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Spanish 5-6 Subjunctive

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by

Madi Taylor

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Spanish 5-6 Subjunctive

El presente y los irregulares El Subjuntivo The subjunctive is used to express wants, wishes, or doubts. When to use el subjuntivo? 1. Put the verb in the "yo" form present.
2. Chop off the "-o"
3. "flip-flop" the endings How to Form the Subjunctive How to Form the Subjunctive: endings Examples V cab #11 V cab #10 yo tú Ud./él/ella nosotros uds./ellos/ellas -e -es -e -emos -en -a -as -a -amos -an Ud./él/ella nosotros uds./ellos/ellas tú yo hable hables hable hablemos hablen -ar Irregulars -er/-ir Dar Ir Ser Haber Estar Saber dé des dé demos den vaya vayas vaya vayamos vayan sea seas sea seamos sean haya esté estés esté estémos estén sepa sepas sepa sepamos sepan -car -gar -zar -ger que gue cé ja busque juegue empiecé proteja -car -gar -zar verbs The subjunctive is used when there are 2 groups of people and group 1 wants, wishes, or doubts with group 2's actions. How to use the subjunctive Group 1 (main clause)
*PRESENT TENSE* that Group 2 (dependent clause)
*SUBJUNCTIVE* Yo quiero que mi amiga y su hermanito convivan en paz. I wish that my friend and her little brother coexist in peace. Es bueno que mi padre participe en una campaña fantastica. It's good that my dad participates in a fantastic campaign. Es bueno que él proteja su hermana en el centro de comunidad. It's good that he protects his sister in the community center. Es bueno que nosotros consumamos menos. It's good that we consume less. Es bueno que los estudiantes dén a los enfermos. It's good that the students give to the sick people. V cab #12 colabrar con- to colaberate with
conservar más- to conserve more
consumir menos- to consume less
cuidar de- to take care of
hacer un esfuerzo- to make an effort
permitir- to permit
pertenecer- to belong
centro de rehabilitación- rehab center
derechos humanos- human rights
preservar- to preserve
resolvar- to resolve
el desarrollo- the development
los enfermos- the sick people
minusválidos- the handicapped
ser humano- to be a human being
crear- to create Campaña- the campaign
Solución- the solution
Educar al publico- to educate the public
Servicio social- social service
Donar- to donate
Participar- to participate
Votar- to vote
Centro de la comunidad- community center
Voluntario- the volunteer
Embellecer- to beautify
Pobreza- poverty
Ciudadano- citizen
Convivir- to live with/ to coexist
Jóvenes- young people
Ancianos- elderly
Valorar- to value
Luchar- to fight
Prejuicio- predjudice ¿Cómo puedo ayudarte?- How can I help you?
¿Podrías darme una mano?- Can you lend me a hand?
¿Puedes ayudarme?- Can you help me?
¿Puedes hacerme un favor?- Can you do me a favor?
Estoy agotado- to be exhausted
Lo siento mucho- I'm very sorry
Me es imposible- it's impossible for me
Con mucho gusto- with much pleasure
Si pudiera, lo haría- if I could, I would do it
Responder- to respond Hablar Escribir tú yo Ud./él/ella uds./ellos/ellas escriba escribas escriba escribamos escriban nosotros
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