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Self-Rule for Canada, Australia, and New Zealand

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Steve Kim

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of Self-Rule for Canada, Australia, and New Zealand

Self-Rule for Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Internal Conflict: Canada was one of the British colonies, so some Canadians are able to speak English. However, you might noticed that they also speak French. That's because the first European rulers were the French. Canada was controlled by two different imperial powers. When Britain gained control, Britain passed the Canada Act in order to ease the ethnic tension between the French-speaking group and the English-speaking group. The Law created two provinces: English-speaking Upper Canada and French-speaking Lower Canada. The Upper Canadians followed English laws, legislature, and English royal governor. The Lower Canadians followed their laws, legislature, and royal governor. They also practiced different religions. The Upper Canadians practiced Protestant while Lower Canadians practiced Catholic. Later on, the unrest grew in both colonies. The Upper Canadians resented the power held by a small British Elite. The Lower Canadians thought that British officials ignored them. In 1837, the major rebellion began in both Upper and Lower Canada. The Durham Report: The British sent Lord Durham to study the causes of the rebellion and the unrest. In 1839, Durham realized the necessity of unification between those two Canadas. Parliament understood his idea and passed the Act of Union. It gave Canada an elected legislature to determine the internal policies. This law helped Canada to gain self-government. Self-Government: As the country grew, Canadians began to fear the strong countries such as United States. They decided to unite all Canada's provinces. Britain agreed with this idea of dominion. They passed the British North America Act, creating the Dominion of Canada. As a dominion, Canada expanded in high-speed. Australia as Penal Colony: Due to the increase of crime rate in Britain, Britain made Australia into a penal colony. They sent most of the convicts to Australia. Many of them died on the way to Australia. One of the convicts called Everingham later married another convict, Elizabeth Rimes, and stayed in Australia. Their descendants and other convicts like them carved out farms and prospered. Population Growth in Australia: The newcomers occupied lands and set up industries in Australia. Also a gold rush in eastern Australia brought a population growth in Australia. The gold hunters also carved up huge farms and prospered in Australia. Later on, Australia had won a place in a growing world economy. Achieving Self-Government: Similar to Canada, Australia was made up of separate colonies dispersed all over the place. During the Age of Imperialism, Britain worried about other imperial power takes over Australia. Britain helped Australia to achieve its self-government by unite the colonies into the independent Commonwealth of Australia. Australian set up its government similar to both British and American styles of government. Problems in New Zealand: The Maoris, settlers in New Zealand, were concentrated in a smaller areas delayed the expansion of the newcomers. As colonists came in, they took over more and more land. Obviously, colonists tried to invade the Maoris' territories. The colonists had to fight against the Maoris. By the 1870s, resistance ceased. Self-Government: White New Zealanders demanded self-government. In the early 1900s, they won independence, with their own set of government. New Zealanders set up democratic government. They allowed women to vote, performed several social reforms, and set up minimum wages for all workers. Similarities Countries were Carved by Britain
Britain reacted to the problems in correct ways
All three countries preserved strong ties to the British Empire John Macdonald George Etienne Cartier
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