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China 1949-1975

Genocide Poster
by

Josie Hyndman

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of China 1949-1975

THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD: Pre-Note: Democide: The murder of any person or people by a government, including genocide, politicide and mass murder. The Great Leap Forward began as a series of reforms to help finance industrialization in China. Mao Zedong of the People's Republic of China (1949-Present) wanted to create a monopoly in grain distrubution and supply, therefor taking control of agriculture in China. The people of China (a vast majority of which were farmers and peasants) did not approve of this policy. Millions of deaths due to famine were caused by these reforms. The Great Leap Forward &
The 8 Steps of Genocide: Step 1: Classification The farmers and laborers who did not perform up to Zedong's standards were the main victims of these "reforms." People who were not in accordance with Mao Zedong's reforms were called traitors, and they were publicly criticized. Step 2: Symbolization During the Great Leap Forward, you were either with the party (communist) or opposed to the party & their reforms (anti-communist). Religious leaders, rightists, rich peasants, etc. were labeled as "Black Elements" & they were given smaller food portions. Step 3: Dehumanization If one failed to participate in the CCP's political campaigns, they were treated as less than human. Funerals, weddings, local markets & festivals were extinguished, thus taking away things that make people human: to mourn & to celebrate. Step 4: Organization Religious and mystic institutions/ceremonies were replaced with political meetings and propaganda sessions. Step 5: Polarization The people of China blamed the unsuccessful crop-harvest and the devestating locust swarm on some of the laborers. Step 6: Preparation Cramped communes (25,000 of them) were set up. It was really difficult, if not impossible, to escape from them. Step 7: Extermination In one village, once the commune was operational the party boss and his colleagues swung into manic action, herding villagers into the fields to sleep and to work intolerable hours, and forcing them to walk, starving, to distant additional projects. Death. In one case, after a peasant stole two cabbages from the common fields, the thief was publicly criticized for half a day. He collapsed, fell ill, and never recovered. Others were sent to labor camps. The official toll of excess deaths recorded in China for the years of the Great Leap Forward is 14 million, but scholars have estimated the number of famine victims to be between 20 and 43 million. Step 8: Denial The Chinese government was to see the Great Leap Forward as a major economic disaster and to attribue it to the cult of personality under Mao Zedong and to regard it as one of the serious errors he made after the founding of the PRC. (People's Republic of China) "It was all Mao's fault."
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