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Sociology presentation on Socialization

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Jean Basa

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Sociology presentation on Socialization

Socialization Table of Contents:
-The Importance of Socialization
-Agents of Socialization
-Social Psychological theories of Human development
-Gender Socialization
-Socialization through the life course
-Socialization in the future What is the Importance of the process of socialization in our life? The Importance of Socialization Social Psychological theories of Human Development Socialization Intro Socialization is the process of social interaction where by individuals acquire as self-identity and physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society.
The process pf socialization affects personality development and acculturation, or the learning of a culture's language, and values, and norms.
The study of socialization brings up interesting issues regarding how we are influenced by our genetic make up compared to the influenced of the environment within which we are raised. Socialization converts man, the biological being into man, the social being Man is not born social; He becomes social by virtue of the process of socialization Socialization contributes to the development of personality Socialization is a process through which the personality of the new born child is shaped and molded. Through the process, the child learns an approved way of social life. Helps to become disciplined Socialization is social learning. Social learning is essentially the learning of rules of social behavior. It is the values, ideals, aims, and objectives of life and the means attaching them. Helps to enact different roles Every role is woven around norms and is associated with different attitudes. The process of socialization assists on individual not only to learn the norms associated with roles but also to develop appropriate attitudes to enact those roles. Provides the knowledge of skills Socialization is a way of training the newborn individual in certain skills, which are required to lead a normal social life. These skills help, the individual to play economic, professional, educational, religious, and political roles in his/her latter life. Helps to develop right aspiration in life Every individual may have his own aspirations; ambitions and desires in life. All these aspirations may not always be in consonance with the social interests. But though the process of socialization an individual learns to develop those aspirations. Contributes to the stability of the social order It is through the process of socialization that every new generation is trained acceding to the cultural goals, ideals, and expectations of a society.
Every new generation need not start its social life a fresh. It can conveniently rely on the earlier generation and follow in cultural traditions. Helps to reduce social distance Socialization reduces social distance arid brings people together if proper attention is given to it. By giving proper training and guidance to the children during their early years, it is possible to reduce the social distance between people or different castes, races, regions, religions, and professions. Provides scope for building the bright future Socialization is one of the powerful instruments of changing the destiny of mankind. It is through the process of socialization that a society can produce a generation of its expectations can be altered significantly.
The improvement of socialization offers one of the greatest possibilities for the future alteration of human nature and human society. Agents of Socialization FAMILY -First emotional tie
-Greatest impact on socialization process
-First place to learn language, norms, and values of the culture
-May be problematic
-Parents/Guardians may reproduce negative modeling that they experienced as a child. SCHOOLS -opens the door to a new social world
-provides importance that society places on gender and race
-provides information to individuals understand themselves and others
-provides skills to function as a citizen and a worker
-exposure to inequality
-First experience of economics and social status
-Reduces opportunities for control and makes children feel less competent. PEERS -Influential from late childhood through adolescence and early adulthood
-learn how to form relationships without adult supervision
-May guide short term choices
-Change behavior and personality to be accepted by peers MASS MEDIA -Represents impersonal communication directed at a certain audience
-major type of secondary socialization
-Influences people's behavior through modeling and imitation
-The mass media can create and influence/control perceptions of what is important in society selecting and stressing particular topics, views, interpretations, and themes.
-Advertising secretly manipulate the audience. Freud Believed that biology plays a major part in Human Development. He theorized that humans have two basic needs. fist is a need for bonding. Second is the death distinct, or death. ID Rooted in biology, the id is preset at birth making a newborn a bundle of demands for attention, touching, and food. EGO A person's conscious efforts to balance Innate pleasure seeking drives with demands of society. The ego develops that we cannot have everything we want. SUPEREGO The superego operates as our conscience, telling us why we cannot have everything we want. The superego begins to form as a child becomes aware of parental control and matures as the child comes to understand that everyone's behavior must take into account culture norms. GENDER SOCIALIZATION Gender socialization is the process of learning the social expectations and attitudes associated with the one's sex. Sociologists explain through gender socialization why human males and females behave in different ways, they learn different social rules.
Gender socialization occurs through such diverse means as parental attitudes, schools, how peers interact with each other, and mass media. Sometimes gender roles lead to inequality; for example, women's social roles were once more restricted regarding politics, and United states law prohibited women from voting. SOCIALIZATION THROUGH THE LIFE COURSE Life course is a biological process. In this process there is a personal change from infancy through the old age and death brought about as a result of the interaction between biographical events and social events.
The biological life course process has been divided into 4 distinct stages: Child hood, Adolescence, Adulthood, and Old age CHILDHOOD Childhood usually covers the first 12 years of life: time for learning and carefree play. Presently we defend our idea of childhood because children are biologically immature.
Children in lower class have always assumed responsibilities sooner than other class counter parts. In childhood an individuals is made to learn the skills needed in adult life. ADOLESCENCE Just as industrialized helped create childhood as a distinct stage of life, adolescence emerged as a buffer between childhood and adulthood. People simply moved from childhood into young adulthood with no stopover in between. Adolescence usually teen age though it is also a social construction.
We generally link adolescence, or teenage years, to emotional and social turmoil, when the youth try to develop their own individual identities. ADULTHOOD Adulthood, which begins between the late teens and the early thirties, depending on the social background, is a time for accomplishment. They pursue careers and raise families. These youth embark on careers and raise families of their own. Growing older means facial physical decline. During the late middle years, people attempt to evaluate the past and come to terms with what lies ahead. They compare what they have accomplished with how far they had hoped to get. OLD AGE Old age the later years of adulthood of life itself begins in the mid sixties. The societies attach different meaning to this stage of life.
Old age differs in an important way from earlier stages in life course. Growing up typically means entering new roles and assuming new responsibilities; growing old, by contrast, is the opposite experience leaving roles that provided both satisfaction and social identity. RESOCIALIZATION Resocialization is a process of identity transformation in which people are called upon to learn new roles, while unlearning some aspects of their old ones.
The process of ten requires an unlearning of internalized norms, values, beliefs, and practices, to be replaced by a new set which is considered appropriate to the new role.
Resocialization most often occurs when an individual is called upon to adopt a new specialized status, often in adulthood. SOCIALIZATION IN THE FUTURE The Future of online Socialization:
The online world, according to most of the internet specialists, surveyed, is going to add to the texture and mood if social interactions, not detract from them.
Of the nearly 900 technology stakeholders and critics who responded to the opt-in survey 85% believe the affects of the online world will remain positive for the net decade The social benefits of internet use will far outweigh the negatives over the next decade, according to experts. They say this is because email, social networks, and other online tools offer "low friction" opportunities to create, enhance, and rediscover social ties that make a difference in people's lives. The interact lowers traditional communications constraints of cost, geography, and time; and it supports the type of open information sharing that brings people together. THE END
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