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Nubia

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Siyeon Lee

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Nubia

Geography Religion Nubia Nubia is a region in northeastern Africa, extending from the Nile river valley (near the first cataract in Upper Egypt) and eastward to the shores of the Red Sea, southward to Khartoum (Sudan) and westward to the Libyan Desert. The southern part of Nubia is to the southern end of the second cataract of the Nile called Cush (Kush). The Northern region is called Wawat. a.k.a. Kush Society Society was made up of royalty, and a small ruling class who governed the lowest class consisting of a general population of farmers, herders, merchants, soldiers and artisans.

Nubian Kings were considered to be part god and part man as tradition holds that that the god Amun fathered them. Rulers inherited positions through mothers and their fathers and if several sons or daughters were eligible for positions, selection was made by the god Amun. Government Structure Ruling System Important Discoveries/Inventions/Advancements Stories and Traditions Map of Ancient Africa Ancient Nubians worshipped a variety of gods and goddesses; most of them adapted from Egyptian traditions. One of the most important gods that both Egyptians and Nubians worshipped was Amun- associated with the sun and forces of nature. Works cited Nubia." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition.Encyclopediaa Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.

oi.uchicago.edu

http://www.ancientsudan.org/index.html

http://endingstereotypes.org/ancient_nubia.html

http://www.ancientsudan.org/religion_01_basics_kushite_religion.html

http://www.egyptartsite.com/crea.html

http://www.mixed-race-planet.org/nubia.html Religion in Nubia also included belief in the afterlife like the Egyptians. Possessions and objects needed for the next life were buried with the dead including supplies of water and food and also statues of some Nubian gods- Apedemak, Amesemi, Sebiumeker and many more. Similarities Differences In both versions the god of the earth and the goddess of the sky give birth to Seth, Osiris, Isis and Nephthys who are the four main gods of Nubian and Egyptian religion Stories:
Nubian mythology was based mostly on religion and reflected Nubian values. It told stories about the various deities of the Nubian religion (e.g. The Lion's Whisker) Compare: Creation Stories Traditions:
Marriage was greatly valued in medieval Nubian society
Women were greatly respected and had considerable independence and the respect for women can be seen through the portrayal of warrior-queens in artwork
Nubian royal women were very powerful and played an important role in society and some even ruled as queens. 750 B.C., during the time when Nubia controlled Egypt, kings adopted the practice of appointing their daughters as the god's wife of Amun and they served as administrators of huge economic domains belonging to Amun. Influence from Egyptians from conquest


Nubian Culture
Religious art
Influence from other cultures evident through their architecture later
Commonly built with red fired-bricks and stones
Themes
Royal and military
Religious ceremonies Artistic styles Fun Facts Architecture Art & Architecture Influence
Egyptian gods
Greek Influence
Hellenistic and Roman architecture
Temples & Buildings Details
Elaborate designs
Animal statues Napatan-Merotic:
Pharaohs- God representatives; apply Maat
succession
specific procedure to select a pharoah among royal members
High Priest- select royal members; made sure the Pharaoh applied Maat; If the pharaoh of the kingdom fails to rule according to Maat, the priests could order the pharaoh to suicide.
Nubians exhibited what is called the “Pan-Grave” culture due to its burial customs that include a literal pan-shaped grave. Such graves have also been discovered in Egypt. Egypt: Meroitic Writing system- used 23 different signs including vowels and while sounds have been deciphered the language is still unknown Nubians built pyramids which were smaller in scale compared to Egyptian pyramids
These pyramids had singular celled chapels, rectangular enclosures, they were designed to allow more sunlight inside
Nubia had a three-story castle of mud brick, and Meroe had a two-story palace of fired bricks armies used bows, swords, spears, and leather body armor. Nubians also utilized chariots, horses, and elephants used animal powered water wheel in agriculture which created a surplus which allowed for more specialized jobs However, the origins of sun god differ depending on which region you are looking at Nubia In Nubia the sun god who was born out of a mound of dirt that rose from the ocean Atum gave birth to Shu, the first male god and Tefnut, the first female goddess these two then gave birth to Geb and Nut who in turn gave birth to the four main gods In Lower Egypt, the sun god came from an egg and thenteh geneaology is same from there
However in Upper egypt the sun god originates from the ocean itself
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