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Transcript of Wangari Maathai
Background on Wangari Maathai
Goals and Methods
Gender Norms and Challenges
Successes and Outcomes
Founder of the Green Belt Movement ‘
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
The Green Belt Movement
Unbowed: A Memoir
The Challenge for Africa
Replenishing the Earth
Taking Root: the Vision of Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace & Environmental Studies
Gender Norms to overcome
Maathai was criticized for not behaving like a typical African woman
Her husband left her because she wasn't submissive to him
she was put in jail after criticizing the judge
called a "mad woman" by President Arap Moi
called "ignorant and ill-tempered puppet of foreign masters" by a government minister
Green Belt movement opposed by government
wrongfully arrested after pro-democracy group released information to media about possible governent coup and assinations
went into hiding after she was accused of distributing leaflets that encouraged ethnic violence
travel restricted by the president
Oppurtunties for Women
The right to vote given to European women in Kenya in 1919.
In 1956 African men and women with property and an education could vote.
In 1963, all Kenyans could vote.
Born April 1, 1940 in Nyeri, Kenya
Grew up in a traditional Kenyan family on farmland that her father worked
Went to primary school, secondary school, then won a scholarship to a college in the U.S.
Influenced by observing movements during the 60s/70s such as the Anti-Vietnam War Demonstration and Civil Rights Movement
Return To Kenya:
Marriage & kids
Government prompting farmers to sell commercial goods
Quits professorship with support from the National Council of Women
Starts Green Belt Movemnt
location and gender
Ex: rural African women
post-colonialism and gender
Ex: cash crops and displacing women's resources
connecting degradation of nature to the degradation of women
empowering women through environmental conservation.
using activism to advance women's role in development of their own communities.
Reformative Social Movement:
change only aspects of society, mainly environmental issues.
2000 BC- Cushitic-speaking people from northern Africa settled in Kenya.
1st Century AD- Arab traders
1498- Portuguese arrived
19th century- European
1885- Berlin Conference
1895- East African Protectorate
1944-Kenyan African Union (KAU) formed
1952-Violent campaigns against white settlers begins, state of emergency is declared.
1953- Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to 7 years in prison
1954- European, Asian and African admitted into the Kenya Legislative Council
1957- elections took place to release Jomo Kenyatta
1962- Kenyatta was released, became Kenya's first Prime Minister
December 12, 1963- Kenya Gained Independence
to reduce poverty
enhance environmental consevation
end the devestation of Kenya's forests and lands
provide women with new skills and opportunities
enhanced environmental consevation through tree planting
protest of proposed skyscraper in Uhuru Park
the protest was sucessful; the project was dropped
used political influence
represented Teti constituency in Parliament
served as Assistant for Environmental and Natural Resources in Kenya's 9th Parliament
despite being left with little money after the divorce she continuted fighting for her cause and supporting her family
was not intimidated by opression or political targeting and relentlessly pursued her goals
''They can't stand a woman who stands up. I'm being seen as an arrogant woman because I dare to object. I call them arrogant.''
won political sucess against corrupt government
won parliament election under the National Rainbow Coalition