inportant.
Rivers are inportant for Europe.
The rivers are the Rhine, Danube, Vistula, Volga, Seine, and Po Rivers. These rivers made it faster to travel and trade. They aso provided safty.
They had mountain ranges too, they are the Carpathians, Alps, and Pyremees. The mountains separated diffrent kingdoms.
The weather in Europe depended where you lived. Also in the Middle Ages land was more important than money. Charlemagne He believed in education, and he had students, they learned literature, arthumetic, and music, also Latin.
He was also king of the Franks. He was very intelligent, and enjoyed astronomy. He had at least 18 children. Religon Christianity had become the offical religion for Rome.
A priest named Patrick spread Christianity through Ireland.
There is 7 main religons, most of the relating to Christianity or Islam.
Religon was an inportant part of life for the Middle ages. Wealthy people payed to build cathedrals. Feudalism When Charemagne's empire fell, nobles got more power. During the A.D. 800s this shift of power from kings to the nobles led to a new social order called feudalism.
Feudalism was a set of political and military customs in medieval Europe that was used between the ninth and fifteenth centuries, which, broadly defined, was a system for ordering society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.
Location The exact location of Europe is 50 North
and 30 East Kings and Queens
Lords and Ladies
peasants and serfs 1
4 Black Death It was between the years of 1347-1351.
1/3 or 2/3 of Europe died from the plauge.
It was first appeared in China in 1333 and was spread by people on the silk road to the Middle East, and from there carried by merchants across the sea to Messina, where it infested the rest of Europe. Some people were immune to the diesease and survived. They were born with it and so they didn't die.
Doctors treatments didn't help the sick. It acually made it worse.
Blood letting was a method used by doctors. they would have the people bleed badly so that the disease would wash out with the blood. It made the person die earlyer. Languages There was 15 languages,
Catalan, French, Portuges, German, Solvene, English, Irish, Greek, Duch, Maltese, Halian, Russian, Norwegen, Latin, and Spanish. Crusades also knows as the Holy Wars The Crusades were fought between Christians and Muslims. It lasted about 200 years. Also when it finally ended, the Christians brought home new knowlage. Culture Europe experienced a building boom in the A.D 1000s and the 1100s. Manorial System The land of the fiefs waas called a manor. The lord ruled the manor and the peasants worked it. Some peasants were freemen, who paid the noble for the right to farm on land. They had rights and could move whenever and wherever they wanted. Most peasants were serfs. These peasants couldn't leave the land. Inventions Some new or inproved inventions were the Heavy plough, Tidal mills, the Hour glass, Blast Furnace, liquor, eye glass, the mechanical clock, spinning wheel, and printing press. Magna Carta King John raised taxes in England and punished his enimies without trials. Many english nobles resent the king's power. They refused to obey him unless he agreed to guarantee certain rights to them. The nobles met with him and fored John to sign a document of rights called the Magna Carta. It took away some of his powers. He could no longer collect taxes unless a group called the Great Council agreed. There was now trials for the guilty. A lord was a noble who held land, a vassal was a person who was granted possession of the land by the lord, and the land was known as a fief. In exchange for the use of the fief and the protection of the lord, the vassal would provide some sort of service to the lord.
Before a lord could grant land (a fief) to someone, he had to make that person a vassal. This was done at a formal and symbolic ceremony called a commendation ceremony composed of the two-part act of homage and oath of fealty. During homage, the lord and vassal entered a contract in which the vassal promised to fight for the lord at his command, whilst the lord agreed to protect the vassal from outsiders. Crusader on horseback Thank you for whatching Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci was a inportant role in the renaissace. He was an astronomer, sculpture, geologist, mathematician, botanist, animal behaviorist, inventor, engineer, architect and even a musician. He was all of these things and more. and he had many inventions. Also he inproved many things, here is a small list of what he invented and inproved. Civil machines
Water pumps canals
Made a large range of Crossbows
Scythed chariots He also invented the first scissors The Black Rat flying machines cross bow Also their clothing was mostly wool or linen. And a famous food was meat. Preferably lamb.