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States of Matter

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by

Douglas Spishock

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of States of Matter

Everything that's Matter Matters!
Properties of Matter
Examples
If you have any questions,

make sure you write them down and give them to Mr. Spishock in class.
Hope you enjoyed the show.


Feel free to go back and look over the notes again.
States of Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space

MASS
something that can be measured, no matter how small. Even gases have mass
Light and sound is NOT matter. They cannot be measured.
Volume
Takes up space!
these people take up space in the room
the gases in the balloons take up space which is why they appear full.
Six States of Matter
Condensates
(two types)
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Plasma
most recently discovered
only created in labs
occur when atoms almost stop moving and become a super atom blob
close to absolute zero (0 Kelvin)
make superconductors or superfluids
Bose-Einstein
Fermionic
Superconductors have no electrical resistance and can repel and lock magnetic fields. This allows them to levitate as seen in the video. Also, they carry electric currents with no loss of power!
Superfluids have zero viscosity meaning they do not experience friction. This allows them to flow up and out of containers defying gravity!
have definite mass
definite shape
atoms cannot move freely but vibrate in place
has NO definite shape
but has definite volume
atoms flow and can move around
Take the shape of their container
above: different shape, same amount
NO definite shape
NO definite volume
always take the shape of their containers
atoms move randomly in different directions
highest energy of all states of matter
made of ions (electrons get separated from the atoms)
99% of all matter in the universe is plasma!
How does a plasma TV work?
CHANGES IN STATE
(Notice all the arrows and whether you add or remove energy to go to the next state.)
melting
add energy
evaporation
add energy
ionization
add energy
deionization
take away energy
condensation
take away energy
freezing
take away energy
supercooling
sublimation
when a solid becomes a gas without melting
deposition
when a gas becomes a solid instantly
add energy
Used to describe different types of matter
can help identify an unknown substance
Physical properties
Chemical Properties
no change in the substance's composition
describes how a substance will
react
Texture
granule
powder
pellet
crystal
Color, Luster
Metallic
Shiny
Dull
Transparent
Translucent
Opaque
Solubility
soluble
insoluble
Special Properties
Magnetism
UV light
State of Matter and Phase Change Temperatures
Boiling Point
Freezing Point
Melting Point
Density
This will be discussed later...
Full transcript