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CAREER CONSTRUCTION THEORY : Mark Savickas
Transcript of CAREER CONSTRUCTION THEORY : Mark Savickas
Builds on Super’s earlier conception of thematic extrapolation.
Underlying premise- self-reflection on one’s career behaviour ( objective and subjective career)
Contextualist world view
Particularly appropriate for use in multicultural society.
SUPER IN SOUTH AFRICA
Career development , for example in some of the African and South African countries that I know is really a matter of fitting into what the family wants, what the family needs”
Provides a way of thinking about how an individual choose and use work.
three perspectives on vocational behavior:
individual differences psychology
• Developmental psychology
"Careers do not unfold, they are constructed"
Changes made to Super’s theory
Maintenance stage replaced with management stage
Reframing and unpacking 14 propositions and adding two.
Proposition 14: career adaptability – psychological construct
Proposition 16: conversations, excercises and activities
Particularly appropriate for use in multicultural society
Q: how can individuals negotiate a lifetime of job changes without losing their sense of self and social identity?
To responds to the needs of today’s mobile workers who may feel fragmented and confused.
Career = selling services and skills to a series of employers, rather than lifetime commitment to one employer.
focus on how individuals use their vocational personality to adapt to a sequence of job changes, while remaining faithful to oneself and recognizable by others.
Focus on the meaning that structures an individual’s career as it plays out across a number of different jobs.
People construct their careers in the context that they live in.
In recent decades South African career practitioners and researchers have been slow to embrace this.
South African research:
Most of this career research has been confined to thesis-driven research. 21 of the reported studies represented student theses.
Over two thirds of this research focused on the concept of career maturity.
Implicitly Accepted the validity of Super’s theory.
But – Whatson and Steak questions:
The indiscriminate and possibly descriptive use of super’s theory
Relevance of super’s developmental stages, constructs of self-concept
development and career maturity – questioned against the context of normative history graded (e.g. apartheid) and non normative factors (e.g. depressed economic conditions).
Role salience- questioned in relation to the cultural meanings attached to various life roles, in particular the meaning attached to the work role
Validation of Super’s theory have mainly been a by product of psychometric design.
Recent studies: explored the validity of Super’s career development dimension of childhood.
Mcmahon and watson :information sought was not reflective of Super’s sub stages of interests and capacities.
Construct of career maturity maintained it’s meaning on a sample of socially deprived coloured students and the childhood career developmental scale
Watson, Foxcroft,Mcmahon: Support- study occupational aspirations and gender stereotypes .
Evaluation of Super’s Theory
Critique from a south african perspective:
Langley: need to consider the socioeconomic, sociopolitical and familial factors that are prominent influences in the South African context.
More holistic use of the construct of career adaptability and the application of life themes and career storytelling.
Solomon : lack of research and assessment of Super’s propositions and the lack of theoretical development of the self concept since super’s original monograph.
Career maturity – do not accommodate different cultural contexts. Normative developmental trends of career maturity among ethnic minority groups have not been established
Brown: failure to account adequately for the career development of persons from lower socio-economic groups.
Osipow and Fitzgerald: In recent years relatively few new empirical tests of the theory have been conducted.
Positive evaluations far out weigh the critique
Well ordered and systematic formulation of career development.
Considerable potential for practice and research.
Five decades of research have supported Super’s description of self concept and career development.
Some argue that it remains relevant to the new millennium and for diverse countries and cultures.
Call’s for further modification – adapt the knowledge to changing realities.
Super’s aim: theory made up of loosely unified theoretical segments.
Since his death- effort to cement the different aspects of his theory.
Savickas- adapting his global constructs to our local contexts and our changing circumstances. (future goal)
South African career practitioners and researchers need to become more involved, we should all become more career adaptable.