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G. Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In your opinion, what should be improved?

Jessy Canal - Mexico City

Alexandre Marche

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of G. Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In your opinion, what should be improved?

Education is key to achieve sustainability. The inhabitants of Mexico City must understand that the current trend won't be bearable on a long term scale.

Public awareness, training and long terms' investments, rather than short term fixing, are fundamental to moving the D.F.'s community forward. Critical issues that Mexico City's inhabitants must face today Water conservation Waste Management Respect of ecological areas Air pollution Mexico needs 35,000 liters of water per second for its inhabitants. Frequent water shortages
due to daily misuses. Decrease in the availability of water while there is an
increase in demand. Increase in water pollution. A water crisis is looming Mexico's 23 million inhabitants tend to avoid public transportation, which are overcrowded anyway.

Furthermore, they do not hesitate to take their cars, even if it is only for a kilometer trip. Recycling policies have yet to be followed by the majority of the citizens or industries, and are not properly enforced, most notably on the poorer areas on the hills surrounding the city. Human, industrial and general waste are often stored in makeshift pools and ditches around town. The waste remains on the place of deposit, sometimes for months, and is baked into a soft dust that is then blown by the wind over the whole city. So far, policies regarding waste management did not prove successful due to various factors. Mexico City air pollution index AIR POLLUTION With these incentives, Mexico's inhabitants will live in a healthier place and will contribute to a
smart sustainable growth. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES A 10-year Green Plan to address these environmental challenges simultaneously....

....To achieve a sustainable urban development. Create a municipal commission with sufficient leadership & power to promote sustainability in the City. Transfer sewage to holding tanks
in order to use the water for the
surrounding plants and trees. Providing water supplies to Mexico City’s 22 millions residents is a tremendous challenge. Actively participate in summits and sign agreements to address climate change and show a strong commitment to reduce Mexico City's GHG emissions. Global partnerships to provide technical assistance, experience for the implementation of sustainable growth programs. Invest $1.5 billion in the Green Plan on improving public transportation systems:
Make the subway more enjoyable, so people won't
tend to avoid it.
Further develop the "Metrobus" and subway
network by 60 kilometers within ten years. Change the behavior and create a new culture of
mobility by learning "Leave No Trace" environmental ethics. Educate business and consumers on water conservation efforts by incentives: reward conscious citizens by diminishing their bill with a %, fine others. Investing in new water treatment facilities
and improve water infrastructure
to reduce leakage. Definition of a tougher institutional and legal framework for integrated water
resource management. Expansion of the water and sanitation services to reach 100% of the population, preventing them from consuming used water. WATER MANAGEMENT Space around the city becomes more tightly crowded.

The newcomers keep encroaching on the ecological protected zones. 74.45 Planting 2 million trees, one for ten inhabitants, and instead of focusing on wealthy neighborhood, spread it around the city. Forbid toxic components on buildings and promote facades that neutralize surrounding air and noise pollution. Shift polluting factories to the outskirts of the city. Lobby PEMEX to sell unleaded fuel. Build a system, like the ones already implemented in other megalopolis, making inhabitants pay a certain fee to use their car downtown.
Furthermore, develop Reforma's no cars' sundays on other city's axis. Some ideas to overcome it G. Do you think that the lifestyle of Mexico's inhabitants reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development?
In your opinion, what should be improved?

Jessy Canal When we look at the development of the Mexico City in the last half century, the answer seems pretty obvious.

From 3 millions inhabitants in 1950, to over 20 millions today, the city's fast expansion has not been well managed, and this is an understatement.

In 1992, the United Nations described Mexico City’s air as the most polluted on the planet and six years later, that city earned the reputation of “the most dangerous city in the world for children”.
The city is also famous for competing for the worst traffic and worst noise pollution on the planet. The water is not fit to drink and 10 years ago there were almost no trees in town. Now let's perform an analysis of the current situation and brainstorm on positive and realistic initiatives that would help turn Mexico City from a nature-hostile area to a greener town. Redesign the road network to fight traffic efficiently instead of building paid air roads, that do not prevent traffic.
Eventually, add an inter-colonia highway system, to cut long-distance traffic. Enhance the Eco-Bici network, by doubling the number of stations accross Mexico City, to make it more practical in daily lives. Consequence:
1,000 deaths & 35,000
hospitalizations per year Health care costs and loss in productivity drag on the economy.
Companies also face added costs in the form of health perks to attract employees to the D.F. FACT: For $1 spent on improved sanitation, the benefit equals $9 resulting from decreased cost of health care and increased productivity. The national's economy is booming,
mostly due to business clusters within the D.F., thus Mexico is one of the next century's leading powers. Yet it could perform an even better economic surge. The government displayed clear signs
of a strong will to change the situation, fighting air pollution by massively planting trees (at least in the richest "Colonias"),
investing in new subway and "Metrobus" lines, promoting the use of free state-owned bicycles between other initiatives, yet Mexico City still has a long way to go before being eco-friendly.
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