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Urbanization: Gilded Age

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Hayley Butler

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Urbanization: Gilded Age

Urbanization Positive Effects New Technologies facilitates communication- getting you from place to place
Helps a lot in education
helps work/chores- makes things easier and faster Cultural Benefits provides certain facilities to the citizens of the particular country
offers real economic oppurtunities
ear valuable foreign exchange & a lot of money for a country in the stock market (less export) The Gilded
Urbanization was a direct result of the Industrial Revolution. Urbanization is the growth of population inside of a city. Technology was growing, making it difficult for farmers to make a living. As factories began growing, many workers left farms for employment in urban areas. Things farms made where being made cheaper; farm items were being sold at lower prices. During the Gilded Age, there were many positive and negative effects that attributed to Urbanization. Age Negative Effects Despite what some might say, there were defiantly negative issues that went along with urbanization
Poor housing, disease, working conditions, political scandals during the late 1880s and early 1990s
by the 1900s a growing 40 percent of American citizens lived in urbanized areas Intro to Negative Effects Housing slums were located in the door areas of town. These slums were created by the large influx immigrants desiring to work in factories.
Squished, unsanitary tenements were home to many, and festered with disease and death.
Often times entire families would be crowded together, with access to only one bath that would have to be shared with surrounding families.
Without proper water filters cholera and other diseases found homes in newly urbanized areas.
Rats posed a major threat to tenement residents during the time period. Rats lived with the poor and dirty people.
Half of New York consisted of tenement, but because of their unsanitary and being poorly ventilated, tenements were a negative aspect to urbanization. Work Work days could last +10 hours a day for 6 days.
Children worked in the factories. Kids would work long days with no breaks and would make half of what an adult would make. Kids would be killed by heavy machinery and beaten by their overseers.
Labor for middle-class men shifted from outdoor manual labor to office work Tenement Philosophies Social Darwinism- "Survival of the Fittest"
Came from the idea of Charles Darwin argued that "Those species that cannot adopt to their environment in which they live gradually die, while those that can adopt, thrive, and live on."
This is applied to society in terms such as now, people competing for a scholarship The Puritans' sense of priorities in life was one of their greatest strengths. Putting God first and valuing everything else in relation to God was a recurrent Puritan theme.
The Puritans spoke of two callings—a general calling and a particular calling.
General calling is the same for everyone and consists of a call to conversion and godliness.
A particular calling consists of the specific tasks and occupations that God places before a person in the course of daily living. Puritan Work Ethic !abor Unions *worker organized first labor unions
*Constant strikes and violence eventually caused the middle class to become fed up with both union and businessmen political machines an unofficial city/state/nation organization
desinged to keep a certain party or group in power. Tamany Hall
top executive committe of the democratic party
in New York
Birthplace for famous political reprsentatives such as tweed
Tweed was a well known amrican politiction and leader of the
tamany hall
Used the spoiled system to gain appeal Political Machines would often use graft, the illegal use of political influence for per- sonal gain. Many politicians would pay bussinessmen off to vote for them. Most of the time politicions got away with being corrupt because the police would be paid or just turn their cheek.
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