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Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic cells.All the organelles and their functions:)Made by Casey Murphy and Olivia Durand

Casey Murphy

on 3 May 2013

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Transcript of Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells :D BY: Olivia Durand #8 Casey Murphy #17 :D Prokaryotic Cell Eukaryotic Cell Bacterial Flagellum DNA Cytoplasm (plant cell) Nucleolus Neclues cytoplasm Free ribosomes Golgi Body Lysosome mitochrondrion cytoskeleton Endoplasmic Reticulum Eukaryotic Plant Cell Functions Prokaryotic Cell Functions 1)Nucleus-Just like a manager the necleus passes on information about what needs to be done.It directs ALL cell activitiy 2)Nucleolus-Also know as the cells control center the nucleolus hold important information about the cell genetics. 3)Cytoskeleton-aslo provides structure fot the cell but it helps with other organelles moving. 4)Cytoplasm-It is inside the cell membrane and has chemical reactions occurring inside. 5)Mitochrondrion-They break down food and transform that into usable energy for the cell. 6)Endoplasmic Reticulum-Can be rough OR smooth.Make sure proteins are moved out of the cell or used in the cell. 7)Golgi Body-Sort proteins and other cellular substances and package them into membrane bound structures called vesicles. 8)Ribosomes-Not bound by a membrane and they make the proteins when told to by the neclues. 9)Lysosomes-The lysosomes get rid of viruses and bacteria and they digest food particles. Cell Membrane Cell Wall 10)Cell Membrane-The Cell membrane allows only certain things into the cell.Like letting only good stuff in while keeping the bad stuff out. 11)Cell Wall- A cell wall provides the
shape of the cell and keeps a cell together. 12)Chloroplast(NOT included)-Contains the green pigment that gives the leaves and stem-on a plant cell-its green color. ribosomes Eukaryotic Cell Animal Cell Cell Wall Plasma Membrane Ribosomes Capsule Plasmid Pili 2)D.N.A: Is what keeps every thing living.
It is found in all known living things. 3)Pili: Hair-like structures on the surface of
the cell that attach to other bacterial cells.
Shorter Pili called fimbriae help bacteria
attach to surfaces. 7)Bacterial Flagellum:Long, whip-like
protrusion that aids in cellular locomotion. 6)Plasmid:Gene carrying, circular DNA
structures that are not involved in
reproduction. 9)Ribosomes: Cell structures responsible for
protein production. 1)Cytoplasm: A gel-like substance composed
mainly of water that also contains enzymes,
salts, cell components, and various organic molecules. 4)Cell wall: Outer covering of most cells that
protects the bacterial cell and gives it shape. 5)Capsule:Found in some bacterial cells, this additional outer covering protects the cell
when it is engulfed by other organisms, and
assists in retaining moisture. 8)Plasma Membrane:Surrounds the cell's
cytoplasm and regulates the flow of
substances in and out of the cell. cell membrane endoplasmic reticulum Necleus vacuole ribosome lysosome mitochrondrian Golgi BOdy 1)Cell Membrane-The cell membrane keeps the stuff in whle the bad stuff out. 2)Endoplasmic Reticulum-The Endoplasmic Reticulum(E.R) makes sure that the good proteins are used and they bad ones are not. 3)Necleus-The neceus controls everything and tells the other organelles what they need to do and what their job is. 4)Vacuole-They release waste products and collect water making rigidity in the plant. 5)Ribosome-They make the proteins that are sorted out when told to by the necleus. 6)Golgi Body-Sort the proteins and all the other cellular substances and package them into a a structure-bound by the membrane-called vesicles. 7)Mitochrondrian-They break down the eaten food and transform it into usable energy for the cell. 8)Lysosome-They get rid of bacteria and viruses inside the cell and they help digest the food particles. Eukaryotic Animal Cell Functions 9)Centriole (not included)-They organize cell division and flagellum/cilia formation. 10)Cyto-Skeleton (not included)-Provides structure for the cell and also with other cells moving. 11)Flagellum (Not include and only in some cells)-It is used to propel the cell. The difference:) ~Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic~A prokaryotic cell is less complex while the eukaryotic cell is very complex.The eukaryotic cell has a nucleus while and the prokaryotic cell doesn't. ~Animal Cell and Plant Cell~A plant cell has a cell wall while the animal cell does not have one.An animal cell is round where the plant cell is rectangular.Animal cell don't have chloroplast like plants because they don't make their own food.
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