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Copy of Pipeline Simulator

Created by Yuxin CHEN & Yongqing LIANG

Ahmed Usama

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Pipeline Simulator

Municipal Hydraulics Project
Technical Study
Cost Analysis
Conclusions & Decisions
Demand Estimation
1-Area Served
Created by Group 4
2- Population
3- Demand
ADD= Pop. x domestic demand/capita
MDD (Design Q)= 1.1x1.15xADD
UFW = 25% in future
= 8% in present
Well field Modeling
Ground Tank is modeled as a reservoir
For each Alternative we run 4 models:
1- Steady State Model (MDD, Future)
Pipe Dia., Pump required head,
check on: hydraulic gradient < 5m/km (Transmission lines)
< 10m/km (Network)
pressure at junctions (2~6 bars)
velocity range bet. ( 1~1.5 m/s) "recommended"
2- Steady State Model (MDD, Present)
3- EPS Model (ADD, Future)
Get the Elevated Tank's Volume
4- Steady State Model (Fire, ADD, Future)
Two fire scenarios have been established
fire demand = 60 l/s "residential area"
= 90 l/s "Industrial area"
according to ECP 102/2010
Check on the Hydraulic performance in present
Suggested Tank Positions
Position 1
Position 2
Position 2 is preferred as it shows better hydraulic performance for the same height, its cost also is less than position 1 due to topography.
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
Fire Scenarios
Tank optimum volume = 5250 m3 "Alternative 1"
Tank optimum volume = 6125 m3 "Alternative 2"
Adding 60 l/s to the junctions with lowest pressure
J12 and J13
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
Head loss Gradient
Head loss Gradient
Junctions' Pressure
Junctions' Pressure
Adding Industrial fire Demand (90 l/s) to J-1 and residential fire demand (60 l/s) to J-12
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
Head loss Gradient
Head loss Gradient
Junctions' Pressure
Junctions' Pressure
It is obvious that scenario 2 is more critical than scenario 1.
While running Scenario 2 for the first time we found that we must increase P-6 diameter from 200mm to 300mm, to follow the design criteria and ECP 102/2010 concerning min. pressure (2bars).
1- Steady State Model (MDD, Future)
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
Alternative 1
Total Annual Cost
Alternative 2
1619150 $
1692832 $
More Economical
Annual Cost
Pipe lines and fittings
including O&M
(Reservoir & Support Structure)
Pump Station
Alternative 1 = 540465 $
Alternative 2 = 597179 $
Alternative 1 = 130085 $
Alternative 2 = 147052 $
Alternative 1 = 125000 $
Alternative 2 = 125000 $
Alternative 1 = 190033 $
Alternative 2 = 190033 $
Alternative 1 = 633568 $
Alternative 2 = 633568 $
Concerning hydraulic performance:
Alternative 2 is a little better as:
The max P=0.4 bar greater than alt.1
The mean P= 0.1 bar greater than alt.1
The min P= 0.4 bars greater than alt.1
It shows less head loss gradients.
Higher level of service in case of emergency (fire).
But alternative 1 hydraulic performance is still within the allowable range by the ECP 102/2010 and the design criteria. So, Alt.1 hydraulic performance is accepted.
Finally, we decide to start implementing Alternative 1
Full transcript