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Places in The Alchemist
Transcript of Places in The Alchemist
Tangier is located in northern Morocco.
Tangier was first established by the Carthaginian Colonists, early in the 5th century BC
In 146 BC, the Romans took Tangier, making it at first a free city, but then later making it a Roman Colony.
The Romans remained in control of Tangier all the way up until the 5th century AD, when the Vandals conquered and occupied Tangier.
The Vandal ruling in Tangier did not last long as the Roman empire once again took control of Tangier just one century later.
Andalusia started to suffer economically in the 16th century, as Spain started to decline.
In the year 1833, Andalusia was divided into the eight provinces, which exist today.
History of Andalusia
In the year 711, The Moorish people, who were crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, Took Andalusia over, and established it as their center empire.
The best period in history for Andalusia was when the Moors ruled, as this was when Andalusia was at its richest point.
When the Moors ruled the Agriculture, mining, trade, and all its industries brought many people, and lots of money to Andalusia.
The Moorish people ruled all the way up until the 13th century, when it was conquered by the Kings of Castile.
History of Andalusia
History of Andalusia
The last time the Muslims tried taking Tarifa back was in the year 1340, where they were once again defeated by the Christians.
Santiago visits a few different places in The Alchemist. These places include Tarifa, Andalusia, Tangier, The Al-Fayoum Oasis, and Egypt.
The Places Santiago visited
by: Justin Best
Tarifa is located on the southern-most coast of Spain.
Tarifa was given its name after the attack of Tarif ibn Malik, in the year 710.
Tarifa remained Muslim-dominated until 1292
In 1292,the Christian King Sancho IV took the city over.
In 1292 there were 9000 people living in Tarifa.
The Muslims continued trying to take Tarifa back for themselves.
In 1294 a new Muslim army tried to take Tarifa back, but it was defended with sucess by Alonso Pérez de Guzman.
In todays world Tarifa is a popular spot for tourists, especially in the summer months.
Tarifa draws in many surfers, because of its strong winds, coming in from the ocean fronts.
As of 2012, Tarifa had a population of 17, 962, with this number almost doubling in summer months.
Andalusia has the largest number of inhabitants in Spain, with a population of 8.45 million as of 2012.
Andalusia takes up a surface area of 87,268 squared kilometers, and represents 17.3% of all of Spain.
Andalusia draws in many tourists every year, much of this due to its beautiful landscapes.
Much of Andalusia is beaches, or mountains.
In the 11th century B.C, the Phoenicians settled in Andalusia.
Then the Greeks, and the Carthaginians came and took over in the 6th century B.C.
The Carthaginians were later expelled by the Romans, who took over in the 3rd century, B.C.
Then in the 5th century A.D, the Visigoths came and ended the Roman ruling.
The Portuguese tried to capture Tangier in 1437, failing to do so, but eventually occupied Tangier in 1471.
The Portuguese continued to rule until 1662, when it was given to Charles II of England.
Morocco tried to seize Tangier in the year 1679, but was unsucessful.
Eventually the Jaysh al-Rifi forced the English to leave, but they destroyed the whole town before doing so.
The town was somewhat rebuilt, but its population did not exceed 5000 people until the year 1810.
In 1821, Tangier was given to The United States by Moulay Suliman, who was the Sultan of Morocco.
In the year 1828 Great Britain blockaded the port in retaliation to piracy.
It was bombarded by the French in 1844.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Tangier was home to about 40,000 people.
Up until 1956, France, Spain, and Britain, all did battle until Morocco took full control of Tangier in 1956.
The Al-Fayoum Oasis
The first people to settle in the Al-Fayoum were the South-West Asians, between 7200, and 6000 BC.
Way back in ancient times, the Al-Fayoum used to be a sea.
From 5500-4000 BC, the land was inhabited by the Neolithic Fayumian and Late Neolithic Moerian.
Around 4000 BC the land started to dry up, so most of its inhabitants left.
Eventually the Fayoum became abandoned, and it started to become a hunting paradise, and once the water started coming back, a fishing
Towards the end of the 19th century the Egyptians ruled the Al-Fayoum.
During the Greek rule, there were 114 Greek villages.
Next in 30 BC the Romans took over, but with much economic depression, many villages were abandoned, between the 3rd-5th centuries AD.
In 395 AD The Egyptians took over the Al-Fayoum.
From then to the 20th century, the Al-Fayoums ownership went back and forth from the Egyptians, the French, and the Romans.
In the second half of the 20th century, The British people established camps around the Fayoum.
Since the 1950s, the Egyptians have taken full control of the Fayoum, and reclaimed all their land.
Now the Fayoum is a large tourist attraction.
In 3500 BC, early settlers arrived at the Nile.
in 2700 BC the first stone pyramid was made.
In 2600 BC the pyramids of Giza were built.
2200 BC various kings ruled Egypt.
In 2055 BC Mentuhotep II gained control of entire country.
In 1100 BC upper and lower Egypt split.
IN 728 BC Nubian king Piy conquered Egypt.
671BC - Assyrians attack on Egypt fails.
525 BC - Persians conquered Egypt
332 BC - Alexander the Great conquered Egypt.
In 31 BC The Romans and Egyptians went to war, which led to the death of Cleopatra VII, and Egypt becoming part the Roman Empire.
642- Egypt conquered by Arabs
1798- Napoleon Bonaparte invades Egypt.
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