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The Northern Colonies
Transcript of The Northern Colonies
Mayflower Compact- 1st government document signed by all adult males
Government based on Puritan religion. Ex: Salem Witch trials. religion The dominant religion was Puritan.
The colony was formed for religious refuge
They were afraid of being persecuted by the church of England and decided that going to the New World would give them the freedom they were searching for.
Ironically, they were prejudiced against other religions. Example: Quakers. Founded 1636 "the traditional home of the
-The American Pageant In 1663, Williams was granted a royal charter for the Colony of Rhode Island from King Charles II. Chartered Colony The first settlement on Rhode Island was founded at Providence in 1636 by Roger Williams, an advocate of religious freedom who was banished from the Puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony. Type Of Colony Founded in 1623 by John Mason and others, as a proprietary colony. Political Structure Economic and Social Structure Originally absorbed by Massachusetts in 1641, however it is eventually separated by the king and is made a Royal Colony in 1679. First Baptist church in America established by Roger Williams Freedom of religion and religious tolerance Founded on principle of separation of church and state Rhode Island attracted outcasts and was scorned by Puritan colonists as home to the "Lord's debris". Anna Novak
Juan Mendoza Economic and Social Structure Was envisioned as a colony for business and expansion Principal employment of settlers was fishing and trading Settlers also took part in ship building, as well as fur and timber trading.
The Puritans were extremely religious people who were eager for everyone to have the ability to study scriptures and insisted on a learned ministry. However in the summer of 1962 in Salem, 19 people were hung and one was crushed to death because they were found guilty of witchcraft. This epidemic ended soon due to the fact that the trials and punishments became too harsh and unjust.
Eventually Massachusetts was able to prosper with the help from the Indians who taught the colonists how to farm, fish and hunt. Major industries were agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), and manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding). Dominant working class Small coast provided many opportunities for social mobility. Agriculture more prevalent than in other Northern colonies, due to Rhode Island's slightly warmer climate Thriving fishing and lumber industry Most Rhode Islanders were religious refugees and not particularly wealthy The English King's charter for Rhode Island specified that no one was to be persecuted based on religion. Free men in Rhode Island voted for a Governor and governor's assistants, as well as elected representatives.
Roger Williams: President of the Colony of Rhode Island Political Structure Type of Colony Self-Governing Religion Connecticut was founded by Puritan leader Thomas Hooker and the Congregational Church was the only recognized religion until the 1700s. Economic & Social Structure Major economic activities were cattle&grain/iron/shipbuilding/lumber.
Slaves Founded by Thomas Hooker and emigrants from Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1633 Political Structure
Had what is considered a first constitution: The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut from 1639 to 1662. Massachusetts Connecticut Religion Government uniquely free from religious influence Connecticut considered a birthplace of modern democracy Religion Became a royal province governed by British in 1679.
1741: regained provincial status and put its own governor in place. Government included governor, adviser and a representative body. Dominant religion was puritan.
Each individual church was self-governing. This was known as a Congregationalist structure.