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Poetry 101

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Jose Salinas

on 2 December 2012

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Transcript of Poetry 101

Forms of Poetry Poetry 101 Elements of Poetry
and more This is meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally.

Poets use this to help readers see things in new ways. Here's a short recap on similes and metaphors! Hyperbole This is a deliberate and extreme exaggeration that's used for effect.

Example: I've told you a MILLION times! Poets use a number of sound
devices to achieve musical
quality Imagery The descriptive language used to create word pictures. Images are created by sensory language, which provides details related to the five senses: touch, smell, taste, sight, & hear. What is Poetry? Figurative Language More on Similes and Metaphors Sound
Devices Poetry is a literary form that uses precise diction, or word choice, to evoke the emotions , sounds, and rhythms associated with language.
Many poems are structured in
stanzas, or groupings of lines.
Specific stanza types include:
*Couplets - which have two lines
*Quatrains - which have four lines Personification This is when human qualities are given to non-human things

Example: The ocean danced in the moonlight. Elements
Poetry Theme This is the central message or
perception about life that is revealed through a literary work.

Example: A theme of Romeo & Juliet
is that love can be a powerful force. A universal theme can be understood by everyone. A stated theme is presented directly.
It is clear An implied theme must be inferred.
It is not clear. Tone The author's attitude toward the subject , himself, or the audience in a literary work. Some examples of tone are playful, sincere, or sarcastic. Mood The emotional effect the texts creates for the audience or reader (you). Simile This is a comparison of two dissimilar things
that uses the words "like" or "as." Example: Her eyes shine as bright as
the stars. Metaphor This is a phrase that is used
to compare two unlike objects, ideas, thoughts, or
feelings in order to provide a clearer description. It does NOT use "like" or "as." Example: Laughter is the music of the soul. Onomatopoeia The use of words whose sound imitates
its meaning Examples: Buzz, hiss, thud, and sizzle Example: The white snowflake softly fell from the sky and landed silently on the cold ground. Rhythm The pattern created by the stresses and unstressed syllables of words in sequence. A controlled pattern of rhythm is called meter. Rhyme The repetition of identical or similar sounds in stressed syllables. A pattern of end rhymes is called a rhyme scheme. Free verse has no set meter or rhyme scheme. Alliteration The repetition of the initial consonant sounds of words.

Example: Carries cat clawed her couch, creating chaos. Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words.

Example: Try to light the fire. Consonance The repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the separating vowels differ.

Example: Give and love Repetition The use of any language elements more than once. Poems can also be categorized by form-their particular structural patterns of rhyme, rhythm, line structure, stanza format, or another element. The haiku and sonnet are two popular forms of poetry. *Haiku - A poem containing the unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.

Falling to the ground,

I watch a leaf settle down

In a bed of brown. *Sonnet - A fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure. Example:

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.

-William Shakespeare
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