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Pronouns

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by

Karelia Lanuza

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Pronouns

Rules
Rule #1
: The objective pronouns are: me, you, him, her, it, us and them. Objective pronouns receive the action the verb suggests; look for a preposition which modifies the pronoun.
Rule #2
: One of the most common mistakes made when using objective pronouns is when using the compound subject you and me. You is the same in the subjective and the objective case. People get confused between I and me. The way to check this is to remove the second-person pronoun.
Pronouns
Subjective (cont)
Common pronouns include he, her, him, I, it, me, she, them, they, us, and we.
Often a pronoun takes the place of a particular noun. This noun is known as the antecedent. A pronoun "refers to," or directs your thoughts toward, its antecedent.

Examples
We decided to go on a road trip to Islands of Adventure together.
I woke up early in order to do grocery shopping at Publix.
She was tired when she came back from work.
Objective
An object pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used typically as a grammatical object: the direct or indirect object of a verb, or the object of a preposition.
Subjective
A subject pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used as the subject of a verb.

Rule #1:

Subject pronouns are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

Rule #2:
Subject pronouns are also used if they rename the subject. They follow to be verbs such as is, are, was, were, am, and will be.

By:
Sara Diaz
Michelle Landa
Karelia Lanuza

Examples
Possessive
A possessive pronoun tells you who owns something. The possessive pronouns are
hers, his, its, mine, ours, theirs, and yours.
Rules
Rule #1:
Possessive determiners replace just the person who owns the item. They must always be followed by a noun.
Rule #2:
There are no apostrophes in possessive pronouns.
Examples
Reflexive
A reflexive pronoun refers back to the subject of a sentence. The reflexive pronouns are
herself, himself, itself, myself, ourselves, themselves, and yourselves
.
Reflexive pronouns are words that show that the person who does the action is also the person who is affected by it.

Examples
Personal
Personal pronouns represent specific people or things.


Examples
Commonly Misused Words
Farther vs. Further
Affect vs. Effect
Divided by vs. Divided into
Fix
Farther vs. Further
Farther means "more far/distant" in physical distance.
Further means "more far/distant" non-physically, and can also mean "more/additional"
Examples
Emily ran
farther
than Jessica.
Jamie needed
further
knowledge about the subject.
Affect vs. Effect
The majority of the time you use affect with an a as a verb and effect with an e as a noun.
Affect with an a means "to influence".
Effect with an e means "a result".
Examples
Divided By vs. Divided Into
One must be careful when using these two due to the fact that they are ambiguous
You must change the order of the numbers, as they both have different results.
Examples
12
divided by
6 is 12/6
12
divided into
6 is 6/12
When to use "fix"
The word fix has various meanings.
To secure; make stable or firm
To get a badge, the girl scouts had to fix the tent poles securely into the ground.
To direct steadily
My sister's eyes were fixed on the road.
To set or place definitely; establish
Our new home is fixed on the countryside
To correct or set right; adjust
My father fixed all of the wobbly door handles around the house.
To make ready; prepare
Emily fixed herself a milkshake.
Quiz
Don't take away his teddy bear or he'll start crying.
This money isn't ours to keep.
That white house across from the park is mine.

When trying to make pancakes, my cousin burned himself.
Everyday, we have to leave our puppy at home by himself.
People don't like working on projects by themselves.
Her decision to become a writer will
affect
her future.
The
effect
of the lightning storm was a power outage.
The gym teacher forced me run a mile around the field.
Take a picture of her, not us!
He beat his rival by one second in the Triathlon.
When Darcy came home, it had been made clear she was out partying.
1. When renaming a subject, what verbs do they follow?

2. When are subject pronouns used in a sentence?

3. What do objective pronouns receive?

4. Which two pronouns are mistakenly used?

5. Give three examples of possessive pronouns.

6. What must always follow possessive pronouns?
Quiz (Conti.)
Answers
1. They follow to be verbs such as is, are, was, were, am, and will be.
2. They are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.
3. Objective pronouns receive the action the verb suggests.
4. 'You' and 'Me'.
5. Hers, his, its, mine, ours, theirs, and yours.
6. A verb must always follow possessive pronouns.
7. The subject of a sentence.
8. Herself, himself, itself, myself, ourselves, themselves, and yourselves.
9. Affect: "to "influence". Effect: "a result".
10. To make, ready; prepare.
7. What does a reflexive pronoun refer back to?

8. Give two examples of reflexive pronouns.

9. What is the difference of 'effect' and 'affect'?

10. What is the meaning of 'fix' in the following sentence?
Jennifer fixed herself a bowl of cereal for breakfast.
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