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Chapters 1 & 2 Brave New World

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Erin Mangahis

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Chapters 1 & 2 Brave New World

Which is more important to you? why?
the community or the individual?
Chapters 1 & 2 Brave New World
Terminology
Bokanovsky's process: (Huxley phrase) methodto produce identical eggs from single egg -- makes identical humans (96)

Podsnap's technique (Huxley phrase) - speed up maturation of eggs so that humans can be produced at same time

freemartin - sterile woman - most women in World State
"Community. Identity. Stability."
Stability over identity
personal identity is strangled out by demands of community stability - community identity
The Power of Words
Use of words at vulnerable time
important in shaping values and manipulating them to respond to specific social goal
is a warning from Huxley
look at commercials, subliminal messages, careful suppression of challenging truths
Why?
Technology of Fertilization
calculated / sterile procedure
produces identical people
can compliment each other effortlessly
Natural = vulgar, mother / father = offensive words that cause blushing
What is more important when choosing a...
College
major
career
significant other
what you want? What your parents / family / friends want?
Fordian world - A.F. (after Ford)
Henry Ford (1863 - 1947)
credited with developing interchangeable parts for the assembly line process
god-like figure - sign of T instead of cross
Chapter 1
Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center
biological assembly line
test-tube births as product
Finish each other's sentences
Bokanovky's Process
The Caste system
Greek Alphabet
Grades in British schools and universities
Alpha = A
Beta = B
Gamma = C
Delta = D
Epsilon = F
All technology and conditioning maintains this motto / goal
stability requires the elimination of differences (except caste)
stability requires an end to dissatisfaction
"making people like their destiny"
You need CHOICE to be an individual!

How important are pain and passion in being a human being?

Why are choice and pain a threat to stability?
Chapter 2: Control through Conditioning
Social conditioning = moral conditioning
teaching babies to have "instinctive" hatred for books and nature
loud sounds and electric shocks
Sleep training - hypnopaedia
source of underlying assumptions and prejudices
provides social / class identity
characters spout phrases from sleep training and act accordingly
Characters repeat phrases from sleep training and act accordingly.
"One believes things because one has been conditioned to believe them."
"Everyone works for everyone else. We cannot do without anyone. Even Epsilons are useful. We couldn't do without Epsilons ."
Use conditioning to eliminate choice
unable to form individual opinions
destroys personal identity in favor of group identity
destroys personal growth and independence
perpetual children
The Power of Words
use of words at vulnerable time to produce loyalty and specific aversions
World state
whispers
in the ears of
sleeping children
to ensure
compliance
with social order - taking advantage of
innocence, vulnerability to fully manipulate
Enemy to freedom = propaganda

allows the "power elite" (government and business leaders) to control us
Hitler --
deliberately gave public addresses at night
fatigue = vulnerable to suggestion
excitable, most likely to succumb to mass hysteria
Full transcript