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Janine Comrie - Norway

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Janine Comrie

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Janine Comrie - Norway

Finland Sweden Iceland Norway Scandinavia UK North Sea Norwegian Sea Denmark Russia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland Belarus is along its western coast. is along its eastern coast. is to the south of Noway. Norway is temperate along its coast and colder farther inland. Rugged mountains cover 2/3 of Norway along with fertile valleys. Industries include petroleum, natural gas, copper, iron ore, hydropower, timber, lead, and fishing. 2.87% of Norwegian land is arable Capital City: Oslo, Norway Population: around 5 million People first settled in Norway around 10,000 years ago. Before people began farming in around 3000 BCE, they relied on hunting and fishing. Around the time the Viking Age ended in 1030, there existed 3 classes. In 1030, a king named Olaf introduced Christianity to the people of Norway and converted them, and the kingdoms of Norway were united. Jarls (nobles) Freemen Thralls (slaves) History The Norwegian Empire, which encompassed Greenland and Iceland having conquered those regions during the Middle Ages, lasted until 1350 which was the year the Black Death eliminated half of its population. The Protestant Reformation made its way to Norway and gained followers of Lutheranism in the 1530s. Norway united with Denmark in 1380 which would last until 1814. They adopted their national constitution when the union with Denmark ended. Norway entered a union with Sweden soon afterward which lasted until 1905. Norway gained independence in 1905. The people of Norway were able to choose their own king, the first chosen being Prince Carl of Denmark who then became King Haakon VII. Women had gained the right to vote in both local and national elections by 1913. Norway was neutral during World War I and in the beginning of World War II but was invaded and forced under German occupation later in World War II in April 1940. In the 1970s, many workers in the agriculture and timber industry moved into the service industry. Norway quickly recovered after World War II with rising employment and prosperity, especially from the 1950s to the 1970s. The two official languages are Bokmal Norwegian and Nynorsk Norwegian.

There are also Finnish- and Sami- speaking minorities. There is an abundance of seafood in the diet of Norway's citizens in addition to it being a significant industry. Herring, cod, salmon, and mackerel are eaten very often there. Popular dishes include smoked salmon for breakfast, seafood bisques, and Bacalao (salted and dried fish) often used in casseroles with onions, peppers, olives, and tomatoes. Their fish in addition to their meat and game have often been dried, salted, and pickled for preservation. This seafood diet allows the people of Norway to lead very healthy lifestyles. Norway's fishing industry is booming as it is a very large exporter of various types of seafood. Foods Other food facts The first settlers of Norway hunted animals including elk, whales, seals, and deer. Other common items eaten are peas, carrots, cabbage, and potatoes (often used to make potato dough for thin pancakes). Dill, lingonberry relish, and sweet-and-sour sauces are other common flavors. Jarlsberg cheese is another famous Norwegian export. Bunads Men and women wear this traditional costume for celebrations such as weddings and baptisms. These expensive outfits are made up of embroidered wool, linen, cotton, and silk. There are also sometimes elements of gold and silver in the thread or decorations of handmade jewelry. People wear the bunad designs specifically associated with the region in which their family is from. A council, strict about upholding the historical traditions, defines and classifies new bunad designs based on their authenticity. This traditional outfit dates back to the 1700s and 1800s though new designs are still made today based on the older folk attire. Art Edvard Munch Eilif Peterssen Gustav Vigeland Munch was born in Norway and lived there for most of his life. In the 1900s, he contributed greatly to the development of Modernism in Norway, abandoning provincial and community life and subjects for radical themes. He conveyed universal statements, focused on the individual, and depicted the psyche of man. Complex emotions were conveyed in his famous works including "Melancholy", "Anxiety", and "The Scream". Peterssen was a very prominent portrait painter and brought delicate and impressionistic features and techniques in works such as "Sunshine, Kalvøya" to life in Norway. Elaborate landscapes were also prominent in his paintings. Vigeland promoted sculpture in Norway creating the largest sculpture park to be made by one artist in Oslo, Norway. He revived the simple styles of medieval sculpting and conveyed the "cycle of life" in his figures, labyrinths, carved forests, staircases, bridges, monolith, and fountains of iron, granite, and bronze. Dances: Springar and Gangar These dances, consisting of complicated steps, turns, stomps, and acrobatics, are common in south and west Norway and are accompanied by fiddles playing the rhythm associated with the particular region. Dance: Telespringar This is an improvised dance common in Telemark, Norway in which the turns mimic the movement in traditional Norwegian floral designs. The highest positions in the Norwegian Government are the Prime Minister, the Minister of Finance, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The executive Government is chosen from the Storting (Parliament). The Storting must approve of the monarch's choices for the Prime Minister and cabinet members. The Storting itself is popularly elected to serve four-year terms. Financial proposals and bills are sent to the Norwegian national assembly (the Storting) from the executive Government. Norway is a ministerial government. Ministries include the Secretary-General (the higher administrative leader) and the Director General (the administrative leader at the department level). Norway is a constitutional monarchy and consists of 19 counties. The monarchy is hereditary. The Norwegian Government is the executive branch of government. Though it has less power than given to those of most other Western countries, the head of the Government, the Prime Minister, still must sign off on a royal decree for it to be implemented. Members of the Storting meeting Architecture Wooden stave churches are traditional structures decorating the landscape of Norway. They were built before the Black Death struck Norway, and only 25 were preserved because they, unlike earlier models, were built slightly off the ground, preventing the wood from rotting. Some characteristics of different stave churches include naves (the cross shaped center of the churches), masts (upright poles), and/or high ceilings held by freestanding poles. Many structures are in curvy modern shapes. There is also some rural architecture including the stacked-log farmhouses. These structures were especially prevalent from 1200 to 1900. There are also various ornate cathedrals, theaters, palaces, and castles (many of which are built into the side of mountains). Nidaros Cathedral National Theatre Most follow the Protestant Church of Norway which is based on the Evangelical-Lutheran religion. Minorities include practitioners of the Pentecostal, Roman Catholic, and Islamic religions. Unfortunately, Norway currently faces various environmental issues including long-range pollution from radioactivity and pollutants brought there by ocean-currents and wind; hazardous waste from consumer goods; an increasing mean temperature; loss in biodiversity; the dispersal of hazardous chemicals; and a rise in greenhouse emissions due to the emissions of carbon dioxide from industries/activities involving petroleum. They try to battle these challenges by developing legal international cooperation for these issues as well as developing resource management policies. Norway is not a member of the European Union, and there have been debates about this such as in 1972 and 1994 when referendums were held in which only a slight majority rejected membership both times. - Voted best country in the world to live in by the UN Current Prime Minister, Jens Stoltenberg The Viking Age began in 800 CE. It was characterized by the raids and explorations of the vikings who were skilled sailors and traders who built swift, agile, ocean-going ships. They raided countries like Scotland, England, France, and Ireland and also settled in foreign areas. It was during this time that Norway also divided into multiple kingdoms. Norway is now a big supporter of peace and looks to use negotiations to solve conflicts. Norway is a part of NATO and the UN. The people also enjoy a high standard of living and were not affected too much by the recession. "The Scream" "Sunshine, Kalvøya"
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