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Childhood in Canada During the 1800s
Transcript of Childhood in Canada During the 1800s
In the 1800s they established a schooling system
Only a small number of children and they are mostly boys
It was a one room school house but only a few would attend due to lack of transportation and diseases
Schooling usually was for children between the ages of 5 and 10
The teacher would only be about 14 years old and usually a single woman
The "cost" would only be for the basic school supplies, clothes and shoes
Parents recognize that many jobs required schooling such as literacy to perform the task with excellence
The 1800s was a time of child labour
Having multiple children in a family was common due to the fact that families could not survive without more than one income
However children were considered cheap labour
Mostly boys would go out and work the field
The girls would stay home and do various chores around the home
For children beginning to work and take on adult responsibilities was often the end of their childhood even though they are still very young
The children gradually developed skills they need, to assist their parents
Development and Play
Since children naturally develop parents in the 1800s believed that their role was to guide and encourage this natural process and to stop or prevent bad habits
Breastfed by mother or wet nurse
Until children were 3 or 4 years old the were all dress alike
Working class boys did not reach their full growth until there mid20s
Whistles, marbles, rocking horse, dolls, skipping ropes, and other homemade toys were they activities children played with
The average family in Canada in the 1800s had 6 children
The midwives helped out at birth
After the first 4 days of birth the child is given its first name and then after a year it is given a new name
During the first year the baby spends the time in a cradle carried by the mother
Until about 7 a child is forced out of the house to go to work or to help out the parents
1. Who mainly went to school? Gender? Age?
2. Around which age did children begin to work (child labour)?
3. Name 2 toys the children played with.
4. What is the name of the person that helps out with the birth of a child?
5. How many children on average were in a family during the 1800s
One room school house in Alberta
Customs and rituals
In the 19th century Canada there were many native groups and the children would have had to learn many complex societies
Many families were religious and got their child baptized a few days after birth
Notice how young the people working in this factory are.
This is a picture of a family in the 1800s
Parr, Joy. Childhood and Family in Canadian History. Toronto: The Canadian Publishers, 1982.
Sutherland, Neil. "Childhood, History of". The Canadian Encyclopeida. 2012. 3 Oct 2013. <www.thecanadianencyclepdia.com>
"The Changes of Canadian children from the 1800s to the present". StudyMode.com 2005. 3 Oct 2013. <http://www.studymode.com>
This an example of a doll that a child would play with.